BODY ART. The craft of Tattoo and Body Painting. Part 1. SKIN ART. The term “ Body Art ” is actually a broad term used to describe any method of expression that alters the appearance of the human body.
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The craft of Tattoo and Body Painting
What’s the difference between this…
Is there a difference between this…
British sailors would return from places like New Zealand, Polynesia, Hawaii and Australia with native tattoo’s. The concept eventually moved from the military to the civilian population.
The Maori of New Zealand were the most well known for their elaborate all over tattoo’s…(especially for the facial tattoo’s known as Moko).
1 - Protection (both spiritual and physical).
Act as guides or identification in the afterlife.
2 - Show status and/or group affiliation.
Both positive and negative.
3 - Medicinal and healing purposes.
As with Otzi…
4 - Mark achievements.
The people of Samoa tattooed the legs and buttocks heavily, due to the large surface area that could be covered. The traditional woman's tattoo is called a Malu, and is more open and airy than the male counterpart.
The male version, the pe’a, is thicker, with less open space and more ink.The pe’a eventually covers the entire leg from lower back to foot.
multiple prong CombsCombs are dipped in ink and hammered with a stick so that they vibrate like a tuning fork. This forces the ink beneath the surface of the skin.
Tattooing in the western world was brought to a halt in A.D. 787.Pope Hadrian banned the art form, …citing Leviticus 19:28 and 21:5 as well as Deuteronomy 14:1.
This was because Crusaders were tattooing themselves with Christian symbols. Why?So that if they were killed in the Holy Land they would receive Christian burials (pilgrims were also tattooing themselves to show they had visited certain Christian religious sites).The church feared the eastern (and therefore Pagan) associations.
The ancient Celts were the most famous people to paint themselves.The Celts would use Woad, a blue dye to paint mystical symbols on their bodies when engaging in warfare.
Woadwas also rumored to have a hallucinogenic component, (similar to ancient pigment used in cave paintings).Hence the “crazy” Celtic warrior legend.
Native North Americans also had a highly developed sense of aesthetics, and used face and body painting extensively.The Native Americans not only used body painting in war, but as a status symbol as well.