Law codes types of government and leaders
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Law Codes, Types of government and leaders. Dynasty. Rulers from a single family. For example China. Theocracy. Government in which rule is based on religious authority. For example Egypt. Feudalism.

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Dynasty

  • Rulers from a single family. For example China.


Theocracy

  • Government in which rule is based on religious authority. For example Egypt.


Feudalism

  • A political system in which nobles, or lords, are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king in return for loyalty and military service to the king. For example Europe during Middle Ages.


Legalism

  • A government based on the system of rewards and punishments. For example in China under Qin Shi Huangdi.


Autocracy

  • A government that

    has unlimited power

    and uses it in an

    arbitrary manner. For

    example Qin Shi Huangdi.


Monarchy

  • A government ruled by single

    by a person,

    called a king. For

    example, Hugh Capet.


Aristocracy

  • A government ruled by

    a small group of noble,

    landowning families. For example in Athens.


Oligarchy

  • A government

    ruled by a few

    powerful people.

    for example,

    Sparta.


Tyranny

  • A government ran by a group

    of wealthy citizens who work for

    the interests of the ordinary

    people.

    Example – In Athens Solon and Draco.


Democracy

.

  • A government

    ruled by the

    people. Example,

    US.


Direct Democracy

.

A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives.

For example, Athens under Pericles.


Republic

  • A form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders. Through representatives. For example, ancient Rome.


Dictatorship

  • A form of government in which a leader who has absolute power to make laws and command the army. For example, Julius Caesar’s government.


Emperor

  • The ruler of an Empire. For Example, Augustus Caesar.


Hammurabi’s Code

  • Law code created by the Sumerian Leader Hammurabi based on the concept of an eye for an eye


The Ten Commandments


Draco’s law code


Twelve Tables during their exodus from Egypt

  • Codification of Roman Laws during the Republic


Justinian’s Code of Law


Shari’a during their exodus from Egypt

  • System of law which regulates the family life, moral conduct, and business and community life of Muslims.


Canon Law during their exodus from Egypt

  • The body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church.


The Magna during their exodus from EgyptCarta

  • The underlying principle of this document is that all must obey the law, even the king.


Common Law during their exodus from Egypt

  • A unified body of law formed from rulings of England’s royal judges that serve as the basis for law in many English-speaking countries today, including the US.


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