Understanding by DesignGrant Wiggins and Jay McTighe What is backward design?
Worth being familiar with. Important to know and do. Enduring Understanding. Wiggins & McTighe, p. 10
Interpretation Explanation Application Enduring Understanding has Six Facets Self- Knowledge Perspective Empathy Wiggins & McTighe, Chapter 3
the Backward Design Process… • Suggests a planning sequence with three stages: • Identify desired results • Determine acceptable evidence • Plan learning experiences and instruction
Understanding by DesignGrant Wiggins and Jay McTighe • Stage One: Identify desired results • What overarching understandings are desired? • What are the overarching essential questions? • What will students understand as a result of this unit • or lesson? • What essential and unit/lesson questions will focus this unit/lesson?
Understanding by DesignGrant Wiggins and Jay McTighe • Stage Two: Determine acceptable evidence • What evidence will show that students understand? • Performance tasks • Projects • Quizzes • Tests • Academic prompts • Other evidence…observations, work samples, dialogues • Student self-assessment
Understanding by DesignGrant Wiggins and Jay McTighe • Stage Three: Plan learning experiences and instruction • What knowledge and skills are needed? • What teaching and learning experiences will equip students to demonstrate the targeted understandings? • Now the activities can be developed!