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Vitamins D and K . Adequate Intake for Vitamin d. Infant – 50 yrs 51-70 yrs Over 70 yrs. 5 ug /day 10 ug /day 15 ug /day. What does vitamin D do for me?. Helps the body to absorb calcium Helps keep the right amount of calcium and phosphorus in the blood

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adequate intake for vitamin d
Adequate Intake for Vitamin d
  • Infant – 50 yrs
  • 51-70 yrs
  • Over 70 yrs
  • 5 ug/day
  • 10 ug/day
  • 15 ug/day
what does vitamin d do for me
What does vitamin D do for me?
  • Helps the body to absorb calcium
  • Helps keep the right amount of calcium and phosphorus in the blood
  • May play a role in cellular growth and function in our brain
  • May help the
    • Immune system
    • Muscles
    • Pancreas
    • Cartilage
    • Skin
    • Reproductive organs
  • May help in regulating cell growth
  • May protect against tuberculosis, gum inflammation, some cancers, and multiple sclerosis
what happens if i don t get enough vitamin d
What happens if I don’t get enough vitamin D?
  • Rickets in children
  • Osteomalacia in adults
  • Osteoporosis
who is at risk for vitamin d deficiency
Who is at risk for vitamin D deficiency?
  • Adults over age 50
  • Darker skinned people living in northern areas
  • People with a reduced ability to absorb dietary fat
  • Exclusively breastfed infants
  • People who are obese or have had gastric bypass surgery
  • When dietary intake of vitamin D is insufficient
  • People with limited sun exposure
  • When kidneys can not convert vitamin D to it’s active form
  • When the body can not absorb vitamin D from the GI tract
what happens if i get too much vitamin d
What happens if I get too much vitamin d?
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Poor appetite
  • Constipation
  • Weakness
  • Bone pain
  • Weight loss
  • Kidney stones
  • Calcification of soft tissue
  • High levels of blood calcium
  • Confusion
  • Heart rhythm abnormalities
where can i get vitamin d
Where can I get vitamin D?
  • Fortified milk, cereal, margarine, butter, juices and chocolate mixes
  • Veal
  • Beef
  • Egg yolks
  • Liver
  • Herring, Salmon, Sardines and their oils
should i use a vitamin d supplement
Should I use a vitamin d supplement?
  • Vitamin D is the most likely of vitamins to have toxic effects when consumed in excessive amounts. Supplements should be kept away from children and used cautiously, if at all, by adults.
adequate intake for vitamin k
Adequate intake for vitamin k
  • 0-0.5
  • 0.5-1
  • 1-3
  • 4-8
  • 9-13
  • 14-18
  • 19 and up male
  • 19 and up female
  • 2.0 ug/day
  • 2.5 ug/day
  • 30 ug/day
  • 55 ug/day
  • 60 ug/day
  • 75 ug/day
  • 120 ug/day
  • 90 ug/day
what does vitamin k do for me
What does vitamin k do for me?
  • Makes proteins that control calcium
  • Makes proteins that allow blood to clot
  • Works with vitamin D to keep calcium in the bones
  • Keeps calcium out of the arteries
what happens if i don t get enough vitamin k
What happens if I don’t get enough vitamin k?
  • Nosebleeds
  • Bleeding gums
  • Heavy menstruation
  • Blood in the stool
  • Blood in the urine
  • Black or tarry stools
  • Tinted urine
  • Easy bruising
who is at risk for vitamin k deficiency
Who is at risk for vitamin k deficiency?
  • Vitamin K deficiency is very unlikely as it is readily available in foods and is also synthesized in the GI tract by bacteria.
what happens if i get too much vitamin k
What happens if I get too much vitamin k?
  • Jaundice in infants
  • Can interfere with some clotting medicines
  • Can cause liver problems
  • Because Vitamin K is not stored in the liver in any significant quantity, toxicity is very rare.
where can i get vitamin k
Where can I get vitamin k?
  • Raw amaranth leaves
  • Raw parsley
  • Raw Swiss Chard
  • Cooked kale
  • Raw watercress
  • Cooked spinach
  • Raw spinach
  • Cooked turnip greens
  • Raw collards
  • Cooked collards
should i use a vitamin k supplement
Should I use a vitamin k supplement?
  • Deficiency is unlikely to occur under normal circumstances, so supplementation is not needed.
works cited
Works cited
  • Linda Vorvik M.D., D. V. (2009, 3 7). Vitamin D. Retrieved 5 30, 2010, from Medline Plus: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002405.htm
  • The Essential Function of Vitamin K . (n.d.). Retrieved 6 1, 2010, from The-Vitamin-and-Supplement-Guide.com: http://www.the-vitamin-and-supplement-guide.com/functionofvitamink.html
  • Vitamin D. (n.d.). Retrieved 05 30, 2010, from Mama's Health: http://www.mamashealth.com/nutrition/vitamind.asp
  • Vitamin K. (n.d.). Retrieved 6 1, 2010, from Springboard for Health: http://www.springboard4health.com/notebook/v_k.html