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European XFEL Project: Status and Research Applications. Moscow, Jun 17, 2008 Serguei L. Molodtsov European XFEL Project, Hamburg, Germany. June 5, 2007: Official Launch of the Project !. The European XFEL Limited Liability Company.

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european xfel project status and research applications

European XFEL Project: Status and Research Applications

Moscow, Jun 17, 2008

Serguei L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, Hamburg, Germany

june 5 2007 official launch of the project
June 5, 2007: Official Launch of the Project!

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

the european xfel limited liability company
The European XFEL Limited Liability Company

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

xfel international contributions
XFEL International Contributions

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

xfel committees collaborating institutes
XFEL, Committees, Collaborating Institutes

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

slide6
S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

peak brilliance of x ray sources vs time
Peak Brilliance of X-Ray Sources vs. Time

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

european xfel in the international context
European XFEL in the International Context

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

european xfel user facility parameters
European XFEL User Facility Parameters

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

first undulators and beamlines
First Undulators and Beamlines
  • Concentrate on SASE radiation
    • provide as large as possible photon energy range
    • for soft X-rays start with linear polarization
    • enable use of harm./spont. emission in SASE beamlines

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

photon energy ranges of applications
SASE 1

Energy [keV]

0.1

1.0

10.0

100

Spectroscopy on

Small Quantum Systems

Structure determination

by diffraction

10

1.0

0.1

Wavelength [nm]

Dynamics of nanoscale

systems by PCS

Magnetism by

PCS & CDI

Imaging nanosystems

Generate HED samples

Absorption spectroscopy

Photon Energy Ranges of Applications

SASE 2

SASE 3

spont. radiation U 1, U 2

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

selection of first instruments
Selection of First Instruments

Hard X-rays

Soft

X-rays

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

sase 1 sase 2 sase 3 beamlines
SASE 1, SASE 2, SASE 3 beamlines
  • SASE 1 (12.4 keV)
  • SPB & MID instruments
    • emphasis on coherent x-ray beam
    • coherent diffraction and XPCS application
  • SASE 2 (3.1 – 12.4 keV)
  • FDE & HED instruments
    • emphasis on pump-probe applications : X-ray/X-ray & opt./X-ray
  • SASE 3 (600 – 3000 eV)
  • SQS instrument
    • emphasis on high intensity; X-ray/X-ray & opt./X-ray pump-probe
  • SCS instrument
    • emphasis on coherent x-ray beam; coherent diffraction & XPCS

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

femtochemistry
Femtochemistry
  • Capturing chemical reactions on film

A chemical reaction is triggered by a laser flash. A second laser pulse is then sent at varying intervals after the first one to take instantaneous snapshots.

"Filming" chemical reactions using ultra-fast lasers.

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

structural biology
Structural Biology
  • Shedding light on biomolecules

Protein DNA complexes are often very large and difficult to crystallize. The X-ray laser opens up possibilities to unravel their structure and function in the living organism without the need for crystallization.

Biomolecules are destroyed by intense X-ray radiation. In order to obtain a usable image of the biomolecule, the image must be recorded very quickly.

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

material reserach
Material Reserach
  • Developing new materials

Various models explaining stick-slip friction.This phenomenon arises when a sliding film alternately melts (due to shear force) and freezes. A better understanding of the sliding phase (c) and how to prevent freezing (d) could help reduce frictional losses. Using intense X-ray radiation physicists investigate friction on an atomic level.

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

cluster physics
Cluster Physics
  • When less is more

When matter is irradiated with very intense light, unusual processes occur which do not happen after irradiation with less intense light.

Model calculation of a copper particle with 17000 atoms - a cluster which plays a role in catalytic processes.

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

plasma physics
Plasma Physics
  • A different state of matter

With an X-ray laser, plasmas can be created that are as hot as the interiors of giant stars. At the same time, it will be possible to investigate the plasmas so created at varying intervals with another part of the laser beam and thus to conduct research into the plasma state.

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

slide19
You are very welcome to plan

your experiments at the European XFEL

S.L. Molodtsov

European XFEL Project, 17-Jun-08

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