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Speech and Language. What to Learn More About Language Acquistion ?. Steven Pinker is a professor at Harvard who is a Pulitzer Prize Finalist for his books “How the Mind Works” and “The Stuff of Thought”. Theories on Language Acquisition.

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what to learn more about language acquistion
What to Learn More About Language Acquistion?
  • Steven Pinker is a professor at Harvard who is a Pulitzer Prize Finalist for his books “How the Mind Works” and “The Stuff of Thought”
theories on language acquisition
Theories on Language Acquisition
  • 1. Nativism: born with all the words and related morphology, syntax, and phonology that we will ever acquire
  • 2. Generativism: born with the three, basic concepts but acquire words from experience
    • chunking
  • 3. Motherese: learn words and the three, basic concepts from parents
hemispheric localization
Hemispheric Localization
  • Language and speech centers primarily located in the left hemisphere
examples of broca s vs wernicke s aphasia
Examples of Broca’s vs. Wernicke’s Aphasia
  • Broca’s: “O, yea. Det’s a boy an’ a girl..an’…a…car….house..lightpo’….dog an’ a….boat. Ndet’s a ….mm..a…cofee, an’ reading. Det’sa…mm….a…det’s a boy fishin’”
  • Wernicke’s: “Ah, yes, it’s, ah…several things. It’s a girl….uncurl…on a boat. A dog…is another dog…long’s…on a boat. The lady, it’s a young lady. This…a tree! A boat. No, over in here…a cake….
three components of speech and language
Three Components of Speech and Language
  • 1. Morphology: rules for combining words to form bigger words
    • e.g.: handi+cap vs. handi+cap+able
  • 2. Syntax: rules for combining words to form sentences and phrases
    • e.g.: nouns+verb+directobject+indirect object
  • 3. Phonology: rules for combining sounds to produce words, phrases, and sentences