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The Expository Essay
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  1. The Expository Essay

  2. What is an expository essay? • An expository essay explains, about the topic. • Expository essays use facts and statistical information, cause and effect relationships, or examples.

  3. What is an expository essay? • Since expository essays are factual, they are written without emotion and usually written in the third person. That means that the use of the pronoun "I" is not usually found within the essay.

  4. Purposes of an Expository Essay • Explains • Informs • Identifies/Defines • Expands • Exposes • Investigates • Clarifies

  5. Patterns of Organization • Chronological • Cause/effect • Compare/Contrast • Problem/Solution • Description • Process Order

  6. Elements of an Effective Expository Essay • The essay has a controlling idea- thesis statement • This is a statement that controls what to include in the essay. • This is usually found in the introduction • There are no set number for paragraphs • Captures the reader with a STRONG lead • Remains objective… can not be biased • A definite pattern for organization • Transition words are used to move ideas from one to another

  7. Elements cont. • Uses vivid words and interesting vocabulary to engage the reader • Uses Rhetorical Schemes ….(See Slide 9) • Uses a variety of sentence forms • Uses comparisons to build images for the reader • All paragraphs support the controlling idea/thesis • Individual Paragraphs are supported with factual information • Paraphrases • Text evidence in the form of TLQ (transition, lead-in, quote) • Narrative anecdotes that help explain the idea

  8. Expository essays also have a distinct format. • The main idea (thesis statement) must be narrow enough to be supported by everything in the essay. • Each paragraph must have a topic sentence and all other sentences must relate directly to it. • Transition words or phrases are important as they help the flow and reinforce the logic.

  9. Format (cont’d) • Finally, the conclusion paragraph should originally restate the main idea (thesis) and the main supporting ideas. Finish with the a statement that reinforces your position in a meaningful and memorable way. • Never introduce new material in the conclusion. This should highlight the most important pieces of the essay • Leaves the reader with a final though (Rhetorical Question)

  10. Schemes of Rhetoric • Anaphora….Definition: The repetition of a sequence of words in neighboring clauses. • Example- “Never shall I forget that night, the first night in camp….Never Shall I forget that smoke. Never shall I forget the little faces of the children.” (Elie Weisel, Night) • Parallel Structure: the repetition of a chosen grammatical form. • Example- “John Taylor Gatto criticizes public schools because they require students to attend, receive money from the government, and destroy students humanity.” (Evergreen Writing Center)

  11. Paraphrase verses Plagiarism • Paraphrase • A rewording of a text or passage. • A restatement of text or passage in a new form. • Plagiarism • The act of using someone else’s words without giving credit to the author • Largely keeping the authors words and sentence structure, and only changing a few words.

  12. Expository Prompt • Writing Situation: Tragedy affects many people. • What is a tragedy you recall? How did it affect the people involved? • Directions for Writing: Now explain in an essay a tragedy you recall (personal experience, or you heard about it, read about it, or saw something about it). Discuss the affects of this tragedy with examples and details.

  13. Transition Word: Transition Word: Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ Topic sentence or thesis statement (will become basis for introductory paragraph) • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________

  14. Transition Word: Transition Word: Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Conclusion: (Complete sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ THESIS STATEMENT: The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________

  15. Transition Word: In the begin-ning, Transition Word: Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Conclusion: (Complete sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm struck the Mississippi Gulf Coast directly and caused a lot of damage. Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ THESIS STATEMENT: : The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________

  16. Transition Word: In the begin-ning, Transition Word: Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Conclusion: (Complete sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm struck the Mississippi Gulf Coast directly and caused a lot of damage. Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted trees. • The storm surge flooded the coast for several miles inland. • Some people died, and many others were injured. THESIS STATEMENT: The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________

  17. Transition Word: In the begin-ning, Transition Word: However, Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm also affected New Orleans in many ways. Conclusion: (Complete sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm struck the Mississippi Gulf Coast directly and caused a lot of damage. Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted trees. • The storm surge flooded the coast for several miles inland. • Some people died, and many others were injured. THESIS STATEMENT: The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________

  18. Transition Word: In the begin-ning, Transition Word: However, Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm also affected New Orleans in many ways. Conclusion: (Complete sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm struck the Mississippi Gulf Coast directly and caused a lot of damage. Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted trees. • The storm surge flooded the coast for several miles inland. • Some people died, and many others were injured. • The city was flooded with several feet of water from the storm surge. • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead to more flooding. • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and the Mississippi River. THESIS STATEMENT: The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________

  19. Transition Word: In the begin-ning, Transition Word: However, Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm also affected New Orleans in many ways. Conclusion: (Complete sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm struck the Mississippi Gulf Coast directly and caused a lot of damage. Transition Word: Finally, Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm affected the people in these areas deeply. • The city was flooded with several feet of water from the storm surge. • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead to more flooding. • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and the Mississippi River. • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted trees. • The storm surge flooded the coast for several miles inland. • Some people died, and many others were injured. THESIS STATEMENT: The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • _____________________________________ ______________________________________ • ____________________________________ _____________________________________ • ____________________________________ _____________________________________

  20. Transition Word: In the begin-ning, Transition Word: However, Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm also affected New Orleans in many ways. Conclusion: (Complete sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm struck the Mississippi Gulf Coast directly and caused a lot of damage. Transition Word: Finally, Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm affected the people in these areas deeply. • The city was flooded with several feet of water from the storm surge. • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead to more flooding. • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and the Mississippi River. • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted trees. • The storm surge flooded the coast for several miles inland. • Some people died, and many others were injured. THESIS STATEMENT: : The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. • Many of them were left homeless. • Many of them lost family members. • Some people had to make new lives in different cities. • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________

  21. Transition Word: In the begin-ning, Transition Word: However, Transition Word: As a result, Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm also affected New Orleans in many ways. Conclusion: Hurricane Katrina was a storm few will forget. Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm struck the Mississippi Gulf Coast directly and caused a lot of damage. Transition Word: Finally, Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm affected the people in these areas deeply. • The city was flooded with several feet of water from the storm surge. • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead to more flooding. • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and the Mississippi River. • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted trees. • The storm surge flooded the coast for several miles inland. • Some people died, and many others were injured. THESIS STATEMENT: : The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. • Many of them were left homeless. • Many of them lost family members. • Some people had to make new lives in different cities. • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________

  22. Transition Word: In the begin-ning, Transition Word: However, Transition Word: As a result, Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm also affected New Orleans in many ways. Conclusion: Hurricane Katrina was a storm few will forget. Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm struck the Mississippi Gulf Coast directly and caused a lot of damage. Transition Word: Finally, Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) The storm affected the people in these areas deeply. • The city was flooded with several feet of water from the storm surge. • Since the city rests below sea level, that lead to more flooding. • The worst happened when the levies broke, leading to tremendous flooding from Lake Ponchartrain and the Mississippi River. • Storm winds destroyed buildings and uprooted trees. • The storm surge flooded the coast for several miles inland. • Some people died, and many others were injured. THESIS STATEMENT: : The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. • People in Mississippi will recall the many towns destroyed. • People in New Orleans will remember the floods after the levies broke. • Six years later, many people still are trying to rebuild their lives. • Many of them were left homeless. • Many of them lost family members. • Some people had to make new lives in different cities.

  23. Developing the introductory paragraph. THESIS STATEMENT: The tragedy that affected many people was Hurricane Katrina. Use a HOOK to engage the reader: • The Hook(PowerPoint  Download) August 29 started out as a normal day, with a storm brewing in the Gulf of Mexico. But by the end of the day, this storm, named Katrina, would leave massive destruction in its wake.

  24. The concluding paragraph The concluding paragraph: • Restates the main idea or thesis • Summarizes the supporting ideas • Ends with a punch!

  25. The concluding paragraph As a result of all the damage and lives lost, Hurricane Katrina has become storm few can forget. People in Mississippi will recall the many towns destroyed. People in New Orleans will remember the floods after the levies broke. Six years later, many people still are trying to rebuild their lives.

  26. Expository Writing Prompt Use Read, Think, Write Model – STARR Format. Example: • Read“38 People Who Saw Murder and Didn’t Call the Police” by Martin Gansberg and “The Day the Earth Moved” by Nancy Gibbs. • Thinkabout how Martin Gansberg and Nancy Gibbs explain what happens after people witness a tragedy. • Writean expository essay that explains how the public responded to the events using an appropriate organizational pattern. Use textual evidence from both sources to clarify your response.

  27. Expository Essay Graphic Organizer • Utilize the four square graphic organizer template to develop an expository essay. Print the Expository Graphic Organizer

  28. Transition Word: Transition Word: Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Transition Word: Supporting reason or idea 1: (Complete Sentence) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ Topic sentence or thesis statement (will become basis for introductory paragraph) • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________ • __________________________ __________________________