bi da bs potenciuri gavlenis gamotvlebi n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
bi da bs potenciuri gavlenis gamoTvlebi PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
bi da bs potenciuri gavlenis gamoTvlebi

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

bi da bs potenciuri gavlenis gamoTvlebi - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 205 Views
  • Uploaded on

bi da bs potenciuri gavlenis gamoTvlebi. leqcia # 5. 1. mimoxilva. bi agentebis samxedro maxasiaTeblebi slaidebi 2 - 5 mgi/ strategiuli bi Setevebi slaidebi 6 - 12 bi agentebis warmoeba slaidebi 13 - 16 sxva tipis bi Setevebi slaidebi 17 - 20. 2. samxedro maxasiaTeblebi (i).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'bi da bs potenciuri gavlenis gamoTvlebi' - tanisha-gilliam


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
1 mimoxilva
1. mimoxilva
  • bi agentebis samxedro maxasiaTeblebi
    • slaidebi 2 - 5
  • mgi/ strategiuli bi Setevebi
    • slaidebi 6 - 12
  • bi agentebis warmoeba
    • slaidebi 13 - 16
  • sxva tipis bi Setevebi
    • slaidebi 17 - 20
2 samxedro maxasiateblebi i
2. samxedro maxasiaTeblebi (i)
  • bi Setevebis potencialis mravalferovneba
    • sxvadasxva samizneebi (adamianebi, cxovelebi da mcenareebi)
    • sxvadasxva agentebi (baqteriebi, virusebi, sokoebi, toqsinebi, bioregulatorebi)
    • sxvadasxva masStabi (ganadgureba, taqtikuri samxedro, strategiuli samxedro, mgi)
    • sxvadasxva mixnebi (Ria an faruli omi an terori)
3 samxedro maxasiateblebi ii
3. samxedro maxasiaTeblebi (ii)
  • bi agentebis samxedro klasifikacia
    • potenciurad infeqciuri dawyebuli pirveli msxverplidan
      • mwyobridan gamomyvani (mag., gripis virusi)
      • momakvdinebeli (mag., Yersinia pestis – Savi Wiri)
    • arainfeqciuri pirveli msxverplisaTvis
      • mwyobridan gamomyvani (mag.,Coxiella burnetii - Q-cxeleba)
      • momakvdinebeli (mag., Bacillus anthracis - jilexi)
4 samxedro maxasiateblebi iii
4. samxedro maxasiaTeblebi (iii)
  • bi agentebis samxedro – sasurveli maxasiaTeblebi
    • agenti mudmivad erTidaigive efeqts unda iZleodes
    • efeqtis gamosawvevi doza unda iyos dabali
    • unda hqondes mokle da ganWvretadi sainkubacio periodi
    • samizne populacias unda hqondes dabali an saerTod ar gaaCndesThe imuniteti
5 samxedro maxasiateblebi iv
5. samxedro maxasiaTeblebi (iv)
  • bi agentebis samxedro – sasurveli maxasiaTeblebi (gagr.)
    • daavadebis mkurnaloba samizne populaciaSi SesaZlebeli ar unda iyos
    • mas, vinc iyenebs, unda hqondes jarebisa da mosaxleobis dacvis saSualebebi
    • SesaZlebeli unda iyos agentis masobrivi warmoeba
    • SesaZlebeli unda iyos agentis efeqturad gavrceleba
    • agenti senaxvisa da aRWurvilobaSi gadatanis dros stabiluri unda iyos.
6 mgi strategiuli setevebi i
6. mgi/strategiuli Setevebi (i)
  • gaero-s kvleva1969 wels
    • erTi bobmdamSeni 10 tona bi agentiT
      • zemoqmedebis qveS myofi teritoria - 100,000 km2
      • avadoba 50%, 25% sikvdili mkurnalobis gareSe
    • teritoria iseTi zemoqmedebis qveSaa, 1 megatoniani birTvuli bombi rom yofiliyo gamoyenebuli
      • 300 km2
    • teritoria iseTi zemoqmedebis qveSaa, 15 tonanervuli gazirom yofiliyo gamoyenebuli
      • 60 km2
7 mgi strategiuli setevebi ii
7. mgi/strategiuli Setevebi (ii)
  • SIPRI –s 1973 wlis kvleva
    • erTi bobmdamSeni 5-6 tona WurvebiT
    • farTobi km2 –Si, romelzec SemTxvevebis 50% modis
      • maRali feTqebadoba 0.22
      • VX nervuli gazi 0.75
      • 10kt birTvuli bombi 30
      • biologiuri agenti 0 -50 (amindis pirobebis mixedviT)
8 mgi strategiuli setevebi iii
8. mgi/strategiuli Setevebi (iii)
  • feteris 1991 wlis kvleva JurnalSi “saerTaSoriso usafrTxoeba” (International Security)
    • erTtoniani raketa vardeba did qalaqSi mosaxleobis simWidroviT 30 adamiani erT heqtarze
      • 20kt birTvuli iaraRi moklavs 40,000
      • 300kg zarini moklavs200 - 3,000
      • 30kg jilexi moklavs 20,000 - 80,000
9 mgi strategiuli setevebi iv
9. mgi/strategiuli Setevebi (iv)
  • aSS-s teqnologiebis Sefasebis ofisis 1993 wlis angariSi: scenari I
    • raketiT Seteva ganxorcielda Rrublian dRisiT an ramiT, zomieri qaris pirobebSi qalaqze daucveli mosaxleobiT 3,000-dan 10,000mde daucveli mosaxleobiT TiTo km2
      • 12.5 kt birTvuli iaraRi gaanadgurebs 7.8km2 da moklavs 23,000-80,000 adamians
      • 300kg zarini moklavs 60-200 adamians farTobze 0.22km2
      • 30kg jilexi moklavs 30,000-dan 100,000-mde adamians sigaris formis kafsulaSi raketis 10km2 farTobze
10 mgi strategiuli setevebi v
10. mgi/strategiuli Setevebi (v)
  • aSS-s teqnologiebis Sefasebis ofisis 1993 wlis angariSi: scenari II
    • TviTfrinaviT Seteva 10 kg jilexis dafrqveviT vaSingtonis msgavs qalaqze qaris mimarTulebiT
      • mowmendil mzian dRes susti qaris pirobebSi zemoqmedebis qveS iqneba 46km2 da 130,000-dan 460,000-mde adamiani SeiZleba mokvdes
11 mgi strategiuli setevebi vi
11. mgi/strategiuli Setevebi (vi)
  • tSo angariSi: scenari II (gagr.)
    • Rrublian dRisiT an ramiT zomieri qaris pirobebSi, zemoqmedebis qveS iqneba 140km2 da 420,000-dan 1,400,000mde adamiani SeiZleba mokvdes
    • mowmendil, mSvid Rames zemoqmedebis qveS iqneba 300km2 da1-dan 3 millionamde adamiani SeiZleba mokvdes
    • mkafiod gansazRvruli agentis wyaro “idealur” pirobebSi (mag., ultraiisferi szivebis ararsebobis dros, ramac SeiZleba mospos sporebi ufro swrafad) SeiZleba iyos sruliad momakvdinebeli, da Zneli gaxdeba mravali adamianis daxmareba
12 mgi strategiuli setevebi vii
12. mgi/strategiuli Setevebi (vii)
  • zogi aRWurviloba cnobilia aSS bi programidan
    • marTvadi raketebis M210 Tavebi patara WurvebiT (M143) SeimuSaves 1967 wels
    • Txevadi agentebis gasafrqvevi cisterna A/B45Y-1 maRalsiCqarian taqtikur TviTfrinavebSi SeimuSaves 1965 wels
13 bi agentebis warmoeba i
13. bi agentebis warmoeba (i)
  • baqteriuli agentebis zrda fermentaciis meSveobiT saWiroebs
    • virulenturi paTogenis daTesili kultura
    • patara fermentorSi sawyisi zrda
    • warmoebiTi masStabis fermentorSi zrda
    • fermentoridan agentis Segroveba
    • saboloo damuSaveba, magaliTad, liofilizacia
14 bi agentebis warmoeba ii
14 bi agentebis warmoeba (ii)
  • pirdapiri dartymisatvis saWiro agentis raodenobis gamoTvla
    • warmoidgineT, rom pirvelwyaro aris msxverpli, romelmac miiRo doza (D)
      • Qaris wyaros simZlavre (erTeuli/m) dro bsunTqvis sixSire (moculoba/wuTi), gayofili h- ze - haeris fenis siRrme dro ūniSnavs zedapiruli qaris siCqares
      • amrigad

D= Q.b h.ū

15 bi agentebis warmoeba iii
15. bi agentebis warmoeba (iii)
  • wertilovani wyaros gaTvla (gagr.)
    • saWiro wyaros simZlavre namdvilad aris
      • Q= D.h.ū b
    • am raodenobebisaTvis tipiuri sidideebia
      • b=20 litri/min (2.10-2 m3min-1); h=1km (103m); ū= 5m/s ( 3.102mmin-1)
    • Tamrigad, Tu D aris 10-jer infeqciuri doza (ID50)
      • Q=10.ID50.103.3.102 2.10-2
    • amrigad, Tavdamsxmels Wirdeba daaxl. 108ID50/m

= 1.5.108.ID50

16 bi agentebis warmoeba iv
16. bi agentebis warmoeba (iv)
  • 10 km sigrZis xazovani wyarosaTvis Tavdamsxmels Wirdeba
    • 108 ID50jer 104 =1012ID50
  • CavTvaloT, rom koncentracia aris 108 baqteriuli ujredi TiTo ml-Si, fermentorSi, Tavdamsxmels Wirdeba warmoeba
    • 1012jer (ujredebis raodenoba, eqvivalenturi 1 ID50)/108jer1000) litri suspenzia
  • mocemuli ID50jilexisaTvis aris daaxl. 104 Tavdamsxmels dasWirdeba daaxl. 100,000 litri, rac SesaZlebelia 100 litriani aTi fermentoris aTi ciklis Sedegad
17 bi sxva tipis setevebi i
17. bi sxva tipis Setevebi (i)
  • soflis meurneobis sawinaaRmdego bi
    • dabalteqnologiuri, didi Sedegebis mqone bioterorizmi
    • specialistebis codna naklebadaa saWiro, maRali kontagiozurobis paTogenebi da soflis meurneobisaTvis udidesi xarjebi
    • magaliTad, ertma kvlevam daadgina, rom
      • “Tuki paTogenebi, romelTac SeuZliaT iseTi daavadebebi gamoiwvion, rogorebicaa Turquli, rqosani pirutyvis Wiri, Roris afrikuli cxeleba (Rac), soios Jangianoba, simindis filipinuri fifqiani rTvilianoba, kartofilis meWeWianoba, da citrusebis mwvane surdo, that cause diseases such as FMD, rinderpest, Seitaneba kontinentur aSS-s teritoriaze, mas SeiZleba seriozuli Sedegebi mohyves aSS-s ekonomikisaTvis.”
18 bi sxva tipis setevebi ii
18. bi sxva tipis Setevebi (ii)
  • teroristuli Tavdasxma adamianebze
    • aSS-s kongresis kvleviTi samsaxuris 2004 wlis angariSi Seicavs gafrTxilebas, rom ar unda aviRoT pirdapiri analogiebi Statebis programebidan
      • “q/b agentebi, romlebic sxva SemTxvevaSi did safrTxed iTvleboda, Cans, rom ufro nakleb safrTxes Seicavs, rodesac ganvixilavT mcire zomis Setevis konteqstSi. sapirispirod, q/b agentebi, romlebic masobrivi Tavdasxmebis dros iTvleboda naklebi sadrTxis matareblad, ufro maRal safrTxes Seicavs mcire setevebis konteqstSi, vinaidan barierebi, romlebic arsebobs masobrivi gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi, SeiZleba ar iyos, rodesac agenti mcire masStabiT ixmareba.”
19 bi sxva tipis setevebi iii
19. bi sxva tipis Setevebi (iii)
  • janmrTelobis msoflio organizaciis 1970 wlis angariSSi ganxilulia SesaZlo mgi-s sidide da sxva scenarebi
    • momakkvdinebeli da damauZlurebeli antibiotikebisadmi rezistentuli biologiuri iaraRi meoradi SemTxvevebis gareSe (tularaemia)
    • momakkvdinebeli da damauZlurebeli antibiotikebisadmi mgrZnobiare biologiuri iaraRi meoradi SemTxvevebiT(Savi Wiris filtvis forma)
    • wyalmomaragebis dabinZureba tifis baciliT an botulizmis A toqsiniT
20 bi sxva tipis setevebi iv
20. bi sxva tipis Setevebi (iv)
  • cxel , mSral ganviTarebad qveyanaSi 1-milionian qalaqze SetevisaTvis gamoyenebuli iyo tifis 1kg liofilizirebuli kultura. Seteva ganxorcielda winaswari gafrTxilebis gareSe da qalaqis mTavrobas mosaxleoba ar gaufrTxilebia.
    • gamoTvlebis mixedviT, TiTo adamiani yoveldRiurad moixmarda or litr sasmel wyals, da, amrigad, 125,000 adamiani miiRebda 100,000 mikroorganizms, da SesaZlebeli iyo bevri gamxdariyo avad
    • Tuki ar arsebobda masobrivi mkurnalobis saSualeba, Setevis Sedegad daaxloebiT 4,500 adamiani SeiZleba gardacvliliyo
sanimuso kitxvebi
sanimuSo kiTxvebi

1. kritikulad SeafaseT Savi Wiris, gripis, tularemiis, botulizmis toqsinisa da Q cxelebis mniSvneloba saomari saqmisaTvis.

2. ra aris is struqturuli sirTuleebi, ris gamoc personalis sawinaaRmdego farTomasStabiani biologiuri Seteva nakleb mosalodnelia, rom moxdes am dros?

3. ganixileT xelmisawvdom literaturaSi mocemuli zogierTi gaTvla, romlis mixedviTac garkveul pirobebSi biologiuri iaraRi SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnas, rogorc masobrivi ganadgirebis iaraRi (mgi).

4. Cans, rom soflis meurneobis sawinaaRmdego bioterorizmi dRes yvelaze warmatebuli SeiZleba iyos.imsjeleT.

wyaroebi
wyaroebi

(slaidi 1)

Dando, M.R. (1994) Biological Warfare in the 21st Century: Biotechnology and the Proliferation of Biological Weapons. Brassey’s, London

(slaidi 6)

United Nations (1969) Chemical and bacteriological (biological) weapons and the effects of their possible use: report of the Secretary-General. A/7575/Rev.1, S/ 9292/Rev.1, New York, United Nations. Available from http://unbisnet.un.org/

slide24
(slaidi 7)

Robinson, J. P., Hedén, Carl-Göran., and von Schreeb, H. (1973) The Problem of Chemical and Biological Warfare: CB Weapons Today. Vol. II. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. Available from http://books.sipri.org/index_html?c_category_id=58

(slaidi 8)

Fetter, S. (1991). ‘Ballistic Missiles and Weapons of Mass Destruction: What is the Threat? What should be Done?’, International Security 16(1): 5-42. Available from http://www.mitpressjournals.org/is

(slaidebi 9-11)

U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. (1993). Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Assessing the Risks (Document No. OTA-ISC-559). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

slide25
(slaidi 13)

Office of Technology Assessment. (1993). Technologies underlying Weapons of Mass Destruction (Document No. OTA-BP-ISC-115). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

(slaidi 14 and 16)

Bartlett, T. B. (1996) The Arms Control Challenge: Science and Technology Dimension, Paper presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, The Technology of Biological Arms Control and Disarmament Budapest, 28-30 March.

(slaidi 17)

Wheelis, M. Madden, L.V. and Cassagrande, R. (2002) Biological Attacks on Agriculture: Low Tech, High Impact Bioterrorism. Bio-Science, 52, 569-76. Available from http://www.accessmylibrary.com/comsite5/bin/aml2006_library_auth_tt.pl?item_id=0286-25690504

slide26
(slaidi 18)

Shea, D. A., and Gottron, F. (2004) Small-scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons, CRS Report for Congress [Online] FAS [accessed 27 January 2009] available from http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL32391.pdf

(slaidi 19)

World Health Organization (1970) Health Aspects of Chemical and Biological Weapons, Geneva: WHO. Available from http://www.who.int/csr/delibepidemics/biochem1stenglish/en/index.html