As a result of the American Revolution, Britain ceded it's territory east of the Mississippi
In 1803, the Louisiana Purchase nearly doubles the size of the young nation
In 1819, Spain cedes Florida to the U.S. in return for the nullification of a Five Million Dollar debt
Texas • Southern farming spreads into Mexico • Mexico does not allow slavery • Texans Rebel against Mexico Remember the Alamo? • Texans gain their independence but seek admission to the U.S. as a state
War with Mexico • After nearly 10 years, the US decides the time is right to annex Texas. • Mexico protests – war is declared
New Land! • War ends with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hildalgo • The U.S. obtains land in what is now California, New Mexico, Arizona and Texas (1.2 million square miles!) • The Gadsen Purchase completes our southwest territory which is referred to as the Mexican Cession.
Manifest Destiny • Many Americans dreamed of a empire stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific • It was our nation’s “Manifest Destiny” to overspread and possess the whole continent
A Divide Exists:Slave States vs. Free States • The creation of slave states vs. free states is mostly about economic and political power. • The abolition (antislavery) movement is still in it’s infancy.
Slave States vs. Free States • As U.S. territory grows, new states are created. • States in the North are considered Free States (no slavery) • Southern states are considered Slave States. • …it’s not necessarily all about slavery.
Life in the North • Greater population – 2.5 times more than South . . . . Why? • More railroad track -70% of U.S. total • More industrial – 90,000 more factories than in the South • Wealthier - In 1860 – produced over $1.3 billion more in goods!