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Ecological Efficiency - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Ecological Efficiency. If ecological efficiency is 10%, and the green plants capture 100 units of energy, about ____units of energy will be available to support herbivores and about ___units of energy will be available to support carnivores. Productivity of Producers: The Rate Is Crucial.

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Ecological Efficiency


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    1. Ecological Efficiency If ecological efficiency is 10%, and the green plants capture 100 units of energy, about ____units of energy will be available to support herbivores and about ___units of energy will be available to support carnivores.

    2. Productivity of Producers: The Rate Is Crucial • Gross primary production (GPP) • Rate at which an ecosystem’s producers convert solar energy into chemical energy as biomass. Total amount of solar energy captured by producers via photosynthesis Figure 3-20

    3. Gross primary productivity (grams of carbon per square meter) Fig. 3-20, p. 66

    4. Net Primary Production (NPP) • NPP = GPP – R • Rate at which producers use photosynthesis to store energy minus the rate at which they use some of this energy through respiration (R). Energy captured minus energy lost Figure 3-21

    5. GPP: 3.8 kg C/M2/year Rate of cellular respiration is 2.4 kg C/M2/year….what is NPP? Sun Photosynthesis Energy lost and unavailable to consumers Respiration Gross primary production Net primary production (energy available to consumers) Growth and reproduction Fig. 3-21, p. 66

    6. What are nature’s three most productive and three least productive systems? • How productive are TRF as compared to lakes and streams? Figure 3-22

    7. Terrestrial Ecosystems Swamps and marshes Tropical rain forest Temperate forest North. coniferous forest Savanna Agricultural land Woodland and shrubland Temperate grassland Tundra (arctic and alpine) Desert scrub Extreme desert Aquatic Ecosystems Estuaries Lakes and streams Continental shelf Open ocean Average net primary productivity (kcal/m2 /yr) Fig. 3-22, p. 67