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Operations center , NPS, Monterey, CA PowerPoint Presentation
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Operations center , NPS, Monterey, CA

Operations center , NPS, Monterey, CA

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Operations center , NPS, Monterey, CA

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  1. THORPEX-Pacific Asian Regional Campaign (T-PARC) and Tropical Cyclone Structure-08 Experiment (TCS-08) Driftsonde center, Okinawa Japan Operations center, NPS, Monterey, CA Aircraft locations, and aircraft operations centers Taiwan Driftsonde Balloon release, Hawaii Guam • 9 participating nations • Canada, China, U.K., France, Germany, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, United States • Over 500 aircraft mission flight hours • 216 C-130, 179 P-3, 83 Falcon, 37 DOTSTAR • 76 missions • 25 Falcon, 23 C-130, 21 P-3, 7 DOTSTAR • 7 airfields • Andersen AFB, Guam; NAF Atsugi, Japan; Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan; Taiwan, Yokota AFB, Japan; MCAS Iwakuni, Japan; Misawa AB, Japan • 11 tropical circulation systems • 4 typhoons, 1 TD, 1 ex-TS, 5 others

  2. Firsts First operation of the Driftsonde in the Pacific Launch from Hawaii Dropsonde data retrieved and sent to GTS for use in operational numerical weather forecasting models First use of the ELDORA radar in typhoons over the western North Pacific flight operations in: Cloud clusters Developing tropical cyclones Mature tropical cyclones Tropical cyclones undergoing extratropical transition First buoy drop in front of a WPAC TC Two TCs First time a category 5 TC passed over buoys dropped in its path

  3. Firsts First operation of WC-130Js at 31,000 ft altitude except when penetrating a mature TC Dropped sondes and AXBTs from high altitude Timed with passage of polar-orbiting satellites for satellite intensity validation First four plane operation in a WPAC TC First systematic targeting operation in the WPAC Comparison of several methods from a variety of operational and research organizations Multiple aircraft ECMWF/UKMO Data Targeting System (DTS) First systematic observations of full extratropical transition process Multiple aircraft Airborne Doppler Radar In situ observations land-based radar Timed with satellite overpass

  4. T-PARC: Extratropical Transition, Downstream Impacts, Targeting for Improved Track Predictions TCS-08 TC Structure and intensity changes

  5. Experiments to study TC rapid intensification and concentric eye-wall cycles by C. C. Wu utilizing aircraft observations during the pre-recurvature period of TY Sinlaku

  6. EXP 1003: Only Data Assimilated from the first flights into TY Sinlaku

  7. TY Sinlaku: 1200 UTC 10 September – 0000 UTC 21 September 21 20 19 1200 UTC 15 SEP 18 16 17 DLR FALCON WC-130J, NRL P-3 WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon 15 WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon DOTSTAR, DLR FALCON Transformation Stages Re-intensification as a typhoon Extratropical Stage • Impacts and Processes associated with the Extratropical Transition of TY Sinlaku • Uncertainty in downstream development • Utility of aircraft data in identifying important structural characteristics

  8. Standard deviation of 500 hPa among ensemble members averaged between 40o-60oN Black dots = location of Sinlaku and ex-Sinlaku in individual members Red dot = location at time of Extratropical Transition 1200 UTC 15 SEP TIGGE Julia Keller, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany

  9. Use of TIGGE to examine the ability of ensemble systems to represent forecast scenarios as defined by a fuzzy cluster analysis of the large-scale upper-level flow patterns associated with TY Sinlaku and Jangmi during T-PARC Keller et al 2011 (GRL)

  10. Post Recurvature Structure Change and Re-intensification • Synoptic-scale processes facilitated the re-invigoration of deep convection • Mesoscale and convective-scale processes contributed to an increase in the vorticity of the TC, which resulted in the re-intensification of Sinlaku. • Interactions between the tilted TC vortex and multiple mesoscale circulations • The re-intensification of Sinlaku continued as multiple episodes of deep convection rotated cyclonically around and inward toward the TC center. 21 20 19 Typhoon Sinlaku 07-22 September 2008 18 16 DLR FALCON 17 WC-130J, NRL P-3 Re-intensification 17-18 September 2008 WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon 15 WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon 18 Sep / 0200 UTC 17 Sep / 0200 UTC 16 Sep / 1800 UTC WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon DOTSTAR, DLR FALCON

  11. Sinlaku CC / Convective Towers (>14 km) • Deep convection • Reflectivity • Multiple towers with reflectivity > 35 dBZ at 12 km • Base of reflectivity in the tower region increases to the east • Vorticity • Deep towers of positive vorticity coincident with towers of high reflectivity; maximum between 10-12 km • Maxima associated with the Sinlaku LLCC tilts eastward with height into western tower of positive vorticity • Vertical Motion • ~30 m s-1 • Maximum between 10-12 km • Convergence into the column through 10 km; divergence at upper-levels W E

  12. TY Sinlaku: 1200 UTC 10 September – 0000 UTC 21 September 21 20 19 18 16 17 DLR FALCON WC-130J, NRL P-3 WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon 15 WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon DOTSTAR, DLR FALCON Transformation Stages Re-intensification as a typhoon Extratropical Stage • Impacts and Processes associated with the Extratropical Transition of TY Sinlaku • Uncertainty in downstream development • Utility of aircraft data in identifying important structural characteristics

  13. ELDORA reflectivity and horizontal winds as defined by the SAMURAI analysis package developed by Michael Bell. TC Structural characteristics are related to the forcing due to westerly vertical wind shear Annette Forster, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany

  14. Areal coverage of upward and downward motion in each quadrant of the storm Northwest Northeast Southwest Southeast Annette Forster, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany

  15. Final Stage of Extratropical Transition TY Sinlaku: 1200 UTC 10 September – 0000 UTC 21 September 21 20 19 18 16 17 DLR FALCON WC-130J, NRL P-3 WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon 15 WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon WC-130J, NRL P-3, DLR Falcon DOTSTAR, DLR FALCON Transformation Stages Re-intensification as a typhoon Extratropical Stage • Impacts and Processes associated with the Extratropical Transition of TY Sinlaku • Uncertainty in downstream development • Utility of aircraft data in identifying important structural characteristics

  16. ECMWF Analysis (YOTC) used as background for SAMURAI Analysis SAMURAI Analysis with ELDORA, aircraft, and satellite data Black line = NRL P-3 flight path, black arcs = NRL P-3 and WC-130J Dropwindsonde trajectories Julian Quinting, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany

  17. Analysis of aircraft dropwindsonde data, satellite winds, and ELDORA winds with the background field defined by the ECMWF analysis as obtained from the YOTC database Julian Quinting, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany

  18. South North South North Convective region (x = 125 km) ELDORA Reflectivity with SAMURAI in-plane and vertical winds SAMURAI in-plane and vertical winds and moist static energy Julian Quinting, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany

  19. South North South North Convective region (x = 125 km) ELDORA Reflectivity with SAMURAI in-plane and vertical winds SAMURAI in-plane and vertical winds and moist static energy Julian Quinting, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany

  20. T-PARC/TCS-08 Related Publications/Theses

  21. Summary and Outlook • Successful field campaign • Design • Execution • Data processing – QC • Distributed Data Archive (http://data.eol.ucar.edu/master_list/?project=T-PARC) • Initial Results • Concentrated on results of targeted data experiments • Data denial experiments • Improved forecast tracks during pre-recurvature periods • Forecast improvements are sensitive to the type of aircraft observations (i.e., inner core, near-storm environment, remote sensitive area • Forecast improvements are sensitive to the type of measurement (i.e., dropwindsonde, Doppler wind lidar). • Most recent results are examining the relative impacts of targeted satellite data • Meetings • International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones (ITWC) March 2010 • International Workshop on Extratropical Transition (IWET) May 2012

  22. Summary and Outlook • Process studies • Tropical cyclone structure and intensity changes • Interaction with YOTC and TIGGE • Physical processes • Forecast Verification • Extratropical Transition • Predictability of downstream impacts • New data sets providing detailed examination of structural characteristics. • Identification of the evolution to an extratropical cyclone • Outlook • Link detailed observations of post recurvature structure to impacts on the predictability associated with downstream impacts and development of the extratropical cyclone. • Examination of structure and intensity changes • Relative roles of satellite and in situ observations relative to improved track forecasts.