Social transfers, social insurance, social services and related policies, legislation and regulations that consider the impact and results for children Avoid adverse impacts on children and reduce/mitigate social risks that directly affect children’s lives Intervene as early as possible where children are at risk Consider age/gender specific risks of children throughout the life cycle Mitigate the effects of shocks, exclusion and poverty on families Make special provisions to reach children who are particularly vulnerable and excluded Consider intra-household dynamics that affect how the children may be reached Include the voice and opinion of children in the design DFID, HelpAge International, Hope&Homes for Children, Institute of Development Studies, International LabourOrganisation, Overseas Development Instituted, Save the Children UK, UNDP, UNICEF, World Bank Child Sensitive Social Protection Joint Statement 2
Recent literature reviews to look into the evidence on synergies between social welfare services and cash transfers. The ways in which contact opportunities associated with transfers might help identify vulnerable households and link them with social welfare services. The impact of embedding social welfare services within schools in areas where cash transfers are conditional on school attendance. The extent to which evaluations of cash transfer schemes have considered / documented child protection outcomes. The role of SWS in facilitating access to social transfers in contexts where cash transfers are not reaching the poorest. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies – special issue 2009 Carmona Child Welfare and Cash Transfers 3
Alternative Care UN Guidelines for the Appropriate Use and Conditions of Appropriate Care Intended to enhance the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and of relevant provisions of other international instruments, regarding the protection and well-being of children who are deprived of parental care or who are at risk of being so. • Preventing the need for alternative care • Framework for care provision • Determining the appropriate form of care • Care provision • Care for children outside their country • Care for children in emergencies HRC Resolution to forward these to the GA for consideration of adoption – watch this space Complement to the Indicators for Children in Formal Care
Alternative Care Better Care Network - ww.bettercarenetwork.org • Better Care Network was announced at the first Global Partners Forum, October 2003, Geneva • Steering Committee - DCOF, USAID (Africa Bureau), UNICEF, CARE USA, Save the Children UK, Bernard van leer Foundation; Firelight Foundation • BCN contributes to increased information exchange, collaboration and advocacy for improved care for children without adequate parental care • BCN supports information exchange, technical guidance and research, national and regional chapters (mostly in sub-Saharan Africa) and global advocacy Faith to Action - www.faithbasedcarefororphans.org • This is a joint initiative that provides information and resources to U.S. Christian churches and faith-based organizations (FBOs) seeking to address the needs of orphans and vulnerable children in Sub-Saharan Africa • The initiative advocates for the support of family and community-based approaches, rather than the building of orphanages as a “first” response to the needs of children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS and other causes
CP systems - ‘a set of laws, policies, regulations and services, capacities, monitoring, and oversight needed across all social sectors—especially social welfare, education, health, security, and justice—to prevent and respond to protection-related risks.’ Responsibilities often spread across government agencies. Services often delivered by local authorities, non-State providers, and community groups. Coordination and referral mechanisms across a range of sectors and service providers are examples of critical functions of a cp system. Adequate human resources and management are examples of critical capacities for a CP system to function. CP Systems 6
Taking forward the Framework? • July 2004 Framework for the Protection, Care and support of Orphans and vulnerable Children Living in World with AIDS • 2007 companion paper to Framework developed • JLICA, IATT and others’ new evidence and best practice • Do we need to update the companion document particularly in relation to… • vulnerability in context of HIV/AIDS • What this means for targeting • Child sensitive social protection • Increased concerns about cost-effectiveness • Regional responses for different epidemic contexts • How to make this more operational to ensure policy into practice? • What engagement would IATT want in this exercise – reference group, peer review etc? • Opportunities to launch document – Vienna/GPF?
Costing of OVC response • Important for two reasons • To assess global resourcing needs • To develop models to support national costing and budgeting efforts • UNICEF commissioned London School Hygiene and Tropical medicine to develop costing model • Need agreement on key variables - defining vulnerability in context of HIV/AIDS (and numbers of CABA) • Key elements of support for CABA – and costing the package • Questions how to take this forward but agreement that models should be developed collaboratively with others e.g. UNAIDS, USG and World Bank
Social protection planning with UNAIDS co-sponsors • UNAIDS outcome framework: 9 priority areas • 9th priority area on social protection • UNAIDS convening planning process with UNICEF, WFP, ILO and others to develop business plan to ensure more coherent social protection response • Important to ensure new planning process builds on existing convening structures (IATT/RIATT’s) and agreed position papers.