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Chapter 5 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Art. Chapter 5. The Need to Imitate. Art dates back to cave paintings-humans want to depict what they see All art is a form of imitation Some art strives for likeness (trying to be as close to reality as possible) also referred to as realism in this chapter

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the need to imitate
The Need to Imitate

Art dates back to cave paintings-humans want to depict what they see

All art is a form of imitation

Some art strives for likeness (trying to be as close to reality as possible) also referred to as realism in this chapter

Other art strives for imitation(the transference of what is experienced outside or inside the artist)

creating likeness in different styles
Creating Likeness in Different Styles

Classical Art

Medieval Art

  • Classicism-balanced and harmonious art in Athens and Rome
  • Imitated real people, but perfected them (flawless)
  • Used marble or stone
  • Valued balance and harmony
  • Goal: remind the faithful of the life and death of Jesus, Mary, the saints, disciples
  • Elaborate churches, stained glass, mosaics, embroidery
  • Presents the idea, not a faithful representation of subject
renaissance art
Renaissance Art

“Rebirth” of interest in classical knowledge and art

Renaissance artists combined classical discipline with the demand for freedom of expression

The Renaissance constitutes the greatest single revolution in the history of Western art and thought

  • Fillipo Lippi
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Michelangelo
  • Raphael
  • SophonisbaAnguissola
  • Artemisia Gentileschi
dutch school
Dutch School

Master painters were able to reproduce faces, figure and landscapes with the greatest accuracy possible until the invention of the camera

  • Rembrandt
  • Famous for chiaroscuro (use of light and dark to create realism)
  • Interested in psychological realism, the character behind the face
  • Attempt to be realistic is abandoned and instead the artists projects a subjective experience of the world as color and light.
famous impressionists
Famous Impressionists
  • EdouardManet
  • Claude Monet
  • Berthe Morisot
  • Mary Cassatt
post impressionism
  • Art during the late 19th and early 20th centuries resembles but is not strict Impressionism
  • Not realistic or abstract
  • Vincent van Gogh-starving artist not recognized during his lifetime
art as alteration
Art as Alteration



  • Art produced in the late 19th century to late 20th century
  • Art produced from the late 20th century to modern day

Both of these movements are connected to art as alteration-artists who do not even start with the familiar but want to impose something new on the world

abstract art
Abstract Art
  • Wassily Kandinsky-form is all that matters in art (pleasing arrangements of line and color).
  • Painting should provide an experience of the beautiful
  • “color could become music”



  • Artist breaks down the field of vision into discontinuous segments or in which the artist shows a number of visual events taking place simultaneously

Picasso’s depiction of a Nazi bombing of the city of Guernica. Turned the bombing victims into a wild fragment of atrocities.

One of the most powerful anti-war statements ever made.

Considered one of the great artworks of all time.

  • Popular style, employs recognizable shapes and forms put together in unrecognizable contexts
  • Imitates the world of dreams and the unconscious mind
  • Dali –tortured artist or clever business man?
unreal realism
“Unreal” Realism
  • Georgia O’Keeffe
  • “art can be analyzed only by what the artist is doing, not saying.”
  • Certain shapes leap out

at the

artist for



  • Edward Hopper
  • Simplified realism-leaves out the unimportant
  • Nighthawks-American Loneliness
Camera Art

Pop Art

  • With photography artists are no longer needed for “realistic” images
  • Creative artists began experimenting with photos
  • Alfred Stieglitz
  • Jerry Uelsmann
  • Influenced by comic books, movies, billboards
  • Makes a statement about American culture, endless fads/superficiality
  • Claes Oldenburg
  • Andy Warhol
performance art
Performance Art
  • Event, artists want to create a momentary stir and then be seen or heard no more
  • Orson Wells (film director) cited as founder of the movement
  • War of the Worlds
  • Installation Art-
  • Edward Kienholz (Still Live)
  • Christo (installations around the globe)
  • Serves dual purpose: provides shelter for our needs (work, play, worship, education) and it alters our reality most noticeably
  • Architecture is considered art is the interplay between form and function (what it looks like and what purpose it serves)

Religious Architecture

Secular Architecture

  • Building created for worship or meditation are among the finest achievements in world architecture
  • Viewed as public art, conflicts inevitably arise