Expository Essay What is it? How does it differ from the persuasive essay?
Content requirements —for ANY essay: • Focus • Several key ideas • Elaboration using • specifics • vivid details • Logical organization • Cohesive devices
What’s the dif? • PERSUASIVE ESSAY • It’s an argument • You are convincing your audience that your view is the right view • You depend upon logic and facts to sway the audience with a selling/preaching tone • EXPOSITORY ESSAY • It’s a discussion • You are making something clear to the audience, so the subject matter is understood • You depend upon illustration and a show-and-tell/teaching tone PERSUADE EXPOSE
ways to organize The number of body paragraphs in your essay is determined by the way you choose to organize your information. Source: “Expository Writing” Stanford University
Expository development is key! • Narrative elements • Explanations • Ideas for insight • Facts • Experiences --TELL A FULL STORY—YOURS, ONE FROM LITERATURE, OR FILM . . . -- REASONS FOR THIS SITUATION: YOU KNOW—THOSE EXCUSES YOU ALWAYS MAKE!! -- IDEAS THAT WILL MAKE US UNDERSTAND YOUR WORLD --STATISTICS, DATA, EVENTS, FROM HISTORY OR SCIENCE . . . --PARTICULAR EVENTS (VS. THE WHOLE STORY) OR MOMENTS expository options what you might add
“Using an example from” • LITERATURE • HISTORY • SCIENCE • FILM • EXPERIENCE AND OBSERVATION
Sample questions from DOE • In the Crime of Sylvester Bonnard, French writer Anatole France writes, “To know is nothing at all; to imagine is everything.” Why might one argue that imagination is more valuable than facts? Using an example from literature, history, science, film, or your own experience or observation, write an essay analyzing the worth of imagination. • Although fear is a common human emotion, our responses to it varies. Using an example from literature, history, science, film, or your own experience or observation, write an essay analyzing a particular response to fear and the effect of that response.
Many times in life, we experience or suffer a conflict between what we “ought to do” and what we “want to do.” Choose a time when life presented this dilemma either to you or to someone else. Using an example from literature, history, science, film, or your own experience, write an essay describing the two conflicting choices and explaining the consequences of the decision made. [from NJ HSPA Student Preparation Booklet] • Literature: Scarlet Letter • Arthur Dimmesdale ought to confess that he is the father of Pearl • History: Puritan Code of Laws • In the early 1700s the average colonist would live everyday life according to Blue Laws which meant they would not travel on Sundays • Science: the emergence of AIDS • When the AIDS virus was first identified, the US government could warn the population of this deadly new disease and offer an information campaign to educate the public about its prevention. • Film: Twilight • Bella ought to avoid being in love with a vampire… • Own experience??? • Literature Scarlet Letter • Dimmesdale wants to be a perfect minister, offering parishioners a place to confess their sins • History: Puritan Code of Laws • The Puritans would sometimes want to just get away from all the pressures and laws of the society in which they lived, wanting to sneak off away from it all. • Science: the emergence of AIDS • Rather than cause panic, because the disease only affected a limited population—the “4 H’s” (Haitians, homosexuals, heroin users, hemophiliacs), the US government could soften the news, saying it only affected a few and could not spread to the general population. • Film: Twilight • Bella cannot resist Edward’s love….. • Own experience??? “OUGHT TO DO” “WANT TO DO”
“choose a time” or “use an example” • THIS MEANS YOU WILL FOCUS ON ONE AND ONLY ONE PARTICULAR THING, AS IN: • Dimmesdale’schoices in Scarlet Letter • Puritan’s Code of Laws • US government’s early health policy on AIDS • Bella’s choices in Twilight
How much time do I have? TBA- most likely 25-30 minutes…you will have 2 sides of looseleaf to write the answer Choose to write details from most-to-least important—if you run out of time, the best is included!
Your question • Although anger is a common human emotion, our expression of it varies. Using an example from literature, history, science, film, or your own experience or observation, write an essay analyzing a particular expression of anger and the effect of that episode.