(1903-1950). Real Name : Eric Blair British Political Novelist Born: To English parents in India. After his father retired, Eric and his family moved back to England. He was sent to boarding school at the age of eight to prepare for Eton , an exclusive prep school.
British Political Novelist
Born: To English parents in India
He was sent to boarding school at the age of eight to prepare for Eton, an exclusive prep school.
Because he had a scholarship, he was teased and humiliated frequently.
At eighteen, he passed the Empire’s Civil Service Exam and became a police officer in Burma.
Returned in Europe
because he felt guilty for
the job he had
done in Burma -
for having been a
part of an oppressive government.
as a way to
problems of the
oppressed and helpless
one of them.
Socialist:someone who believes that the government should own businesses so that everyone will be equal
His hatred for:
in which separate classes
would not exist.
It's an Allegory
Most fables have two levels of meaning. On the surface, the fable is about animals. But on a second level, the animals stand for types of people or ideas. The way the animals interact and the way the plot unfolds says something about the nature of people or the value of ideas. Any type of fiction that has multiple levels of meaning in this way is called an allegory.
A composition making fun of something, usually political.
Animal Farm makes fun of political society after the Bolshevik Revolution.
Russian society in the early twentieth century had two social classes: a tiny minority (bourgeoisie) controlled the country’s wealth.
The working class was called theproletariat.
Communism arose in Russia when the nation’s workers & peasants rebelled against and overwhelmed the wealthy and powerful class of capitalists & aristocrats.
on Karl Marx and his
action was . . .
monarch of Russia,
in the name of
Joseph Stalin &
control of the
He began his
1. Freedom &
must be guarded
2. Language is a
it can enslave
and confuse us.
3. Weakness can be
4. Hope & vision
must be kept alive,
or we might
live like the
5. Power corrupts,
and absolute power
Farmer JonesA drunk and a poor farmer,
his cruelty towards the farm animals
inspires their rebellion.
SnowballA clever pig with a head for ideas,
he becomes one of the main
leaders of Animal Farm and
the author of its central commandments.
Boar who becomes one of the rebellion’s most valuable leaders.
After drawing complicated plans for the construction of a windmill, he is chased off of the farm forever by Napoleon’s dogs and thereafter used as a scapegoat for the animals’ troubles.
A pure communist leader who was influenced by the teachings of Karl Marx.
He wanted to improve life for people in Russia, but was driven away by Lenin’s KGB.Snowball = Leon Trotsky
NapoleonA pig with a gift for techniques of control,
he establishes most of the
farm’s rules and eventually
becomes its sole leader.
Boar who leads the rebellion against Farmer Jones
After the rebellion’s success, he systematically begins to control all aspects of the farm until he is an undisputed tyrant.
The communist dictator of the Soviet Union from 1922-1953 who killed all who opposed him.
He loved power and used the KGB (secret police) to enforce his ruthless, corrupt antics.Napoleon = Joseph Stalin
Old Major An elderly show pig whose
instruction to the animals
about "animalism" becomes
the philosophical basis
for the creation of Animal Farm.
An old boar whose speech about the evils perpetrated by humans rouses the animals into rebelling.
His philosophy concerning the tyranny of Man is named Animalism.
He teaches the animals the song “Beasts of England”
Dies before revolution
The inventor of communism
Wants to unite the working class to overthrow the government.
Dies before the Russian RevolutionCharacters
SquealerA pig with the ability to make any
idea sound reasonable,
he is Napoleon's side-kick
and is in charge of communicating
to the animals.
BoxerA strong and hard-working carthorse,
he shows tremendous
faith in the rebellion and its leaders.
Dedicated, but Tricked Supporters
KGB (Secret Police)
Moses the Raven
Mollie the Mare
Vain, selfish Russian people
Was supposed to make life better for all, but . . .
Life was worse at the end.
The leaders became the same as, or worse than the other farmers (humans) they rebelled against.
Was supposed to fix the problems created by the Czar, but . . .
Life was even worse after the revolution.
Stalin made the Czar look like a nice guy.Animal Farm Revolution = Russian Revolution
Pilkington Jones' neighbor, he finds a way to profit from Animal Farm by forming an alliance with the pigs.
MurielA goat who believes in the rebellion, she watches as Animal Farm slips away from its founding principles.
The SheepNot tremendously clever, the sheep remind themselves of the principles of animalism by chanting "four legs good, two legs bad."