Fig 34. Congenital mitral valve stenosis. Ao. LV. LA. Parasternal long axis view showing congenital mitral stenosis. Note the thickened valve leaflets with a small opening orifice. The left atrium is dilated due to the mitral stenosis. Fig 35. A. B. LV. LA. C.
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Fig 34 Congenital mitral valve stenosis Ao LV LA Parasternal long axis view showing congenital mitral stenosis. Note the thickened valve leaflets with a small opening orifice. The left atrium is dilated due to the mitral stenosis.
Fig 35 A B LV LA C A. Parasternal short axis view demonstrating a parachute type abnormality of the mitral valve. Note the small valve orifice (arrow) due to all chordae attached to the single anteriolateral paplliary muscle. B. Colour flow mapping showing flow acceleration through the valve during diastole. C. Continuous wave Doppler trace showing increased flow velocity
Fig 36 MVL prolapse Ao LV LA Colour Doppler flow mapping showing anteriorly directed mitral regurgitation jet. Parasternal long-axis view demonstrating mitral valve prolapse.
Fig 37 Mitral Valve Prolapsing LA RA LA LV RV Transesophageal echocardiogram showing posterior leaflet mitral valve prolapse. Colour Doppler mapping demonstrating severe mitral regurgitation in the same patient.