1 / 18

Reproduction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Reproduction. Male reproductive system. Female reproductive system. The menstrual cycle. P repares the ovaries for ovulation and the uterus for implantation. Starts at the age of puberty. Each cycle lasts on average 28 days.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Reproduction' - taylor-buckner

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Male reproductive system

Female reproductive system

The menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle

  • Prepares the ovaries for ovulation and the uterus for implantation.

  • Starts at the age of puberty.

  • Each cycle lasts on average 28 days.

  • The purpose of the menstrual cycle is to release an egg or ovum (ovulation) for possible fertilization and later implantation into the endometrium.

  • This inner lining of the uterus is not maintained if there is no implantation.

  • The breakdown of the blood vessels leads to the menstrual bleeding (menstruation) of a typical cycle.

Effects of fsh and lh on the ovaries
Effects of FSH and LH on the ovaries:

In vitro fertilization
In-vitro Fertilization:

  • Some couples are unable to bear children for a wide variety of possible reasons, including:

    • Males with low sperm count

    • Males with impotence (failure to achieve or maintain an erection)

    • Females who cannot ovulate normally;

    • Females with blocked Fallopian tubes.

    • Reproductive technologies have been developed to overcome these situations. One of them is in-vitro fertilization (IVF)

Steps of an ivf include
Steps of an IVF include:

  • Inject the woman with FSH for 10 days to ensure the production of several Graafian follicles

  • Surgical harvest of the eggs (oocytes

  • The man ejaculates in a container to obtain sperm cells and these are mixed in separate culture dishes.

  • Fertilized ova (2 or 3) are introduced into the woman´s uterus for implantation.


  • Imagine a panel put together to debate the pros and cons of IVF. Give three pro or con arguments that would be likely to be given by each of the following panel members.

    • Health insurance executive

    • Man or woman who needs IVF to have a child.

    • Religious representative

    • Administrator from an IVF clinic.

  • One method of birth control known as tubal ligation involves tying off and then surgically cutting the Fallopian tubes (oviducts). This is considered to be a permanent form of birth control even through it is sometimes possible to surgically reverse the procedure. Do a web search on the male equivalent of this procedure which is known as a vasectomy.

    • How is a vasectomy performed?

    • Should a vasectomy be considered a permanent form of birth control?


  • Damon, A., McGonegal, R., Tosto , P., & Ward, W. (2007). Biology Higher Level. New Jersey: Pearson.