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Whole Grains - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Marty Tatara, RD, LD, SNS. Whole Grains. Types of Grains. Amaranth Barley Buckwheat Corn Kamut® (Wheat) Millet Oats Quinoa. Rice Rye Spelt (Wheat) Sorghum Teff Wheat Wild Rice. The Whole Grain. Recommended Grain Intake. Based on the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for

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types of grains
Types of Grains





Kamut® (Wheat)






Spelt (Wheat)




Wild Rice

recommended grain intake
Recommended Grain Intake

Based on the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for

Americans and MyPyramid recommendations:

At least HALF of daily intake should be whole grain.

Total recommended grain intake depends on:



Physical activity


Consume 3 or more ounce-equivalents of whole grain foods daily (2,000 calorie diet)

Examples of ounce-equivalents of grain foods:

1 slice of bread

1 cup ready-to-eat cereal

½ cup cooked rice, cooked

child nutrition program
Child Nutrition Program

“Grains/Breads” is the serving term

For a reimbursable meal, grain and bread ingredients and foods must be:

Enriched Refined Flour OR Whole Grain Ingredients

Bran and Germ also creditable

One Grains/Breads of bread products provides at least 14.75 g of enriched, whole-grain, bran, germ or acombination of these ingredients.

whole grains have key nutrients
Whole Grains have Key Nutrients

Dietary fiber helps to lower cholesterol and reduce heart disease

risk, assists with digestion and fullness with fewer calories.

B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin

and folate) aids metabolism, releasing energy from macronutrients,

nervous system, red blood cells.

Iron carries oxygen in the blood.

Magnesium helps build bones, helps release energy from muscles.

Selenium protects cells from oxidation, healthy immune system.

Manganese helps bone and connective tissue development.

Chromium assists in glucose and insulin regulation.

whole grain phytonutrients
Whole Grain Phytonutrients

Whole grains naturally contain phytonutrients

Phytonutrients are “plant substances” with beneficial effects on

health. They include:

Flavonoids, phenolics and phytoestrogens - act as antioxidants

Saponins, oligosaccharides, sphingolipids and stanols – may help

reduce cholesterol

Lectins and protease inhibitors – may help with immune function

Amylase inhibitors and fiber (resistant starch) – may help manage

blood glucose

Phytate, lignans – may help reduce cancer risk

Fiber – may assist with weight maintenance and digestive health

whole grain health benefits
Whole Grain Health Benefits

Whole grains help reduce risk for heart disease and some cancers in adults

Decreased Risk of heart disease by 25-36%

Decreased Risk of digestive system cancers by 21-43%

Decreased Risk of hormone-related cancers by 10-40%

Whole grains help reduce risk for stroke and


Decreased Risk of stroke by 36%

Decreased Risk of type 2 diabetes by 21-35% Whole grain intake is associated with weight maintenance

Decreased Risk of being overweight in adults and adolescents

identifying whole grains
Identifying Whole Grains
  • Product Name
  • Amount of Whole Grain
  • Grams or Ounce Equivalents
  • Ingredients
  • Symbols
  • FDA Approved Whole Grain
  • Health Claim
whole grains
Whole Grains
  • Look for Whole Grain Ingredients first or near the top of the ingredient list.
  • Look for the Whole Grains Council Stamp.
  • Look for the FDA Approved Whole Grain Health Claim
  • Product must contain 51% or more whole grain by product weight and meet other criteria for total fat saturated fat and cholesterol.
adding whole grains to your
Adding Whole Grains to Your

Gradually introduce whole wheat breads by switching to whole grain first

Substitute whole wheat pasta for white pasta

Substitute brown rice for white – try starting with a 50/50 mix, then gradually increase the percent of brown rice

Follow cooking instructions for best results