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Outlook of the Nigerian Pension Sector by M. K. Ahmad Director General National Pension Commission (PenCom) Abuja – N PowerPoint Presentation
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Outlook of the Nigerian Pension Sector by M. K. Ahmad Director General National Pension Commission (PenCom) Abuja – Nigeria. 16/05/2007 Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria. Agenda. Highlights of the Nigerian Pension Scheme Implementation Breakthroughs Impact of the Scheme on the Nigerian Economy

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Outlook of the Nigerian Pension SectorbyM. K. AhmadDirector General National Pension Commission (PenCom)Abuja – Nigeria

16/05/2007Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

agenda
Agenda
  • Highlights of the Nigerian Pension Scheme
  • Implementation Breakthroughs
  • Impact of the Scheme on the Nigerian Economy
  • Outlook of the Nigerian Pension System
  • Conclusions

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

highlights of the nigerian pension scheme
Highlights of the Nigerian Pension Scheme
  • Contributory Pension Scheme was established by Pension Reform Act 2004, which came into effect in June 2004
  • Rationale for the Reforms
    • Most schemes were under or unfunded
    • Unsustainable outstanding pension liabilities
    • Weak and inefficient administration
    • Demographic shifts and aging made defined benefit scheme unsustainable
    • Most workers in the Private Sector not covered by any form of retirement benefit arrangements
    • Private sector schemes that existed were “resignation” rather than retirement schemes

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

highlights of the nigerian pension scheme4
Highlights of the Nigerian Pension Scheme
  • Nature of the scheme
    • Contributory
      • Contributions by both employer and employee
    • Individual Accounts
      • Nature of the account, portability and withdrawals (Lump sum, Annuity & Programmed withdrawal)
    • Privately Managed
    • Life Insurance Cover
    • Coverage and Exemptions
    • Strictly regulated and supervised - PenCom

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

implementation breakthroughs
Total membership of the scheme 2.2 million as at April 2007

73.16% from Public Sector

26.84% from Private Sector

Total estimated workforce in Nigeria as at December 2006 was 49.0 million

3.52 million public Sector of which 48.8% have registered

4.7 million formal private sector of which 11.5% have registered

40.8 million informal sector, of which none has registered yet

Implementation of the scheme by state governments has commenced

20 state governments are at various levels of implementation

Resulted in formal recognition of accrued pension rights of employees of the Federal Government

Federal Government is funding a sinking fund to meet this liability

Implementation Breakthroughs

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

impact of the scheme on the economy
Impact of the Scheme on the Economy
  • Pension Fund Assets:
    • Generated pool of long term investible funds for the first time in Nigeria
    • Already licensed operators have N489.8 billion (USD 3.8 billion) worth of assets as at 31st March 2007
    • N330 billion (USD 2.6 billion) worth of assets has been transferred to licensed custodians
    • Out of the transferred assets N91.8 billion (USD 0.7 billion) are new contributions and N238.2 billion (USD 1.9 billion) are transferred by legacy funds
    • About N400 billion (USD 3.12 billion) in the process of being transferred to the custody of licensed Pension Fund Custodians
  • The Capital Market
    • Creation of domestic institutional investors (PFAs/CPFAs)
    • Increased market integrity/transparency and corporate governance

1. Inception date for RSA was February 2006

2. Inception dates for CPFA & Existing Scheme/NSITF was September 2006

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

impact of the scheme on the economy7
Impact of the Scheme on the Economy
  • Capital Market … cont’d
    • Shift of financial assets to the capital market
    • Formalised pension operators/institutional investors promote competition in the securities market
    • Created the need for further capital market reforms especially in reduction of charges and transaction costs
  • Long term Savings available to finance the real sector and sustain the growth of the economy

Table 1: Comparison of pension fund investments in equities (quoted stock) with total market capitalisation in Nigeria

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

impact of the scheme on the economy8
Impact of the Scheme on the Economy
  • Created employment opportunities
    • So far about 3,000 Nigerians have been directly employed into the Pensions Industry
    • Created opportunities for many third party service providers

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

outlook of the nigerian pension system
Outlook of the Nigerian Pension System
  • Key Assumptions
    • Continuation of Economic Reforms
    • Macroeconomic Stability
    • Major Improvement on Infrastructure
    • Single Digit Inflation Rate
  • Generation of pool of long term investible funds
    • Will trigger the development of new long term instruments (REITs, Infrastructural Bonds, etc)
    • Provide local counterpart funding for financing developments in the power, telecommunication sectors, etc
      • Will promote foreign direct investment in financing infrastructural developments
  • Gradual move towards issuance of corporate bonds to reduce the volatility of the exposure in the overall equities investment
  • Development of multiple funds
  • Portion of funds to be invested offshore
    • To diversify the risk of undue concentration of assets in domestic market
    • To ensure higher returns on investment

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

outlook of the nigerian pension system10
Outlook of the Nigerian Pension System
  • Downward trend in inflation rate
    • Ensure increase in real return on investment
    • Will result in real growth of pension assets
    • Better expected retirement benefits
  • Development of other institutional operators:
    • Enhance skills of Rating Agencies
    • Development of Mortgage Industry
    • Insurance Companies
      • Provision of group life insurance policies
      • Development of Annuities Market
      • Anticipated fall in premium rates

Source: Nigerian Securities & Exchange Commission Capital Market Bulletin, Jan. 2007

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

outlook of the nigerian pension system11
Outlook of the Nigerian Pension System
  • Development of skills in the Industry
    • To continue working with World Bank, DFID and other relevant organisations in capacity building and skills acquisition for the industry in the areas of risk management, risk based supervision, corporate governance, information technology
  • Enforcement of implementation in the private sector employers
  • Secure buy-in by states yet to start implementation and the informal sector into the scheme
  • Develop robust IT structure for identification, processing and storage of information
  • Development of IT based system for the payment of accrued pension rights of Federal Government employees
  • Benefits for the Nigerian worker
    • Guaranteed Retirement Benefits
    • Improved savings culture
    • Introduction of multiple funds will allow the worker the choice of fund that met his/her risk appetite
    • To benefit from developments in other sectors such as mortgage industry in acquiring affordable housing, etc

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria

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Thank You!

National Pension Commission

Plot 174, Adetokunbo Ademola Crescent

Wuse II, Abuja - Nigeria

09 – 4138736 – 40

info@pencom.gov.ng

www.pencom.gov.ng

Medium Term Outlook for Nigeria