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Chapter 7: The 5th Commandment. “You Shall Not Murder.”. Duty Extends Beyond Not Murdering to Working Against Every Form of Degradation to Human Dignity. Human Life is Sacred From Its Beginning Because God Created Us. 5th Commandment Forbids Illegal Killing of Innocent People.

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chapter 7 the 5th commandment
Chapter 7: The 5th Commandment
  • “You Shall Not Murder.”
5th commandment forbids illegal killing of innocent people
5th Commandment Forbids Illegal Killing of Innocent People
  • but not necessarily war or capital punishment.
slide5
The Catholic Tradition has Developed a Just-War Theory and Recognized the Right of States to use the Death Penalty
the gospel of life jesus message his good news to every age culture
The Gospel of Life: Jesus’ Message - His “Good News” to Every Age & Culture
  • The birth of a child was the “good news” of our salvation.
  • The source of this “great joy” is the birth of the Saviour.
  • Christmas reveals the full meaning of every human birth and the Saviour is the fulfillment of joy at every child born into the world.
man woman called to a fullness of life
Man/Woman:Called to a Fullness of Life
  • which far exceeds the dimensions of this earthly existence (sharing in the life of God).
  • The loftiness of this supernatural vocation reveals the greatness and the inestimable value of human life even in its temporal phase.
how you treat the most frail
How You Treat the Most Frail
  • is an indicator of how society is going.
life on earth not an ultimate but a penultimate reality
Life on Earth: Not an “Ultimate” but a “Penultimate” Reality
  • Life is still precious even though it is only temporary!
  • Natural law of “do not kill” is written in our hearts.
  • “By his incarnation the Son of God has united himself in some fashion with every human being.” (Vatican Council II)
  • Through becoming human, God reveals the value and respect for human life.
vatican council ii oppositions to human life
Vatican Council II: Oppositions to Human Life
  • murder
  • genocide
  • abortion
  • euthanasia
  • willful self-destruction/suicide
vatican council ii oppositions to human life1
Vatican Council II: Oppositions to Human Life
  • violations of the integrity

of the human person such as:

    • mutilation
    • torture: torments

inflicted on body or mind

    • manipulation: attempts to coerce the will itself
vatican council ii oppositions to human life2
Vatican Council II: Oppositions to Human Life
  • insults to human dignity such as:
    • subhuman living conditions
    • arbitrary imprisonment
    • deportation
    • slavery
    • prostitution
    • the selling of women and children
vatican council ii oppositions to human life3
Vatican Council II: Oppositions to Human Life
  • disgraceful working conditions where people are treated as mere instruments of gain rather than free and responsible persons
vatican council ii oppositions to human life4
Vatican Council II: Oppositions to Human Life
  • All these things poison society and do more harm to those who practice them than to those who suffer from the injury.
excerpt from all quiet on the western front by erich maria remarque
Excerpt from All Quiet on the Western Frontby Erich Maria Remarque
  • Novel about a soldier, Paul Baumer,

in World War I

  • Paul stabs a French solider who fell into his hiding hole, a shell hole.
it is through this hand to hand combat that paul truly comprehends the horrible reality of war
It is through this hand to hand combat that Paul truly comprehends the horrible reality of war.
slide21

The abstract idea of “enemy” falls away as the man slowly dies and as Paul learns his name, occupation, and that he has a wife and young girl.

just like him
He realizes that the French solider is just like him and recognizes his humanity.

Paul wants forgiveness and pledges to live for the sake of the solider and his family.

“Just Like Him…”
definitions
Definitions
  • Fidelity – trustworthiness or faithfulness; keeping one’s promises
  • Redemptive – serving to atone for or release from blame
  • Relative – dependent upon other conditions for its proportionate significance; not absolute
  • Penultimate – next to last
definitions1
Definitions
  • Natural Law – universal norms of right & wrong that can be known through reason
  • Incarnation – the doctrine that God became “fully human” (while also remaining fully divine) in the person of Jesus
  • Comrade – a friend who shares in one’s activities, particularly a fellow soldier
definitions2
Definitions
  • Field Dressing – bandages

an ordinary soldier would carry

  • Pretence – a false appearance or implication
  • Irresolutely – indecisively; lacking confidence; in a way that is unsure of how to proceed
  • Stratagem – a tactic for deceiving an enemy
  • Compositor – someone who sets type or text for printing