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MICE Meeting Berkeley, Oct 2002. MICE absorber and Window / flow Design. Wing Lau, Giles Barr & Stephanie Yang Oxford University. This talk is in two parts; Firstly (presented) we will go through briefly the progress and results on the MICE Convective Window design and flow simulation;

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## MICE absorber and Window / flow Design

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**MICE MeetingBerkeley, Oct 2002**MICE absorber and Window / flow Design Wing Lau, Giles Barr & Stephanie Yang Oxford University**This talk is in two parts;**Firstly (presented) we will go through briefly the progress and results on the MICE Convective Window design and flow simulation; Secondly (slides at the end, but no time to present them) about the Lithium Window calculations from John Cobb.**The mechanical design of the Window**The design of the bellow window geometry is such that it is possible to scale the standard design geometry to suit any window dimension without the need to do any FE calculation and still keeping the same pressure rating, i.e. burst pressure at 120 psi. As far as the pressure rating is concerned, we believe that the development on the window geometry has now reached its most optimum state. Future effort should be spent in studying the absorber safety. In that we need to identify and quantify the various loads introduced during either normal operation or at fault conditions.**This includes, but not limited to:**• Thermal loads caused, possibly, by uneven temperature distribution of LH2 during operation; • Differential thermal loads at Window anchor points; • Eddy current and magnet quench effect, if applicable; • Cyclic loads during the start up and shut down of the experiment etc.**The convective heat flow**With the installation of CFX-5, we now have the correct software to do 3-D buoyancy calculations on convective thermal models. Our fluid model has been tested and compared well with benchmark results. We will discuss how the simulation results compare with KEK’s LNe test; Our goal is to construct a set of simple rules / graphs to enable designers to establish the thermal capacity of the Window at various operating and environmental conditions without doing any complex FE calculation -- similar to what we did on the Window geometry design method; We will also look at how design details of the Absorber vessel could be changed to improve its thermal performance. A case in time would be the fitting of an internal baffle to separate the current flow inside the absorber vessel, as suggested by Mike Green. This will enhance the buoyancy velocity and will improve the heat absorption capacity;**LHe out**LHe out Absorber LH2 Internal Baffle LHe in LHe in Internal baffle to improve current circulation – suggested by Mike Green**The following slides show our simulation on a convective**flow inside the Absorber filled with liquid Neon. A dummy coil, producing 60 watts of heating power is modelled as a fluid sub-domain so that its presence does not affect the buoyancy flow of the fluid. Two boundary conditions were applied; one with the outer wall kept at 10K, and the other at 24.5K. The intention was to see how sensitive the results are to the imposed wall temperature**Liquid Hydrogen**Heating Coil KEK’s test set-up The Fluid grid model**KEK’s results**29 K Boiling occurred here Dummy heater 29 K 29 K Temperature probe readings Solid Ne were visible in the lower absorber**Why different?**A cross check: Material and thermal properties of Liquid Neon: Density of Liquid Neon: 1204 Kg / M^3 Specific Heat of liquid Neon: 1080J / Kg /K Volume of the absorber is approx. 7 litre or 0.007 m^3 This requires a total thermal energy of approx. 910J to heat up the Liquid Neon inside the absorber by 1 K; A heat source of 60W will take 15 second to do this, when the window wall is assumed adiabatic, i.e. no heat exchange across the absorber wall. What we have assumed in our simulation is that the wall are being fully kept to a lower temperature at all time. We need to investigate whether the results would make any difference if the walls are being cooled by a fixed volume of coolants circulating from the bottom to the top of the absorber. We are still investigating the cause of this difference with KEK**Lithium thermal calculation**• Less dangerous: • Nearly as good (particularly in early stages of cooling channel). • Contacts in Chemistry • Consider Lithium • ~2.5x worse equilibrium emmitance • John Cobb thermal calculations Temperature profiles 2e13 m/bunch, rms beam size 1 cm. Temperature rise Beam time structure • MICE proposal: running with alternate absorbers (Li, plastic). • Design to fit into place of LH absorber window

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