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Code 610 Business Development and New Opportunities. Earth Science April 7, 2008. Mark Schoeberl. Overview of Decadal Survey List Business Outlook for GSFC Assessment & Prioritization Mission Order Missions Venture Class Other. Agenda. Overview of Decadal Survey. NAS Missions.

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code 610 business development and new opportunities

Code 610 Business Development and New Opportunities

Earth Science

April 7, 2008

Mark Schoeberl

agenda
Overview of Decadal Survey List

Business Outlook for GSFC

Assessment & Prioritization

Mission Order

Missions

Venture Class

Other

Agenda
nas missions
NAS Missions
  • ICESat II - ice sheet change
  • CLARREO - ERB
  • SMAP - Soil moisture
  • DESDynNI - Surface motion & Vegetation
  • ACE - Aerosols, clouds, ocean color
  • HyspIR - Land surface
  • SWOT - Ocean and river levels
  • GeoCape - geo air pollution
  • ASCENDS - CO2 lidar
  • GRACE II - ice mass and solid earth
  • SLCP - snow and ice
  • GACM - leo atmospheric trace gases
  • LIST - lidar topography
  • PATH - geo µ wave for weather
  • GWOS (3DWinds) - wind lidar

Tier 1

Tier 2

Tier 3

general comments
General Comments
  • Mission order was generated by the NAS based on technical readiness, community buy in, budget constraints
  • Frielich has stated that he wants to stick to the order indicated by the NAS
  • SMAP is ahead of ICESat II because of technical readiness
  • There will be $10 M next year for Pre-phase A studies of second tier (ACE is asking for $2M)
    • HQ is using the money to “refine the mission and DS program definition sufficiently by the end of FY09 to inform directed mission development planning for the next mission starts to follow SMAP and ICESat II.”
  • We need to be aggressive AND cooperative - there is enough pie for everyone. HQ understands that the Centers need money (both JPL, GSFC and LaRC) and if we can help them justify joint expenditures HQ feels good.
    • But to cooperate effectively it has to be win-win
    • Code 420 has to take the wider view as a Level 2 activity
  • It may be possible to push ACE ahead of DESDynI but it will only happen if DESDynI gets into trouble and ACE is perceived as ready
    • Goddard will likely be asked to manage ACE since JPL will likely manage DESDynI
code 600 role
Code 600 Role
  • We have assigned a POC for each mission
  • We have allocated 1 FTE for mission development work and planning
  • We need immediate 400 support for ACE, GEOCAPE, ASCENDS and DESDynI
  • The Center has already made IRAD investments in all of these missions
  • Venture class missions are yet undefined (some joint with Ames)
    • Some creative ideas for small missions have been developed locally e.g.
      • Cheap version of GEOCAPE
      • Occultation mission with Langley also flying NPOESS climate instruments (CASS)
      • Night illumination
    • Need small rockets or a DPAF for Delta 4 or Orion
    • Freilich does not want to spend money on Venture class until the main NAS missions are underway.
      • But there will be pressure to develop some kind of program
hq has stated
HQ has stated:
  • All Decadal Survey Missions are directed missions and will be managed by the Earth Systematic Missions (ESM) Program office at GSFC
  • All mission development will have a study management team, led from HQ ESD by the HQ Program Scientist and Program Executive, and including representatives from ESTO, data systems, applied sciences, and the ESM program offic
my priority assessment
My Priority Assessment

High Priority

Medium Priority

Tier Score = 4-Tier (asses the nearness of the opportunity)

GSFC Instruments = number of instruments we can compete for…

Cost = Mission cost (3= > 500M, 2 = 200-500M, 1 = < 200M

Winnability = Probability of winning (personal assessment max=90%)

Score = product of all four numbers

High score missions should have Center Investment Priority - here the dashed line is drawn at 2 and 1

next steps
Next Steps
  • Code 400 needs to provide mission management support (600 can provide scientific leadership and R&A contacts)
  • GSFC Earth Science needs coordination at the business side equivalent to the JPL new business office.
    • AETD support is also needed for mission and instrument technical work
    • HQ will be supplying significant $$ for this work as well.
    • Need to show 420 that we are working with the other Centers
  • We need to be cognizant that IPO and NASA still need to deal with the GFE’d climate instruments off NPOESS - some opportunities there.
  • Mission costs are too high across the board we should be looking at creative cost reduction ideas including technical solutions, cross agency and foreign partnerships
ice cloud and land elevation satellite ii icesat ii
Mission Justification/Type:

NAS Dec. Survey

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Ice Sheet Mass Balance

Observe sea ice thickness

Terrestrial Biomass

Notional Payload

Single-instrument profiling laser altimeter

Swath mapper*

Status

White paper to HQ

HQ PPT Report, presentation

TRL development activities underway

Mature payload and mission costs developed

Science team leads

Jay Zwally and Waleed Abdalati

Cost: $450K - 500K (incl. reserves)

LRD: 2012

Competition/collaboration:

Industry: Lasers from component level to system level

Center support (IRAD)

Internal investments in 2007 from Center funds.

HQ Support: IMDC, follow on studies,

Next steps/Issues

Ready to begin Phase A when funding is available

GSFC Contact:

Jay Zwally and Waleed Abdalati

Ice Cloud and land Elevation Satellite - II (ICESat-II)

Single-Pass ICESat Elevation Profile Over Antarctica

Clouds and aerosols

Surface elevation

slide14

Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO)

  • Mission Justification/Type: NAS Dec. Survey
  • Mission Lead: (Platnick)
  • Mission Goals:
    • “Benchmark” global climate record of solar and emitted spectra, SI traceable, absolute accuracy and stability sufficient for observing decadal climate change AND/OR space-borne calibration laboratory (aka “NIST in space”)
  • Notional Payload: multiple precessing polar (90°) orbits
  • Status
    • NASA CLARREO workshop (17-19 July 2007), let by D. Anderson
    • Follow-on efforts led by D. Young (LaRC)
  • Instigators:
    • Jim Anderson (Harvard), Bruce Wielicki (LaRC)
  • Cost (according to decadal survey): $200M for 3 “small satellites” (2 for IR only, 1 for IR and solar) + $65M for CERES and TSIS on NOAA platform
  • Cost (realistic): No formal advanced concept mission study with detailed costs/tradeoffs
  • LRD: priority 1 decadal survey mission (2010-2013)
  • Likely Teams/Competition:
    • IR interferometer: U. Wisconsin (Revercomb) & Harvard, LaRC
    • spectrometer: CU/LASP (Kopp, Pilewskie)
  • Possible collaborations:
    • Solar: Proposed TRUTHS (Traceable Radiometry Underpinning Terrestrial- and Helio- Studies) “cal laboratory” satellite, led by Nigel Fox (UK NPL). Endorsed by CEOS/GEO.
  • Issues
    • From workshop report: “long and contentious discussion regarding specific science goals and related specific measurement requirements, as well as ultimate customers for CLARREO data products”
    • No consensus regarding requirements/definition
    • Sampling issues (for establishing benchmarks and for cross-platform calibration)
    • Are benchmark solar observations possible/useful?
    • Are future operational solar climate sensors characterized well enough to be cross-calibrated?
    • Establishing/confirming required accuracies
soil moisture active and passive smap mission
Mission Justification/Type:

NAS Dec. Survey

Mission Lead: TBD(Hydros PI-Led/MIT)

JPL Project Management

GSFC Science, EPO, Ground System, DAAC Leads

Mission Goals:

Soil Moisture and freeze/thaw for weather,

water cycle processes, agricultural & health applications

Notional Payload

Status

SMAP Workshop Report to HQ

HQ PPT presentation to Freilich (E. Im/JPL)

AGU presentation

GSFC Science team leads

O’Neill, Koster, Vollmer, Peters-Lidard

Cost: $412 M

LRD: 2013

Competition/collaboration:

CSA Partnership from Hydros TBD for SMAP (Antenna, Feeds); also Italian and IPO interest

Center support (IRAD)

Level 4 (Koster, Peters-Lidard);

RFI Mitigation (Jeff Piepmeier/555)

HQ Support: Hydros, JPL Team X, follow on studies, Pre-Phase-A funding requested

Next steps/Issues

Significant heritage from Hydros design and risk-reduction activities.

L-band heritage and lessons learned can be leveraged from the Aquarius project.

There are no technology “show-stoppers”, and SMAP formulation is positioned to begin where Hydros left off.

SMAP Team at GSFC lacks FY08 FTEs

Contact:

P O’Neill, Code

614.3, NASA/GSFC

HQ Contact:

Jared Entin, THP,

NASA HQ

Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Mission
deformation ecosystems and dynamics of ice desdyni
Mission Justification/Type:

NAS Decadal Survey

Mission Lead: JPL or GSFC

Mission Goals:

Terrestrial carbon and ecosystem structure

Ice sheet dynamics for understanding climate

Earth surface deformation for natural hazards

Notional Payload

Multibeam Lidar

L-band polarimetric SAR & InSAR (2 op. modes)

Status

GSFC Veg3D concept report to HQ (1/07)

JPL InSAR_Lidar Report presented to HQ (5/07)

DESDynI Science Community workshop (7/07)

Planned Ecosystem Structure workshop (3/08)

Science team leads

GSFC: J. Ranson, B. Blair, J. Sauber, W. Abdalati

JPL; Andrea Donnellan

H Zebker (Stanford), H Shugart (U. Virginia)

Cost: $760M (JPL TeamX)

LRD: 2010-2013 (Decadal Survey)

Competition/collaboration:

JPL expects mission lead and InSAR build

GSFC expects multi-beam lidar build

GSFC strengths are lidars and ecosystems and ice science

Center support (IRAD):

Laser development & reliability testing

HQ Support:

Expected follow on studies

Ecosystem Structure workshop (3/08)

Heritage: SRTM, PALSAR, SLA, LVIS

Next steps/Issues

Current JPL concept unacceptable for ecosystem science re orbits and duty cycle. Lidar pointing option impacts are unknown

Resume development of multibeam lidar at GSFC

Conduct IMDC of mission concepts

Contact:

J. Ranson (NASA/GSFC); A. Donnellan (JPL)

Deformation, Ecosystems and Dynamics of Ice (DESDynI)
aerosol cloud ecosystems ace
Mission Justification/Type:

NAS Dec. Survey

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Aerosol impact on clouds and precip

Ocean biology

Notional Payload (dual spacecraft)

Status

White paper to HQ

HQ PPT Report, presentation

Science team (Y) leads

Schoeberl, Remer, McClain, Kahn, Mischenko

Cost: $1.6 B

LRD: 2015

Competition/collaboration:

JPL - compete for polarimeter, radar

Langley - compete for HSRL lidar

High freq µ-radiometer - joint JPL

Center support (IRAD)

Multi-beam lidar, ORCA, high frq µ-wave, radar

HQ Support: IMDC, follow on studies

Next steps/Issues

Mission too expensive - follow on studies to reduce costs (HQ Supporting)

Explore international collaboration

Combining instruments

RSDO Bus

GSFC Contact: M Schoeberl

HQ Contact: H.Maring, P.Bontempi

Aerosol/Cloud/Ecosystems (ACE)

* Optional instruments desired by the Science Team

hyperspectral infrared imager hyspiri
Mission Justification/Type:

NAS Decadal Survey

Mission Lead: GSFC/JPL

Mission Goals:

Detect ecosystem responses to land management and climate change/variability

Detect changes in coastal ecosystem health

Map surface rock and soil composition

Detect alteration and changes in surface temperature (volcanic hazards)

Notional Payload

Status

One white paper to HQ (PPFT study)

HQ PPT Reports, presentations (PPFT & HyspIRI studies)

Science team (SWG) leads

G Asner (Carnegie Inst.), F Muller-Karger

Cost: $470M ($340M without thermal imager)

LRD: 2015 (date from Decadal Survey)

Competition/collaboration:

JPL - compete for hyperspectral imager and thermal imager

Ames – IPP relevant to spectrometer

AFRL/Raytheon – collaborate on hyperspectral

SEAKR – collaborate on IPSM

Center support (IRAD)

see related sensor web & HI-ER activities

HQ Support: 2008 workshop

Next steps/Issues

Mission somewhat too expensive (~35%)

Engage potential international partners

Innovative small instrument concepts (e.g., QUIP)

COTS/OSMB Bus + IPSM

Competition for instrument(s) versus developing a sound mission partnership

Capitalize on GSFC Intelligent Payload competency

GSFC Contact: J Ranson / R Knox

HQ Contact: W Turner (alt. D Wickland, P Bontempi)

Hyperspectral Infrared Imager (HyspIRI)

TeamX concept for hyperspectral platform (PPFT study)

surface water ocean topography swot
Mission Justification/Type:

NAS Decadal Survey

Mission Leads:

Ohio State U. (Doug Alsdorf)

JPL (E. Rodriguez and L.L. Fu)

LEGOS-CNES (N. Mognard)

Mission Goals:

Joint mission addressing both ocean and inland (lake, river) water levels for ocean and inland water dynamics

Notional Payload:

Ka band wide swath radar w/C-band radar, non sun sync

Two SAR antennaes

120m swath

Horizontal resolution: 10-70m along swath; 5m processed along track

Vertical resolution: ~0.50m vertical resolution for 10m pixels

Repeat Frequency: ~10-20 days (combined ascending/descending)

Status

Selected as 2nd level NAS Mission

Mission concept defined, details being worked out

Numerous mtgs already held by OSU, JPL, CNES, UWash

WATER-HM (SWOT) mission document published (See refs below)

Science team leads

Doug Alsdorf, OSU

Lee Leung Fu and E. Rodriguez, JPL

Dennis Lettenmaier, U. Wash

Nelly Mognard (LEGOS-CNES)

LRD: 2013-2016

Cost: $450 M

Recent Meetings

Official Inaugural mtg, Oct 07, Washington DC

Next mtg planned Feb1, 2008, Paris.

Next steps/Issues

Specific science goals need refining,

Sampling need to be finalized; ocean vs. inland water needs

KA vs Ku band alternatives TBD

Technology issues to be discussed

Risk reduction studies being discussed

SWOT (WATER HM) References/URL:

http://bprc.osu.edu/water

http://www.legos.obs-mip.fr/recherches/missions/water/

GSFC Contact:

Michael Jasinski

Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT)
geostationary coastal and air pollution events mission geo cape
Mission Type:

Decadal Survey, mid time frame

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Sources, transport, and chemistry of atmospheric pollution

Coastal ocean dynamics and biophysics

Notional Payload:

Medium-resolution (7 km) scanning UV-Vis spectrometer

Very high-resolution (300 m) programmable UV-Vis-NIR imager

CO imager in reflected sunlight and thermal emission

Key Themes:

Target processes occur rapidly at small scales: 1-3 hour sampling.

Terrestrial biosphere objectives should be included.

Very high-resolution, geosynchronous multi-disciplinary observatory is a shared resource for regular observations, special observing studies, and emergencies.

Status:

HQ mission studies (GeoMAC and integrated #5) done

Cost: $0.55 to 1.3B

Launch: 2013-2016

Contact: stephan.r.kawa@nasa.gov

Competition/collaboration:

Langley - competing for atmos component

JPL - compete for hi-res (ocean) imager?

CSA- provide CO detector?

Center Support (IRAD’08):

Optics and detector testing; pointing system design study; science requirements definition.

HQ Support:

Workshop/working group being discussed

Next Steps/Issues:

Mission too expensive

Explore GeoQuikRide

Refine discipline requirements

Science Leads:

Kawa, Janz, Pickering, Mannino, Middleton, Bhartia, Gleason, Rodriguez

8ºx8º

Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events Mission (GEO-CAPE)
ascends co2 via lidar mission
Mission Type:

Decadal Survey, 2nd group

Mission Lead:

GSFC

Mission Goals:

Accurately Map sources and sinks of atmospheric CO2 with global coverage, 1-2 ppmV resolution

Notional Payload:

3 band lidar (all operate continuously):

CO2 absorption measurements at 1572 nm, pulsed

O2 (atmospheric pressure) measurements at 765 nm

Surface height and aerosol profiles at ~1060 nm

~500 km circular polar orbit

Key Themes:

Mapping CO2 mixing ratio to improve understanding (spatial distribution & dynamics) of CO2 sinks

Significant extension to initial samples made with OCO

Approach offers continuous measurements day and night, all seasons & over oceans

Measurements to cloud tops, through cirrus clouds and over oceans

Status:

Prior work in DDF, IRAD, ESTO ATI and IIP programs

Demonstrated CO2 field measurements & O2 from lab

Mission Cost: ~500M$

Launch: 2013-2016

Contact: james.abshire@gsfc.nasa.gov

Competition/collaboration:

Competition:

ITT & Berrien Moore - CW approach at 1570 nm

JPL - CW approach at 2 um

Collaborations:

Wofsy (Harvard), Fung (Berkeley), Denning, OBrien (CO State), Randerson (UC)

ESA (ASCOPE mission) - potential

Present GSFC Support

IRAD’08 - support for O2 channel

Requested support for ASCENDS IDC study

HQ Support:

ESTO IIP-04 program - 3rd year of funding

Submitted proposal for ESTO IIP-07 program

Next Steps/Issues:

IDC studies for payload and mission

Airborne Co2 measurements (summer 2008)

Science Leads:

Abshire,Kawa, Collatz, Riris, Allan, Sun, Wofsy

CO2 Laser Sounder

in near Polar Orbit

ASCENDS (CO2 via Lidar) Mission
time variable gravity mapping mission grace ii
Mission Justification/Type:

NAS Decadal Survey

Mission Lead: JPL

Mission Goals:

Terrestrial water variations (incl. groundwater)

Ice sheet / glacier melt

Ocean circulation

Notional Payload (2 identical spacecraft)

Status

Report/PPT presented to HQ (4/07)

GRACE approved thru 2009; expected life 2012

Science team leads

M Rodell, S Luthcke, B Zaitchik, R Ray

Cost: $288M (reflight) - $471M (250km alt. + laser)

LRD: 2012 (preferred); 2016 (Decadal Survey)

Competition/collaboration:

JPL built GRACE satellites

UT-CSR/JPL/GFZ lead GRACE science

Optional laser up for grabs

Launch and ops are foreign contributions

Center support (IRAD): None

HQ Support: Follow on studies

Heritage: GRACE, LISA

Next steps/Issues

Push for early start date / GRACE reflight

Experimental laser is appealing

Aliasing limits low alt./laser option accuracy

Contact:

M Rodell (NASA/GSFC); M Watkins (JPL)

24 & 32 GHz and/or laser ranging

Time Variable Gravity Mapping Mission (GRACE II)
snow and cold land processes sclp mission
Mission Justification/Type:

NAS Dec. Survey

Mission Lead: TBDbut likely Don Cline(CLPP PI/NOAA)

JPL Project Management, Radar Lead

GSFC Radiometer Lead, Science participation

Mission Goals:

Snow Water Equivalent for weather; water cycle processes; agricultural, industrial, hydropower & other water resource applications

Notional Payload

Status

SCLP costing exercise for HQ

Airborne radar field campaigns in progress

Collaboration w/ESA’s CoReH2O snow mission proposal

GSFC Science team leads

Kim, Foster, Hall

Cost: $300-500 M depending on exact features

LRD: 2012 or later depending on exact features

Competition/collaboration:

Interest/discussions with ESA & CONAE

Center support

Currently none

HQ Support: JPL airborne radar+ field measurements, Team-X run, ESA collaboration

Next steps/Issues

Significant heritage from CLPP design and risk-reduction activities.

There are no technology “show-stoppers”, and SCLP formulation is positioned to begin where CLPP left off.

Contact:

E.Kim, Code

614.6, NASA/GSFC

HQ Contact:

Jared Entin, THP, NASA HQ

Snow and Cold Land Processes (SCLP) Mission
global wind observing sounder gwos
Mission Justification/Type: NAS Dec. Survey

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Tropospheric wind profiles

Notional Payload: ‘Hybrid’ Doppler lidar on single spacecraft in polar LEO

Status

White paper to HQ

HQ PPT Report, presentation

Science team leads

Gentry, Riishojgaard, McGill, Gelaro, Starr, Braun, Reineker

Cost: $800 M

LRD: 2016

Competition/collaboration:

Langley – aerosol coherent lidar

ESA – Developing ADM/Aeolus Mission for launch in late 2009

Center support (IRAD)

Advanced receiver tech, Modeling capabilities and OSSEs, Aircraft data assim impact studies

FY08 HQ Support:

PM- Ramsesh Kakar

Technology development via IIP, ACT, LRRP;

Aircraft demonstration flights (AITT);

Modeling and assimilation studies (WLS)

Next steps/Issues

Mission currently in 3rd tier. Need to address NAS panel concerns prior to next review

Need to advance technology readiness

Demonstrate impact via aircraft measurements

Explore multi-agency mission w/NOAA,DoD

Explore international collaboration

Contact:

B. Gentry NASA/GSFC

Global Wind Observing Sounder (GWOS)

Global Wind lidar from 400 km

  • GSFC direct detection aerosol channel of ‘hybrid’ proposed to 2007 IIP
  • LaRC coherent aerosol recognized by NAS report
lidar surface topography list
Mission Justification: NAS Decadal Survey

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Climate, tectonics, erosion & topography coupling

Natural hazard forecasting and mitigation

Ecosystem change in response to disturbance and shifts in climate and land use

Ice sheet and glacier mass balance and dynamics

Water storage in lakes, reservoirs and snow cover

Measurement Goals:

Global mapping of surface elevations at 5 m spatial resolution and 10 cm vertical precision for ground topography, vegetation structure, and ice sheet, glacier, water and snow surfaces

Repeat measurements in selected areas to monitor change

Notional Payload: High-resolution, wide-swath imaging lidar

Status: Mission Study ISAL and IMDC (summer 2007)

S/C, LV & Comm needs met by current technology

Report to NASA HQ (October 2007)

Science team leads:

D. Harding, J. Sauber, L. Glaze, J. Ranson,

B. Knox, W. Abdalati, D. Hall, M. Jasinski

Cost: $596M (GSFC IMDC estimate)

LRD: 2016

Competition/collaboration:

Commercial sector and MIT/Lincoln Labs compete for imaging lidar development

JPL InSAR competes as alternative measurement

Center support:

GSFC IRADs - Lidar Performance Analysis, Solid-state Imaging System, Fiber Laser Development

LVIS Fiber laser demonstration flight - Oct 2007

HQ Support:

ESTO IIP (2006-08): SIMPL

Earthscope, National Lidar, PIDDP, ACT, NRAs

Requested high-altitude airborne demo in 2008

Heritage (GSFC):

Spaceflight: SLA, MOLA, GLAS, MLA, LOLA

Airborne: ATM, LVIS, MMLA

Next steps/Issues

Complete and publish mission white-paper

Instrument technology advancement (fiber lasers, efficient detectors, high speed electronics)

Contact:

D. Harding (GSFC, Science), B. Blair (GSFC, Instrument), J. LaBrecque (HQ, Prg Manager)

Lidar Surface Topography (LIST)

ISAL Instrument

Concept

Ice Sheet and

Glacier Change

Global Water Balance

Vegetation

Structure

Topography

and Hazards

global atmospheric composition mission mission gacm
Mission Type: Decadal Survey (2016-2020)

Mission Lead: GSFC

Instruments #1 a/o 2 (below) could be built at GSFC

Mission Goals:

Ozone Recovery

Intercontinental transport of pollution

Notional Payload:

Limb-viewing Microwave Spectrometer (JPL)

UV/VIS Spectrometer (GSFC)

SWIR & TIR Spectrometer (Lockheed)

Key Themes:

Use the limb instrument to study the upper troposphere and the stratosphere.

Use UV/VIS to study to study O3, SO2, NO2, HCHO and aerosols. O3 and HCHO measurements may be enhanced by using SWIR/TIR channels.

Use SWIR/TIR to study CO.

Status:

HQ mission studies considered both SSO and non-SSO

Cost: $1B+

Launch: 2018

Contact: P. K. Bhartia (pawan.bhartia@nasa.gov)

Competition/collaboration:

JPL - TES team is designing a interferometer to cover UV to TIR bands.

KNMI/NL- may provide UV/VIS instrument

CSA - may provide the CO instrument

Center Support (IRAD’08):

Design of a high spatial resolution UV/VIS spectrometer to determine plume height by stereo viewing.

HQ Support:

HQ POC - Jucks, Hilsenrath

Next Steps/Issues:

Mission too expensive

explore using limb IR instrument instead of limb-microwave or keeping microwave vertical resolution same as Aura/MLS

Mission Science Definition Team:

Herman, Joiner, Chance, Torres, Krotkov, Gleason, Duncan, Pickering, Janz, Livesy, Jacob

Global Atmospheric Composition Mission Mission (GACM)

NO2 over India

venture class
Venture Class
  • CASS
  • Nightsat
  • Boreas
  • Geoview
  • LOCS
  • Methane
chemical and aerosol solar satellite cass
Mission Justification/Type:

Obligation to Congress – Monitor stratospheric constituents

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Ozone & important constituent monitoring

Ozone hole recovery monitoring

Upper tropospheric changes

Notional Payload

Status

HQ PPT Report, presentation

Science team leads

Jackman,Walker,Zawodny,Pilewskie,McCormick,Bernath,Schoeberl,Melo,Prather

Cost: $120 - 200M

LRD: 2013

Collaboration:

GSFC – Overall mission management, Project Scientist

ARC - Build/buy spacecraft & integration

LaRC – Refurbish SAGE III

CSA – Build ACE II, no cost to NASA

Center support - ?

HQ Support - ?

Next steps/Issues

Is HQ interested in monitoring stratosphere?

Need IMDC study for cost evaluation

Could involve Naval Research Laboratory (NRL); may be able to provide Polar Ozone and Aerosol Measurement (POAM IV) at no cost to NASA

NOAA provide TSIS?

GSFC Contact: C. Jackman

HQ Contact: E. Hilsenrath

Chemical and Aerosol, Solar Satellite (CASS)

CASS is modeled on the Canadian SCISAT

* Optional instrument since Sun-pointing

nightsat
Mission Justification/Type: Venture Class

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Night light measurements to evaluate energy use and as a proxy for human activity

Notional Payload:

Panchromatic camera plus multi-spectral camera, 50 m ground resolution

Status

2page fact sheet, HQ presentation

Science team leads

Marc Imhof

Cost: <$100 M

LRD: 2010

Competition/collaboration:

Joint with NASA Ames

JSC ISS Imagery

Center support

Part of Venture class initiative

FY08 HQ Support:

none

Next steps/Issues

Continued notional mission development joint with Ames

Contact:

M. Imhof

NightSat

Color composite of nocturnal lights Nigeria region: blue 1995, green 2000, and red 2006. Flare colors indicate activity patterns during the years used for the composite.

boreas
Mission Justification/Type: Venture Class

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Prevent "busted" 5-day forecasts at mid-latitudes

Improve hurricane track forecasts

Comprehensive real time arctic winds

Mission Description

11 satellites @ 780 km in 6 planes @ 84 degree inclination @ 9 minute overpasses

Launch vehicle - international commercial 6-pack launches

Notional Payload:

Uncooled microbolometric thermal IR array

2 km resolution, <15 min cadence, stable calibration

Autonomous attitude knowledge, <1 mrad

Resource envelope: <25 kg, <50 W, <1 Mbps, <0.2x0.3x0.5 m

Status

2page fact sheet, HQ presentation

Science team leads

Dennis Chesters

Cost: <$1 M / Instrument, $30 M NRE, $10M I&T

LRD: 2010

Competition/collaboration:

Iridium LLC <= lead?

NOAA & NCEP

EUMETSAT & ECMWF

JCSDA & Un. Wisconsin

Center support

Part of Venture class initiative

FY08 HQ Support:

none

Next steps/Issues

TECHNICAL CHALLENGE

Design an inexpensive, robust IR imager with built-in attitude determination that can be flown on comsats without significantly impacting their commercial operation

PROGRAMMATIC CHALLENGE

Formulate a business plan for ride-along instruments that Iridium LLC can sell to investors and to the international beneficiaries of polar winds

Establish NASA's role as instrument developer to Iridium LLC

Contact:

D. Chesters/GSFC

Boreas
geo view
Mission Justification/Type: Venture Class

High risk-reward science objective

Complementary to GEO-CAPE Decadal Survey Mission

Mission Lead: GSFC-Ames collaboration

Mission Goals: Demonstrate ability to determine air pollution sources, transport, and chemical transformations from geosynchronous orbit.

Measure O3 near the Earth surface at high temporal/spatial resolution over North America

Notional Payload:

Piggy-back spacecraft and launch to be provided by commercial communication satellite

Status

ARC-GSFC mission summary, presentation to HQ 12/07

Cost: $180M (est.)

LRD: 2013

Science Team Leads:

S. R. Kawa (GSFC 613.3), R. B. Chatfield (ARC)

Contact: S. Randy Kawa, stephan.r.kawa@nasa.gov 301/614-6004

Competition/collaboration:

Include LaRC, science community analysis

Center support needed (IRAD)

UV instrument testing (GSFC)

Determine commercial vendor for launch/bus (ARC)

Design, build, and test NIR O3 detector (ARC/LMATC)

HQ Support: Venture Mission AO

Next steps/Issues

Finding a ride to Geo

High altitude aircraft instrument and retrieval algorithm demo needed

Difference between solar IR total column and UV partial column is most sensitive to O3 near the surface.

Geo-View
atmospheric ch4 venture class mission
Mission Type:

Venture Class Candidate

Mission Lead:

GSFC

Mission Goals:

Demonstrate (for first time) laser absorption measurements of atmospheric CH4 (or CO) from orbit

Notional Payload:

~400 km circular polar orbit

MOLA sized instrument (~50W, 50 Kg)

Atmospheric CH4 measurements via DIAL at 1651 nm

Fiber laser pumped OPO transmitter

Possible extension (or alternative) to measure CO

Key Themes:

CH4 sources expected to increase in Arctic from melting permafrost

Demonstrate initial global measurements of CH4 to improve understanding (spatial distribution & dynamics) of CH4 sources

Orders of magnitude improvement on sampling density compared to ground-based measurements

Approach offers continuous measurements day and night, all seasons & over oceans

Also serves as demonstration for bio-marker gas measurements from Mars orbit

Status:

Prior measurement demonstrations via DDF and IRAD programs

Similar work for CO2 & O2 via ESTO ATI & IIP programs

Competition/collaboration:

Competition:

Not aware of any

Potential Collaborations:

ESA (ASCOPE mission) - potential

Present GSFC Support

IRAD’08 - support for CH4 channel, laser, detectors

HQ Support:

Submitted proposal (7/07) ROSES MIDP program

Submitted proposal (10/07) ROSES PIDDP program

Next Steps/Issues:

Sensitive detector demo (spring 2008)

Combined sensitive open path measurements (summer 2008)

Science Leads:

Abshire, Collatz, Riris, Allan, Sun, + others

Mission Cost: ~100M$

Launch: 2013-2016

Contact: james.abshire@gsfc.nasa.gov

Atmospheric CH4 Venture Class Mission
land observing calibration satellite locs
Mission Justification/Type:

Venture Class; cf. CEOS/GEOSS requirements

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Radiometric cross-calibration of missions observing land surfaces at reflected solar wavelengths (15-30 m GSD mapping)

Risk reduction for on-board data QA and future webs of hyperspectral sensors

Targeted ecosystem measurements

Technology risk reduction for longer range goal to develop "Gold Standard" for radiometric cross-calibration

Notional Payload

Status

HI-ER HQ presentation & fact sheet (12/07)

Feedback led to revised concept

Science and applications team leads

GSFC: D. Williams, J. Morisette

Ames: E. Sheffner, S. Hipskind

Cost: $100-200M

LRD: as early as late 2012

Competition/collaboration:

Ames – science collaboration; applications lead; IPP relevant to imager

NIST – collaborate on absolute radiometric cal.

AFRL/Ames – microsatellite bus (ORSB)

Coordinate obs. with CLARREO (~1 km pixels)

JPL – competing imager/mission concepts?

Puts GSFC in better position to vie for HysperII

Center support (IRAD):

Directed support of land hyperspectral concept work

Heritage: EO-1, Landsat 5/7 cross-calibration

Next steps/Issues

Mature the mission concept, with partners

Identify / select spectrometer type

Design orbit to maximize coincident observations with other missions

GSFC Contact: D. Williams, J. Morisette, R. Knox

HQ Contact: TBD

Land Observing Calibration Satellite (LOCS)
other opportunities
Other Opportunities
  • Climate Mission 1
  • TIRS (LDCM)
  • MIS (NPOESS)
climate mission 1
Mission Justification/Type:

Mitigate NPOESS descope resulting from Nunn-McCurdy Certification / Mitigate loss of Landsat and ASTER thermal data

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals:

Continue Climate Data Records

Solar Irradiance

Earth’s Radiation Budget

Aerosols

MODIS land, atmosphere, ocean, fire products

Notional Payload

Status

OSTP Workshop held June 19 - 21, 2007

Cost: TBD ~ $1B

LRD: TBD ~ 2014

Competition/collaboration:

Center support (IRAD): None

HQ Support: None

Heritage: SORCE, Terra, Aqua, Landsat, JASON

Next steps/Issues

Strategize w/ NASA HQ - Bryant Cramer

Contact:

TBD

Climate Mission 1
thermal infrared sensor tirs for ldcm
Mission Type:

Flight of Opportunity on Operational Satellite System

Mission Lead: GSFC

Mission Goals (LDCM):

Multidecadal monitoring, mapping, and characterization of land cover/land use change

Landsat data continuity

Notional Sensor:

Two-band thermal imager

Microbolometer focal plane

120 m spatial resolution, 185 km swath

Key Themes (TIRS):

Landsat data continuity

Water resource management

Cloud cover assessment

Land surface T mapping for multiple applications

Status:

Pending now-unlikely direction from HQ to add TIRS to LDCM payload

Direction would delay LDCM launch date

Cost: $90M (instrument plus spacecraft integration)

Launch: LDCM Launch Readiness Date: July, 2011

Science Leads: Irons, Masek

Instrument Manager: Cathy Richardson

Contact: James.R.Irons@nasa.gov

Competition/collaboration: none

Center Support:

Center took instrument concept to system design review (SDR) dry-run in Sept. 2007 with LDMC Project funding - no further funding

HQ Support:

Directed LDCM project to specify TIRS accommodations in LDCM spacecraft RFP

No further funds for concept development

Next Steps/Issues:

Look for another flight of opportunity

Support proactive advocacy of thermal data users (e.g., Western States Water Council)

Thermal InfraRed Sensor (TIRS) for LDCM
missions

Each decadal mission has a GSFC science lead

Missions

Other NPOESS mission opportunities…