WHAT IS PRESENTATION? • A presentation is an activity to express your ideas, a point of you in public or to an audience, or persuade the audience to take a certain decision.
THE AIMS OF PRESENTATION • All presentations are aimed at either providing information or doing persuasion.
HOW TO ORGANIZE IDEAS • Whenever you have determined a topic of presentation, you can organize the subtopics or your ideas in the following way. Having had an aim? If yes, structure your ideas and manage the time. Organizing ideas
1. Spider web (mind mapping) vocabulary by Heineich by Moon Teaching items definitions by Ytreberg Instructional Media for young learners structure comprehension visual functions types audio reinforcement audio visual internalization
HOW TO CONTROL OURSELVES • Body Language • Eye contact • Hands • Facial Expression • Posture and Movement • Gestures • Descriptive gesture • Emphatic gestures • Counting gestures • Attitude gestures • Fears • Nerves
Body Language Eye contact Hands
Body Language Facial Expression Posture & Movement
Gestures Descriptive gesture Emphatic gestures
Gestures Counting gestures Attitude gestures
Positive body language • Eye contact to keep audiences' attention (Asian audience might feel aggressed.) • Facial expressions should be natural and friendly. Don't forget to smile. • · raise eyebrows to show surprise • · open eyes wide • · squint your eyes • · knit your eyebrows to show consternation or puzzlement • Posture – stand straight but relaxed (do not slouch or lean) • Movement - to indicate a change of focus, keep the audience's attention • · move forward to emphasize • · move to one side to indicate a transition • Gesture • · up and down head motion or other movements to indicate importance • · pen or pointer to indicate a part, a place (on a transparency). • · shrug of the shoulders to indicate "I don't know!" • · hands - back and forth = two possibilities, more or less • · arm - movement back, forth
Negative body language • loss of eye contact: looking at notes, looking at screen, at the board, at the floor • don't stare, or look blankly into people's eyes • . swaying back and forth like a pendulum • back turned to the audience • nervous ticks • hands in pockets
Nerves Take a deep breath before you start, and try to be relaxed. Make the audience less scary. Check the facilities you will use, e.g. LCD, laptop, etc. Ask for a glass of water to relax the vocal cords. Order the notes you will use. Rearrange the facilities / place you will use. Don’t tap your fingers on the table or hold a pen and shake it gently. Rehearse at home and in the actual venue.
HOW TO CONTROL AUDIENCES • Audience arrival • Visual aids • Your voice • Language
Audience arrival • When your audience arrives, try to do the following things: • greet and meet them before the presentation start; • look for the audience needs; and • introduce the participant to each other.
Visual aids • In a presentation the use of the visual aids is of great assistance because they can attract the audience’s attention and help the content be understood easily. There are rules to follow if the visual aids are to be used, namely, they should: • Content simple and short messages • Be written clearly • Be relevant to the purpose in the presentation • Show contrasted color • Be written in a big letter.
Your voice • Another aspect you have to think of whenever you speak in front of an audience is how to control your voice. Use high volume to provide emphasis of a particular point. Make use of pauses, pitch, repetition, and variety of voice. Also clear voice is recommended.
Language • The best language to be used is simple and short. Use jargons to a particular audience only. Make use of anecdotes and analogies for variation and attractiveness.