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Institutional Types

Institutional Types

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Institutional Types

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  1. Institutional Types • Research university • Regional comprehensive university • Independent or private liberal arts college/university • Associate’s college (community college) • Various kinds of for-profit colleges and universities (such as Strayer University, Sullivan University, University of Phoenix, etc.)

  2. The Research University(Includes public, private non-profit, and some private for-profit institutions) • Divided into three categories • RU/VH -- RU with Very High Research Activity e.g. Univ. of Kentucky • RU/H -- RU with High Research Activity e.g., Auburn University • DRU -- Doctoral/RU – Moderate Research e.g., University of North Carolina at Charlotte See Carnegie Foundation website for full list

  3. The University of Kentucky is a “Public Land-Grant Research University,” which means that it has a significant obligation to serve the Commonwealth of Kentucky through its research, teaching, and service/extension.

  4. Regional Comprehensive Universities • Also called Master’s Colleges and Universities in the Carnegie classification system (e.g., Eastern KY Univ., Northern KY Univ., Morehead State Univ.) • Many evolved from “Normal Schools” opened at the turn of the 20th century, designed to train public school teachers • Provide a comprehensive set of bachelor’s and master’s programs; some are beginning to provide doctoral degrees, mostly jointly with a research institution • See Council on Postsecondary Education

  5. The Independent or Private Liberal Arts College • Emphasis is solidly on undergraduate teaching (e.g., Transylvania University, Centre College, Georgetown College, Asbury University, etc.) • Most encourage and reward research, especially if the research involves undergraduates • Many have a small number of master’s programs • Twenty private colleges in Kentucky. See Association of Independent Kentucky Colleges and Universities(AIKCU) website

  6. Community Colleges • Also called Junior, Associate’s, or two-year colleges, but now usually called Community Colleges • Proliferated in the 1950s/60s to expand public access to higher education and to enrich cultural, civic, and entrepreneurial opportunities, especially in isolated areas • For public Associate’s Colleges in Kentucky, see KCTCS website

  7. Course loads for faculty at different types of institutions(traditional two-semester system) • Research universities: average of 4 courses per year • Regional universities: average of 7 courses per year • Small liberal arts college: average of 8 courses per year • Community college: average of 9 courses per year

  8. KNOW THYSELF . . . Are you a researcher who can teach? Are you a teacher who can research? Are you both at high level? Are you a researcher who doesn’t want to teach? Are you a teacher who doesn’t want to research? Might this be a false dichotomy?