(1903-1950). Orwell was a Socialist. Socialist: someone who believes that the government should own businesses so that everyone will be equal. He desired a society in which separate classes would not exist. It's a Fable. It's an Allegory.
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Socialist:someone who believes that the government should own businesses so that everyone will be equal
in which separate classes
would not exist.
It's an Allegory
Most fables have two levels of meaning. On the surface, the fable is about animals. But on a second level, the animals stand for types of people or ideas. The way the animals interact and the way the plot unfolds says something about the nature of people or the value of ideas. Any type of fiction that has multiple levels of meaning in this way is called an allegory.
A written work making fun of something, usually political.
Animal Farm satirizes the Russian Revolution because it was a failure.
Russian Revolution: arose in Russia when the nation’s workers & peasants rebelled against and overwhelmed the wealthy and powerful classes.
First. He was a harsh ruler
But helped the people at first
Joseph Stalin &
control of the
He began his
1. Freedom &
must be guarded
2. Language is a
it can enslave
and confuse us.
3. Weakness can be
4. Hope & vision
must be kept alive,
or we might
live like the
5. Power corrupts,
and absolute power
Farmer JonesA drunk and a poor farmer,
his cruelty towards the farm animals
inspires their rebellion.
SnowballA clever pig with a head for ideas,
he becomes one of the main
leaders of Animal Farm and
the author of its central commandments.
NapoleonA pig with a gift for techniques of control,
he establishes most of the
farm’s rules and eventually
becomes its sole leader.
Old Major An elderly show pig whose
instruction to the animals
about "animalism" becomes
the philosophical basis
for the creation of Animal Farm.
SquealerA pig with the ability to make any
idea sound reasonable,
he is Napoleon's side-kick
and is in charge of communicating
to the animals.
BoxerA strong and hard-working carthorse,
he shows tremendous
faith in the rebellion and its leaders.