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The Revolutionary War. Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement. The French and Indian War (1754-1763) Fought over control of America Cost England a lot of money Called French and Indian War because Native Americans helped the French England Won.

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events that shaped the revolutionary movement
Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement
  • The French and Indian War (1754-1763)
    • Fought over control of America
    • Cost England a lot of money
    • Called French and Indian War because Native Americans helped the French
    • England Won
events that shaped the revolutionary movement3
Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement
  • British Imperial Policy (1763 – 1781)
    • England felt like it was losing control over the colonies.
    • These policies were created to keep the English Empire under control.
events that shaped the revolutionary movement4
Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement
  • The Stamp Act of 1765
    • Required colonists to buy government stamps for almost every paper document.
    • Colonist felt these taxes were unfair because they had no say.
    • “No taxation without representation!”
events that shaped the revolutionary movement5
Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement
  • Sons of Liberty 1765
    • Secret organization formed in Boston to protest Stamp Act
  • Sons of Liberty and Colonist Protested the Stamp Act by:
    • Writing letters to Parliament
    • Holding public meetings
    • Signing petitions
    • Boycotting or refusing to buy British goods.
    • Holding violent and Peaceful protest
  • Stamp Act was repealed in 1766
events that shaped the revolutionary movement6
Events That Shaped the Revolutionary Movement
  • Tea Tax 1773
    • Tax on tea
  • Boston Tea Party (December 1773)
    • Sons of Liberty disguised as Indians boarded a ship carrying tea and dumped 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor
    • Helped unite colonies against England
review
Review
  • What were the main events that shaped the revolutionary war?
    • The French and Indian War (1754-1763)
    • The Stamp Act of 1765
    • Sons of Liberty 1765
    • Tea Tax 1773
    • Boston Tea Party (December 1773)
review9
Review
  • How did the results of the French and Indian War contribute to the revolutionary movement in America?
    • It cost English tax payers a lot of money.
    • England imposed taxes on colonists to help pay for the war.
    • Colonist thought these taxes were unfair.
review10
Review
  • Why did the colonists believe British taxation policies in North America were unfair?
    • “No taxation without representation!”
review11
Review
  • How did the colonists and the Sons of Liberty protest British Imperial Policies in North America?
    • Wrote letters to Parliament
    • Held public meetings and signed petitions.
    • Boycotted or refused to buy British goods.
    • Held violent and peaceful protest
      • Boston Tea Party
the declaration of independence14
The Declaration of Independence
  • First Continental Congress 1774
    • Delegates from all the colonies except GA.
    • Discussed problems colonist were having with England
  • Second Continental Congress 1775
    • Discussed breaking away from England
    • Decided to write a document declaring their independence (The Declaration of Independence)
  • Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration
    • Adopted on July 4, 1776
the declaration of independence15
The Declaration of Independence
  • The Declaration was written to respond to tyranny and the abuse of power by King George III.
    • Colonists felt they were denied freedom
    • Colonists wanted to rule themselves
    • They wanted to France on their side.
the declaration of independence16
The Declaration of Independence
  • The Declaration was written in three parts:
    • Part I: Why the Declaration was needed
    • Part II: Beliefs about government
    • Part III: Complaints about English rule
    • Part IV: Declared Independence from Great Britain
  • http://classroom.monticello.org/kids/resources/download/29/Audio-of-the-Declaration-of-Independence-mp3/
review17
Review
  • What was the purpose of writing the Declaration of Independence?
    • To respond to tyranny and the abuse of power by King George III.
    • To declare their independence from England
review18
Review
  • Who wrote the Declaration of Independence and how was it written?
    • Thomas Jefferson
    • It was written in four parts:
      • Part I: Why the Declaration was needed
      • Part II: Beliefs about government
      • Part III: Complaints about English rule
      • Part IV: Declared Independence from England
review19
Review
  • How was the Declaration of Independence a response to tyranny and the abuse of power?
    • It showed that colonists felt they were denied freedom.
    • It showed that colonists wanted to rule themselves.
key individuals
Key Individuals

Thomas Jefferson

Author of the Declaration of Independence

3rd president of the USA

key individuals23
Key Individuals

King George III

King of England during the Revolution

Tyrant

Abused Power

key individuals24
Key Individuals

George Washington

Commander in Chief of the Continental Army

1st President of USA

key individuals26
Key Individuals

John Adams

Leader of the Sons of Liberty

Declaration Committee member

2nd President of the USA

key individuals27
Key Individuals

Benjamin Franklin

Talked to France into helping the colonies

Declaration committee member

Inventor and Scientist

key individuals29
Key Individuals

Patrick Henry

Patriot Leader

“I know not what course others may take, but as for me give me liberty, or give me death!”

key individuals30
Key Individuals

Benedict Arnold

Former Continental Army officer who turned against the Americans and joined the British Army

“Traitor!!!”

review31
Review
  • Who were the key individuals in the American Revolution?
    • King George III
    • George Washington
    • John Adams
    • Benjamin Franklin
    • Patrick Henry
    • Thomas Jefferson
    • Benedict Arnold
major events of the revolutionary war
Major Events of the Revolutionary War
  • Fighting at Lexington and Concord (April 19, 1775)
    • British troops were sent to Lexington and Concord to find a storehouse of weapons.
    • Minute men Knew the British (Red Coats) were coming and were ready.
    • The colonists had moved the weapons.
    • Shots were fired “The shots heard around the world!”
    • Eight Patriots died
    • The British Marched back to Boston and were attacked by Minutemen hiding along the road.
    • This marked the beginning of the American Revolution.
major events of the revolutionary war34
Major Events of the Revolutionary War
  • George Washington was named the Commander in Chief of the American Continental Army
  • The challenges Washington faced were huge.
slide35

Patriots

Red Coats / British

Made up of Professional soldiers

Highly Trained

Many Soldiers

Plenty of supplies

Proper Uniforms

Made up of volunteers

Under trained

Unmanned

Few supplies

No proper uniforms

Many were English

major events of the revolutionary war36
Major Events of the Revolutionary War
  • Battle of Saratoga (1777)
    • Turning point of War!
    • Americans defeat British
    • France joins forces with America
major events of the revolutionary war37
Major Events of the Revolutionary War
  • Battle of Yorktown (1781)
    • British surrendered and America won its independence
    • England’s Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington.
    • American won its independence!
review39
Review
  • What were the major events and battles of the Revolutionary War?
    • Lexington and Concord (April 19,1775)
    • George Washington named Commander in Chief.
    • Battle of Saratoga (1777)
    • Battle of Yorktown (1781)
review40
Review
  • What is the significance of the Battle of Lexington and Concord?
    • It marked the beginning of the American Revolution.
review41
Review
  • Why was the Battle of Saratoga called “The turning point,” of the American Revolution?
    • France saw that was possible Americans could win so they decided to join the Americans.
review42
Review
  • Why was the Battle of Yorktown the final battle of the American Revolution?
    • The British surrendered