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UPDATE Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Ric Mellon Executive Director ABATE of Wisconsin, Inc. MRF Meeting of the Minds 2012 . 2005 examination JD DePaolantonio, MRF BOD, ABATE of AZ . The United States has one of the best surface transportation systems in the world

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update intelligent transportation systems its

UPDATE Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)

Ric Mellon

Executive Director

ABATE of Wisconsin, Inc.

MRF Meeting of the Minds 2012

2005 examination jd depaolantonio mrf bod abate of az
2005 examinationJD DePaolantonio, MRF BOD, ABATE of AZ
  • The United States has one of the best surface transportation systems in the world
  • In many areas of the country, we no longer have the option to build additional roadways to meet increasing demand due to the lack of suitable land to build on, limited financial resources, and environmental impact issues
  • There is no single answer to the set of complex transportation problems that face the nation. However, new technologies in computing, sensing, and communications, commonly referred to as ITS technologies, are opening up new possibilities
  • Some are simply better ways of doing old things, like traffic control, but some are entirely new, such as dynamic route guidance and accident avoidance
  • The Risk here is that generally, the motorcycle is not typically included in the thought process of designing and deploying these new technologies
overview 2005 jd depaolantonio mrf bod abate of az
Overview 2005JD DePaolantonio, MRF BOD, ABATE of AZ
  • The ITS grew out of a small piece of the transportation bill in 1992
  • Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) is the application of computers,

communications and sensor technology to surface transportation

  • Safety on the nation’s surface transportation system is an ITS concern. In 2001 there were 42116 people killed and another 3.03 million injured in traffic accidents involving automobiles. (Statistics from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics Website – National Transportation Statistics 2003 report)Once again, no mention of motorcycles in their data
  • Homeland security is expected to exact new demands on the U.S. surface transportation system after the terrorist events of September 11th
  • ITS is positioning technology as having the ability to potentially save a large portion of these fatalities, as stated in an Executive Summary Document from ITS. Interesting point to note, is that there is no mention of motorcycle fatalities and how (or even if) technology can be applied to save these fatalities as well.
2012 and beyond
2012 and beyond
  • America’s transportation infrastructure is at a crossroads.
  • State transportation revenues are not keeping pace with escalating construction costs and burgeoning travel demand.
  • ITS is now an integral facet of the transportation plan going forward.
  • Advanced applications and systems being designed/developed/implemented providing services relating to different modes of transportation and traffic.
2012 and beyond1
2012 and beyond
  • Information Collection
  • iPass
  • Transportation Fencing
  • Tiered Licensing
  • Vehicle Logs (private and commercial – passive/active)
  • Traffic Congestion assessment
  • Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Technologies Program
  • Vehicle Navigation
  • Homeland Security
  • Vehicle control capability
  • Weather Related
intelligent transport systems
Intelligent Transport Systems
  • Governmental activity in the area of ITS in the United States – is further motivated by an increasing focus on Homeland Security.
  • Many proposed ITS systems involve surveillance of the roadways, a priority of homeland security.
  • Funding of many systems comes either directly through homeland security organizations or with their approval.
  • Much of the infrastructure and planning involved with ITS parallels the need for homeland security systems
its vision
ITS Vision

A safer, more responsive, and more efficient national transportation system via the continued application of ITS

2012

USA Private/Gov spendingexceeds

$1,000,000,000

>$10 billion globally

1980’s

Mobility

2000

1991 ISTEA

1996 AHS

1997 TEA-21

2005 SAFETEA-LU

2005 RITA Created

2007 ESV Program

2010 Transportation Safety Council

rita research and innovative technology admin
RITA Research and Innovative Technology Admin.
  • RITA was created by the Research and Special Program Improvement Act 2005. RITA is “A DOT administration that combines research-driven innovation and entrepreneurship to ensure a safe and robust transportation network.”
  • Formed from several existing parts of USDOT:
    • The Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS)
    • The Office of Research, Development and Technology
    • The Office of Intermodalism
    • The John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center in Cambridge, MA,
    • The Transportation Safety Institute (TSI)
    • The Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Joint Programs Office
the its vision
The ITS Vision
  • A small part of the early ISTEA funding was spent on developing a National ITS Architecture. The National ITS Architecture provides a common structure for the design of intelligent transportation systems. It includes information and services. This has now matured and is being expanded.
  • Traffic Management Centers (TMC) are examples of architecture. These centers and providers exist in most metropolitan areas.
  • These centers provide services to other agencies by collecting data from various sources in both raw and disseminated values.
  • For personal travel, each travel customer has a User Profilethat comprises characteristics of both the user and the vehicles they operate.
    • MAC addresses
    • Vehicle subscriber
    • Other opportunities
vehicle profile
Vehicle Profile
  • ON-BOARD instrumentation

• On-board computing

• On-board databases (e.g. digitized maps)

• Communication capability (e.g. GPS, Cellular, Satellite, Radio, Wi-Fi)

• User interfaces, (e.g. voice, display)

• Driver-aid equipment available on-board (e.g. adaptive cruise control, braking, throttle management, parking assist and driverless)

  • Personal characteristics

• Regular travel destinations

• Route type preference (highway versus side streets)

• Preferred user interfaces

• Information needs

• Pay-for-service subscriptions

its architecture
ITS Architecture
  • Provides a common structure for the design of intelligent transportation systems
  • Not a system design but a framework around which multiple design approaches can be developed
  • Architecture defines the functions that must be performed to implement a given user service
  • But more importantly, it identifies and specifies the requirements for the standards needed to support national and regional interoperability
  • Subsystems are individual pieces of the overall Intelligent Transportation System
  • Regional architectures leverage all or just parts of the overall architecture proposed by ITS. States/municipalities decide on what is deployed
national its architecture goals 7 0
National ITS Architecture Goals7.0
  • Increase operational efficiency and capacity of the transportation system
  • Commercial Vehicle operations
  • Improve the safety of the Nation’s transportation system
  • Connected Vehicle Program
  • Active Traffic Management
  • Roadway User Pricing
  • Reduce energy consumption and environmental costs
  • Enhance the present and future economic productivity of individuals, organizations and the economy as a whole
intelligent vehicle initiative
Intelligent Vehicle Initiative
  • Program Goal: Reduce motor vehicle crashes and incidents by accelerating the development, introduction and commercialization of driver assistance products.
  • ITS technologies have been encapsulated in a collection of interrelated user services for application to the nation’s surface transportation problems. To date, thirty- three user services have been identified.
  • Four Platforms: Light Vehicles, Transit vehicles, Commercial vehicles and Specialty vehicles.
  • Eight Problem Areas: Rear-end, Lane change/merge, Road departure, Intersection, Vision enhancement, Vehicle stability, Driver condition, Safety impacts of other services.

Motorcycles are not included

intelligent vehicle initiative1
Intelligent Vehicle Initiative
  • Driver Warning
  • Recommending Control Actions
  • Intervening with Driver Control
  • Introducing temporary or partial automated control of the vehicle in selected situations
  • Application of selected motorist information services
  • Integration of sensors, actuators, processors, control systems and driver displays
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Studies specific to motorcycles have yet to be conducted since inception
  • Potential does exist for enhancing motorcycle safety, yet incorporation of motorcycles has yet to occur to date in the United States.
  • NHTSA identified and has requested motorcycles be included in ITS, but no significant efforts can be determined.
  • The motorcycling community has not been a significant part of the creation of these standards, and as such risks being by-product of the standards
  • Collision avoidance systems in place show some consideration has been given to the effect of motorcycles
  • The MRF continues to monitor ITS
information
Information
  • The Intelligent Transportation System

http://www.itsa.org

  • The Intelligent Transportation System World Congress

http://www.itsworldcongress.org

  • The ITS  Joint Program Office within the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA)

http://www.its.dot.gov/its_program/about_its.htm

  • Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA)

http://www.rita.dot.gov

  • Achieving the Vision: From VII to IntelliDrive

http://152.122.41.186/connected_vehicle/508/Library/Library-Policy-Reports

information1
Information
  • Smart Car: The Automated Highway System - Vol. 60· No. 2 - Public Roads
  • Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
  • Telematics
  • Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)
  • 2010-1-27-ITS_Leadership.pdf (application/pdf Object)Intelligent Transportation Systems | CSG Knowledge Center
  • Intelligent Transportation SystemsIssues & Research
  • Intelligent Transportation System using SDE
  • Intelligent Transportation System Architecture and Standards - ITS Architecture Implementation - FHWA OperationsMotor Vehicle Accidents and Fatalities - The 2012 Statistical Abstract - U.S. Census Bureau