Growth of a Nation (…2 Nations?) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Growth of a Nation (…2 Nations?)

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  1. Growth of a Nation(…2 Nations?)

  2. As a result of the American Revolution, Britain ceded it's territory east of the Mississippi

  3. What a Deal!

  4. In 1803, the Louisiana Purchase nearly doubles the size of the young nation

  5. In 1819, Spain cedes Florida to the U.S. in return for the nullification of a Five Million Dollar debt


  6. Soon Thereafter, Mexico Wins Independence from Spain

  7. Texas • Southern farming spreads into Mexico • Mexico does not allow slavery • Texans Rebel against Mexico Remember the Alamo? • Texans gain their independence but seek admission to the U.S. as a state

  8. Texan Independence

  9. War with Mexico • After nearly 10 years, the US decides the time is right to annex Texas. • Mexico protests – war is declared

  10. New Land! • War ends with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hildalgo • The U.S. obtains land in what is now California, New Mexico, Arizona and Texas (1.2 million square miles!) • The Gadsen Purchase completes our southwest territory which is referred to as the Mexican Cession.

  11. Results of the Mexican War

  12. Gadsen Purchase

  13. Manifest Destiny • Many Americans dreamed of a empire stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific • It was our nation’s “Manifest Destiny” to overspread and possess the whole continent

  14. A Divide Exists:Slave States vs. Free States • The creation of slave states vs. free states is mostly about economic and political power. • The abolition (antislavery) movement is still in it’s infancy.

  15. Slave States vs. Free States • As U.S. territory grows, new states are created. • States in the North are considered Free States (no slavery) • Southern states are considered Slave States. • …it’s not necessarily all about slavery.

  16. Slave States vs Free States

  17. Life in the North • Greater population – 2.5 times more than South . . . . Why? • More railroad track -70% of U.S. total • More industrial – 90,000 more factories than in the South • Wealthier - In 1860 – produced over $1.3 billion more in goods!