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NOAA NextGen System of Systems ( SoS ). Chris Kuruppu NWS Office of Science and Technology Systems Engineering Center (Skjei Telecom) 10/6/09. Assumptions. The SoS approach has been chosen as the best engineering approach as seen in documents such as: NextGen Weather Plan – NEWP

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NOAA NextGen System of Systems ( SoS )

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    1. NOAANextGen System of Systems (SoS) Chris Kuruppu NWS Office of Science and Technology Systems Engineering Center (Skjei Telecom) 10/6/09

    2. Assumptions The SoS approach has been chosen as the best engineering approach as seen in documents such as: • NextGen Weather Plan – NEWP • “Develop a new weather data distribution architecture, leveraging net-centric standard and existing architectures” • NextGen Air Transportation System Weather CONOPS • 4-D Weather Functional Requirements for NextGen Air Traffic Management • JPDO NextGen CONOPS • NextGen WIDB – IT Needs

    3. SoS Fundamentals A System of Systems.... • Has operationally independent elements. • Component systems are useful in their own right. • Has managerial independent elements. • Component systems maintain current operations independent of the SoS. • Has evolutionary development. • A SoS is scalable. • Has emergent behavior • The SoS performs functions that do not reside in any one component system.

    4. SOA Concepts Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) represents a model in which logic is decomposed into smaller, distinct units of logic. • These ‘distinct units of logic’ are ‘services’ in an SOA context. • Services are made discoverable by the Registry / Repository by their WSDL Service Description and associated metadata.. • Users/Systems discover services (to obtain products/data) by querying the Reg/Rep.

    5. Web Services Basics Web Services is fundamentally comprised of the following technology/standards. • XML – eXtensible Markup Language is a set of rules for electronically encoding documents. • SOAP – Simple Object Access Protocol is a specification for exchanging structured information. • HTTP – HyperText Transfer Protocol is an application- level protocol (from OSI network stack model). • WSDL – Web Services Description Language is an XML- based language that provides a model for describing Web services.

    6. Web Services Basics cont... XML • Popular standard format for the exchange of data and documents. • Underlies SOAP and WSDL. • Platform independent. Example Code:

    7. Web Services Basics cont... SOAP • XML-based messaging specification. • Known XML format. • Utilizes HTTP POST/GET as underlying transport protocol.

    8. Web Services Basics cont... HTTP • Utilizes request methods to indicate the desired action to be performed on the resource (URL). • HTTP GET request retrieves a resource from a server. • HTTP POST request is used to send data to a server to be processed in some way.

    9. Web Services Basics cont... WSDL • XML-specification used to describe ‘services’. • Provides description of service interface, and information on where to find the service on the network (URL). • Describes two aspects of a service: Abstract interface and Concrete Implementation. • Abstract Interface – describes general service structure (operations, operation parameters). • Concrete Implementation – binds the abstract interface to a network address, communication protocol, and data structures. i.e. concrete implementation binds the service and invokes its various operations.

    10. Web Services Basics cont... WSDL

    11. Web Services Basics cont... Web Services offer a connection technology. • Platform to connect the ‘services’ in an SOA For example, Web Coverage Service (WCS).. -Has 3 types of requests: • GetCapabilities– Service metadata (XML doc) • DescribeCoverage– Full description of one or more coverage (XML doc) • GetCoverage– One coverage (known format) -Uses HTTP POST/GET to connect to a service (which has an associated URN/URI/URL)

    12. What are Services? Services encompass logic. • Services can cover a varying amount of logic (ie. business rules, or something much smaller). • Very similar to ‘objects’ in Object Oriented Programming (OOP). • SOA is an alternative way of organizing code, based on services instead of a hierarchy of objects. Services are autonomous. • Services are self-governing/stand-alone. Services share schemas and contracts, not classes and types. • Services are designed to exchange contracts for behavior and XML schemas for data structure.

    13. What are Services? continued.. Services need to have explicit boundaries. • To maximize code reuse and sustain service longevity. • Services that have overlapping logic can potentially lead to circular dependencies. • Ties to services being ‘loosely-coupled’.

    14. Services continued.. Physical Connection Exists Return Services needed to get data Registry / Repository Service A Service B PublishService Descriptions / Metadata for A,B,C Query for Data System 1 User Invokes Services to get data User Requested Data Services A,B,C via physical connection Service C

    15. Services continued.. PublishService Descriptions / Metadata System 1 User Requested Data PublishService Descriptions / Metadata Query for Data System 4 System 2 Registry / Repository Return Services needed to get data User Invokes Services to get Data User Requested Data System 3 PublishService Descriptions / Metadata

    16. How does it all fit together? An SOA is an approach to a SoS architecture. Legacy systems? • Implementing a service-oriented front end (Edge Servers) for a legacy system will expose that same business logic to an entirely new set of applications/data. New systems and legacy systems can leverage each other’s functionality through the SOA implemented by Web Services (essentially the SoS). • Instead of many point-to-point links, systems are network-enabled.

    17. SOA Visual

    18. Thanks for listening... ...Questions/Discussion?