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Shingle Oak (a.k.a. Northern Laurel Oak) Quercus imbricaria Michx. By Egypt Crider 06/22/10 Elective Science. Classification. Kingdom: Plantae (Plants) Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants) Class: Magnoliopsida ( Dicotyledon ) Order: Fagales (Flowering plants)

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shingle oak a k a northern laurel oak quercus imbricaria michx

Shingle Oak (a.k.a. Northern Laurel Oak)QuercusimbricariaMichx

By Egypt Crider

06/22/10

Elective Science

classification
Classification
  • Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
  • Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
  • Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledon)
  • Order: Fagales (Flowering plants)
  • Family: Fagaceae (Beech Family)
  • Genus: Quercus (Oak)
  • Species: Quercus imbricaria (Shingle Oak)
shape form and type
Shape, Form and Type
  • The Shingle Tree is a deciduous tree
  • About medium size
  • Can grow up to 60 feet in height
  • 70 feet in spread

Figure 1: Shape and Form

shape form and type cont d
Shape, Form and Type Cont.’d
  • The crown of the tree is rounded and broad
  • When growing in the open, the crown has a more wide spread
  • A younger tree will tend to have a denser canopy
  • Mature Shingle tree will have a more open canopy with wide spread branches
slide5
Bark
  • Somewhat smooth
  • Brown
  • Becomes darker on older branches and lower parts of the trunk
  • Divided into shallow fissures

Figure 2: Shingle Oak Bark

slide6
Twig
  • Is usually thin
  • Color ranges from orange-brown to olive green
  • Lustrous
  • Adorned with cone shaped reddish-brown buds

Figure 3: Buds and Twig

slide7
Leaf
  • Leaves simple and alternate
  • Broad and flat
  • Smooth, unlobed margins
  • 3-6 inches in length (oblong)
  • Leaf ends in stipule tip
  • Dark green, smooth
  • Shiny on top
  • Midribs are stout and yellow

Figure 4: Leaves

bud flower and fruit
Bud, Flower, and Fruit
  • Buds
    • Reddish brown in color
    • Conical
    • Pointed
    • Winter- light brown, small and ovate
    • Flowers
      • Pendulous yellow green catkins
      • Usually in a cluster
      • Fruit
        • Oval shaped acorns
        • Brown and dry
        • Food for animals such as deer, squirrels, raccoons and other mammals
slide9

Figure 5: Buds

Figure 6: Shingle Oak Flower (Male)

Figure 7: Fruit

habitat and range
Habitat and Range
  • Shingle Oaks usually grow on moist soil in Deciduous forests
  • Can be spotted growing with other oaks and hickories
  • These trees grow east of the Great Plains in the Midwest
  • Range: In areas from Pennsylvania south to North Carolina, west to Arkansas, and north to South Iowa and South Michigan
slide12
Uses
  • Used mainly in roof shingle making
  • Shade tree on lawns, golf courses
  • Furniture
  • Railroad ties
  • Beams

Figure 9: Shingle Oak shingle roof

references text
References (Text)
  • 2010. Quercusimbricaria. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quercus_imbricaria
  • 2010. The Official Website of Central Park- Shingle Oak. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.centralparknyc.org/visit/trees-blooms/tree-database/shingle-oak.html
  • 2008. Shingle Oak. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.mtzion.k12.il.us/tree/Shingle%20Oak.html
  • 2010. QuercusImbricaria Fact Sheet. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=70
  • 2010. Shingle Oak: Facts, Disscussion Forum, and Encyclopedia Article. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Shingle_Oak
  • 2010. Quercusimbricaria. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quercus_imbricaria
  • 1994. QUEIMBA. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://hort.ufl.edu/trees/QUEIMBA.pdf
  • 2003. Shingle Oak (MushroomExpert.Com). Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.mushroomexpert.com/trees/quercus_imbricaria.html
  • 2007. Shingle Oak. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.enature.com/fieldguides/detail.asp?recnum=TS0639
  • 2010. PlantFacts. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://plantfacts.osu.edu/pdf/0247-930.pdf
references pictures
References (Pictures)
  • Figure 1: Shape and Form. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.mortonarb.org/images/stories/tree_advice/tom-som/TOM_0809_Shingle_oak.jpg
  • Figure 2: Bark. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://bioimages.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/biohires/q/hqufa--brlarge12283.jpg
  • Figure 3: Buds and Twig. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=70
  • Figure 4: Leaves. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://bio.bd.psu.edu/plant_web/Fagaceae/Shingle_Oak_Leaf.JPG
  • Figure 5: Buds. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.phyplt.ipfw.edu/grounds/NativeTreesOfIndianaRiverWalk/images/Oak,%20Shingle,%20Bud.JPG
  • Figure 6: Flowers. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.phyplt.ipfw.edu/grounds/NativeTreesOfIndianaRiverWalk/images/Oak,%20Shingle,%20Flower.JPG
  • Figure 7: Fruit. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.mortonarb.org/images/stories/tree_advice/tom-som/TOM_0809_Shingle_oak-fruit.jpg
  • Figure 8: Shingle Oak Range. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=70
  • Figure 9: Shingle Oak shingle roof. Date Retrieved- 06/22/10 http://www.arrowroofingltd.co.uk/_images-gallery/gNewOakShingle/newOakShingle003.jpg