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Solid Waste Policy in the United States. Leah Missik, Aliaksei Babko , Brijesh Krishnan.

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Solid waste policy in the united states

Solid Waste Policy in the United States

Leah Missik, AliakseiBabko, Brijesh Krishnan


What is solid waste

Solid Waste - The term ‘‘solid waste’’ means any garbage, refuse, sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities (RCRA, 2002)

What is Solid Waste?

Non - Hazardous Waste

Hazardous Waste

Municipal Solid Waste

Industrial Waste

Household Waste

Industrial

Listed

C & D

Medical

Universal

Special

Characteristic

Agricultural Waste

Mixed

Treatment


Generation and disposal
Generation and Disposal

Residential

Commercial

Industries

Construction

Healthcare

Agricultural

TreatmentPlants

Landfill

Combustion

Recovery & Recycling

Composting





Solid waste policy in the united states

Solid Waste Management - the systematic administration of activities which provide for the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, transfer, processing, treatment, and disposal of solid waste (EPA Definitions)


Effects and damages
Effects and damages

Open dumping

Odor

PM emissions

Landfill seepage

CO₂ Emissions

CH₄ Emissions

Air pollution

Health Impacts

Food Chain contamination

Ground / Surface water contamination

Land depletion

Environmental degradation

Animal and Plant life


Policy instruments taxes fees and subsidies
Policy Instruments – Taxes (Fees!) and Subsidies

  • Deposit Refund

    - “Bottle Bills”

    - In 10 states

    - Usually 5 cents per bottle

  • Pay As You Throw

    - Residents are charged

    based on how much they

    throw away (usually per bag or can)

    - In more than 7000 communities

http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/tools/payt/states/06comm.htm#text


Policy instruments command control
Policy Instruments – Command & Control

  • Permits

    - Needed to ensure safe

    standards for hazardous

    waste

  • Technology standards

    - For landfill and incinerator

    design

  • “Cradle-to-Grave”

    - Production, transportation, storage, and disposal standards

http://www.landofgraciousliving.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/yorba_linda_landfill.jpg


Policy instruments voluntary
Policy Instruments - Voluntary

  • Challenges/Goals

    - EPA’s Resource Conservation Challenge

  • Programs and Partnerships

    - GreenScapes, WasteWise

  • Information

    - Provided by the EPA on best methods of waste disposal and recycling for individuals and businesses alike

    - Labeling

http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/wastewise/index.htm



Epa s three comprehensive waste management programs
EPA’s three comprehensive waste management programs


Rcra accomplishments
RCRA accomplishments

Statutory & Regulatory

Implementation