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Macedonian Pension System and Reforms. Ms. Irena Risteska Head of Sector for Pension and Disability Insurance Sector Ministry of Labor and Social Policy. Introduction to Macedonia. Area: 25,713 sq km Population ( 2002 ): 2,022,547 Source: State Statistical Office.

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slide1

Macedonian Pension System

and Reforms

Ms. Irena Risteska

Head of Sector for Pension and Disability Insurance Sector

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy

introduction to macedonia

Introduction to Macedonia

Area: 25,713 sq km

Population (2002): 2,022,547

Source: State Statistical Office

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

characteristics of the pension system before the reform
Characteristics of the pension system before the reform
  • PAYG, DB
  • Existing for over 50 years
  • Mandatory
  • Comprehensive, broad coverage

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

parametric changes of the payg system 1993 1997
Parametric changes of the PAYG system (1993 - 1997)
  • Increase of the retirement age (60/63 men; 55/60 women)
  • Change in the calculation of the pension base
  • Decrease of the replacement rate (85% 80%)
  • Change of pension indexation method
  • Termination of early retirement provisions

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

parametric reforms 1993 1997 1
Parametric reforms (1993 - 1997) - 1

Reasons for these reforms

  • High unemployment rate
  • Declining ratio of contributors to pensioners

(1993  2,4 : 1; 1999  1,6 : 1)

  • Deficit of the State Pension Fund
parametric reforms 1993 1997 2
Parametric reforms (1993 - 1997) - 2

Rationalization of the PAYG system

  • Increase in the retirement age
  • Decrease of the replacement rate
  • Change of pension indexation method
  • Termination of early retirement provisions
  • Change in the calculation of the pension base
motivation for a transition to a multi pillar pension system 1
Motivation for a transition to a multi - pillar pension system -1

1. Demographics

(Actuarial projections for the next 100 years)

  • Population aging
  • Further decline in the ratio of contributors to pensioners

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

life expectancy
Life expectancy

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

population 60 population 18 59
Population 60+ / Population 18-59

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

ratio contributors pensioners
Ratio contributors / pensioners

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

motivation for a transition to a multi pillar pension system 2
Motivation for a transition to a multi- pillar pension system -2

2. Economics

(Actuarial projections for the next 100 years)

  • further increase in the ratio of expenditures for pension benefits payment to GDP
  • increase of the sustainable contribution rate

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

possible solutions
Possible solutions

1. Increase in the contribution rate

2. Reduction of benefits

3. Fiscal contraction

4. Comprehensive reform of the pension system and transition to a multi pillar funded system

parametric changes of the payg system
Parametric changes of the PAYG system
  • Increase of the retirement age (64/62)
  • Age exclusive condition with minimum service requirement of 15 years
  • Decrease of the replacement rate (80% 72%)
  • Change of pension indexation method

(50% CPI, 50% wage growth)

  • Ceiling on contributions
pension system key institutions
Pension system, key institutions
  • Ministry of Labor and Social Policy
  • Pension and Disability Insurance Fund of Macedonia
  • Pension Supervision Agency (MAPAS)
  • Pension Companies and Pension Funds – Mandatory
  • Custodian bank (National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia – transitory for second pillar; commercial bank for third pillar)

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

pension reform summary 1
Pension reform summary 1
  • Solidarity PAYG system modified
  • Mandatory fully funded system introduced in 2005/2006
  • April 2005 - Two licenses granted to Pension Companies with mixed capital (domestic and foreign) for managing one Pension Fund each selected in international bidding process
  • September 2005 – Start of Membership Process

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

pension reform summary 2
Pension reform summary 2
  • January 2006 – Start of second pillar contributions flow
  • January 2008 – Transfer process for members shall start
  • Planned for early/mid 2008
    • Opening of the market, licensing of new Pension Companies allowed
    • Transfer of custodian role from Central bank to commercial banks
    • Implementation of third pillar

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

financing of the transition costs
Financing of the Transition Costs

Issuance of Government bonds

(debt financing)

  • Use of the privatization proceeds

of public enterprises

  • Fiscal contraction (tax financing)

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

organizing the pension reform
Organizing the pension reform
  • The Government’s commitments for the pension reform

- Pension Reform Steering Committee

- Actuarial Unit

  • Concept development and proposal for the reform
  • Presentation of the proposal, feed-back information and consensus building
  • Work on the legislation
  • Adoption of laws
  • Implementation

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

current macedonian pension system
Current Macedonian Pension System
  • Mandatory rationalized PAYG system (first pillar)
  • Mandatory fully funded system (second pillar)
  • Voluntary fully funded system (third pillar)

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

who is insured in the pension system
Who is insured in the pension system?
  • mandatory
  • workers
  • self-employed workers
  • individual farmers
  • unemployed workers who receive benefits until employment
  • pensioner after re-employment
pay as you go first pillar
Pay As You Go-First Pillar

Rights:

  • Old age pension
  • Disability pension
  • Survivors pension
  • Minimal pension.

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

old age pension
Old age pension
  • Conditions:
  • 64 years of age (man)i.e.62 years of age (woman) and at least 15 years of service

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

slide23

The most recent statistics show that the number of old age pensioners is/will not change drastically due to the last changes in the Law for Pension and Disability Insurance.

disability pension
Disability pension
  • Conditions:

- general incapacity for work

- professional incapacity for work (above 50 years of age for man and woman)

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

slide25

The most recent statistics show that the number of disability pensioner continuously decreases in 2008.

120 new disability pensioner per month in the first three months of 2008 out of 1.587 submitted expert evidences.

survivors pension
Survivors pension
  • Conditions:

- the deceased was pension beneficiary

- the deceased had pension insurance for 5 years

  • Entitled to survivors pension:

- spouse - parents

- children - family members

- other members of the family

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

slide27

The number of survivors pensioners will further increase as a result of the last changes in the Law for Pension and Disability Insurance which stipulates the conditions and entitled to survivors pension.

minimal pension
Minimal Pension
  • Three groups of minimal pension
  • Defined according to the average wage in the country (41%, 38% and 35%)

The number of pensioners that received minimal pension in April 2008 was 81.916, which was 30% of the total number of pensioners in the country.

maximum pension
Maximum Pension
  • Entitled to maximum pension are only members in the first pillar.
  • maximum pension= average net wage * 2,7

The number of pensioners who received maximum pension in April was 968 which was 0,35% of the total number of pensioners.

individual farmers and self employed
Individual Farmers and Self-Employed

Definition : payers of income tax on farmers activities who are engaged solely in farmers profession (individual farmers)

  • individual farmers do not have right to professional incapacity for work
  • different contribution rate
slide31

2,3% of the contributors in Macedonia are individual farmers

  • 73,6% are active individual farmers
  • 26,4 are passive individual framers
early retirement pension
Early Retirement Pension

The retirement age for acquiring right to old age pension shall be decreased for contributors whose insurance service increases depending on the degree of service increase, for one year:

pension formula
Pension formula
  • Calculation of pension

Annual wage=(monthly wage *12)

Annual wage is valorized at level of the last wage and divided with the number of service credit. This is pension base.

Replacement rate depends on the insurance period

pension = pension base * replacement rate

objectives of the reform
Objectives of the reform
  • To increase the contribution collection
  • Improvement of the quality of the received data
  • Reduction of the administration controls
  • Detailed data per contributor
  • Monthly calculations for salary and contribution
  • Encrypted data with the objective to provide confidentiality of the data
  • Integration with the banking system
  • Correct distribution of the individual accounts for the members of the second pillar
key role of pdif in the new pension system
Key role of PDIF in the new pension system
  • To collect data and contribution in unique procedure
  • To control the data and contribution separately per contributor
  • Distribution of the contribution to the state pillar and members of the private pension funds
implemented legal changes continued
Implemented legal changes-Continued
  • The contribution are paid in the banks (vie the payment operation institutions ) ( Article 183)
  • Interest from 0,3% (daily) for late payment (Article 184)
  • The gross salary is base for calculation of the contribution (Article 180)
  • Mandatory minimum from 65% for calculation of the contribution for pension insurance from the average net salary of the R. Macedonia (Article 180)
  • Limited contribution for members of the second pillar according the monthly gross calculation from three average net salaries of the RM (Article 180.a)
development of the client software
Development of the client software

This software provides:

  • Reading of the input electronic fail
  • Interactive input of data in the MPPP form (monthly form for contribution payments)
  • First instance check of the correctives of the data
  • Generation of output MPPP form in electronic form (fail)
  • Signing and encryption of the output fail with security code for identification of the employer
onside audit by the employer
Onside audit by the employer
  • According the Pension and Disability Insurance Law Article 185 a till i
  • Complete automated process
  • Automated monitoring of unpaid contribution
  • Regular control every 60 days
  • The system determine employers and auditors for control
  • Each auditor has correctdetermined employer for audit, commencing date of the audit and estimation for termination date
  • Each activity of the auditor is registered in the system and is monitored from the head of the branch office and from the head office via application for the workflow
  • Statistical reports
benefits from the new contribution collection system
Benefits from the new contribution collection system
  • Correct calculation for the base and the contribution
  • Possibility for quick adjustment of the made errors
  • Effective and on time control of the contribution
  • Correct and on time distribution of the contribution
  • Informing the contributors for the amount of paid contribution and for the assets on the individual accounts in the second pillar
  • Automated generation of data for service credit and salary of the contributors ( M4 form)
slide41

The ratio between the employees and the pensioners in 2007 and it is 1,6.

  • This improvement is result of:
  • improvement of the contribution collection in the Pension and Disability Insurance Fund
  • decrease of unemployment rate
slide43
Results from the two year implementation of the new way of contribution collection and the behavior of employers
  • Year 2006
  • Average number of monthly declarations for 47.992 employers, for 416.172 contributors
  • Average number of monthly payments for 41.385 employers (86,2%), for 397.589 contributors (95,5%)
  • Year 2007
  • Average number of monthly declarations for 50.634 employers, for 423.856 contributors
  • Average number of monthly payments for 42.488 employers (83,9%), for 399.007 contributors (94,1%)
  • Year 2008
  • January, February and March 2008 compared with the same period 2007, the contribution collection is increased for more than 20%
next steps contribution collection of all social contributions in unique procedure in pdif
Next steps (contribution collection of all social contributions in unique procedure in PDIF)
  • Integrated contribution collection of all social contribution (pension, health and employment)
  • Integrated procedures for control of all social contribution
  • Integrated enforced payment
  • Possibility for integrated contribution collection of personal income tax from salary
expected benefits from the integrated contribution collection
Expected benefits from the integrated contribution collection
  • Complete contribution collection from salary
  • Providing unique data base
  • One monthly declaration for calculation of salary and contribution (decrease of administrational costs of the employers)
  • Unique control of the data and contribution
  • Simplifying the procedures for determination of rights from social insurance
the difference between the pillars
The difference between the pillars
  • First pillar – Solidarity Fund - Pay as you go: the contributions of the current generations of workers are used to finance the pensions of the current generations of pensioners
  • Second and third pillar - fully funded: contributions and incomes are accumulated on individual accounts and then these savings are used to finance the pension
agency for supervision of fully funded pension insurance
Agency for Supervision of Fully Funded Pension Insurance
  • The licenses with the mandatory fully funded pension insurance were granted to two pension companies on April 4, 2005. The two pension companies manage one pension fund each and their approvals for pension fund management are granted for a 10 year period. The two pension companies are:
  • Akcionersko drustvo za upravuvanje so penziski fondovi NOV PENZISKI FOND Skopje, which manages NOV PENZISKI FOND – Otvoren penziski fond
  • KB Prvo drustvo za upravuvanje so penziski fondovi AD Skopje, which manages KB Prv otvoren penziski fond - Skopje
second pillar organization chart
Second Pillar Organization Chart

MLSP

MAPAS

NBRM/Custodian

PDIF

Pension Company

Pension Company

Pension

Fund

Pension

Fund

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

design of the second fully funded pillar
Design of the Second Fully-Funded Pillar
  • Centralized payment of the contributions and record keeping
  • 2 Pension Companies for managing one pension fund each
  • Custodian
  • Supervision and regulation

(proactive supervision at the beginning)

  • Guarantees
  • Tax treatment: EET

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

second pillar members
Second pillar members

Transition Rules

  • Hired on or after January 1, 2003 must join reformed pension system (PAYG + fully funded)
  • Hired before January 1, 2003 had one-time option to join voluntary (up to December 31, 2005)
  • Those joining reformed system had future solidarity benefits reduced

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

contributions and benefits in the two pillar system
Contributions and benefits in the two-pillar system
  • Total contribution rate: 21.2% of gross wage
  • First pillar: 13.78%

old age (30%), disability and survivors pension, and minimum guarantee

  • Second pillar: 7.42 %

old age pension

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

second pillar statistics members
Second pillar statistics members

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia

slide54

Thank you for your attention!

Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Republic of Macedonia