The House of Lords. The House of Lords is the upper chamber of Great Britain’s bicameral legislature.
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Originating in the 11th century, when the Anglo-Saxon kings consulted witans composed of religious leaders and the monarch’s ministers, it emerged as a distinct element of Parliament in the 13th and 14th centuries.
Queen sits on it once a year at opening of an annual session of Parliament.
The Lord Chancellor was not only the Speaker of the House of Lords, but also a member of the Cabinet.