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UNIT -3. SOLID GROUND CURING. Highlights:. 1. Large parts of 500x500x350mm can be fabricated quickly. 2. High speed allows production of many parts. 3. Masks are created. 4. No post curing required. 5. Milling step ensures flatness of subsequent layers.

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1. Large parts of 500x500x350mm can be fabricated quickly.

2. High speed allows production of many parts.

3. Masks are created.

4. No post curing required.

5. Milling step ensures flatness of subsequent layers.

6. Wax supports model, hence no extra support is required.

7. Create a lot of wastes.

8. Not as prevalent as SLA and SLS but gaining ground because of high throughput and large parts.


The steps in process are as follows

First a CAD model of the part is created and it is sliced in to layers using cubitos data front end software.

1. Spray photosensitive resin:

At the beginning of a layer creation step the flat work surface is sprayed with photosensitive resin.

2. Development of photomask

For each layer a photomask is produced using cubitals

proprietary ionographic printing technique.

3. Expose photomask

The photomask is positioned over the work surface a powerful UV lamp hardens the exposed photosensitive resin.

4. Vacuum uncured resin and solidify the remnants

After the layer is cured all the uncured resin is vacuumed

for recycling leaving the hardened area intact the cured layer is passed beneath a strong linear UV lamp to fully

cure in and solidify any remnants particles as shown in figure.

5. Wax is applied to replace uncured resin area

Wax replaces the cavities left by vacuuming the liquid resin.

The wax is hardened by cooling to provide continuous solid

support for the model as it is fabricated extra supports are not


6. The top surface is milled flat

In the final step before the next layer, the wax resin surface is

milled flat to an accurate reliable finish for next layer.

Once all layers are completed the wax is removed and any

finishing operations such as sanding etc can be performed no

post curing is necessary.


The entire layer is solidified at once.

Reduction in the part build time for multipart builds.

Larger prototypes can be nested to utilize the build volume fully.

No postcuring is required.


The system is large, noisy and heavy.

It wastes a large amount of wax which cannot be recycled.

SGC systems are prone to breakdowns.

The resin models of SGC are not suitable for investment casting because coefficient of thermal expansion is more than ceramics in resin which may lead to cracks in casting.


Laminated Object Manufacturing is a rapid prototyping technique that produces 3D models with paper, plastics or composites.

LOM was developed by Helices Corporation, Torrance, California. LOM is actually more of a hybrid between subtractive and additive process.

In this technique models are built up with layers of cross section of the part. Hence as layers are been added, the excess material is not required for that cross section is being cut away.

LOM is one of the fastest RP processes for parts with longer cross sectional areas which make it ideal for producing large parts.

system hardware
System Hardware:

LOM system is available in two sizes.

LOM 1015 produces parts up to 10x15x14 inches.

LOM 2030 produces parts upto20x30x24 inches.

Common build material is paper.

Build material has pressure and heat sensitive additive on the banking.

Material thickness ranges from 0.0038-0.005 inches.