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Country Report of Japan. The 28th Session of APPPC 23 September, 2013 in Jeju Island, Korea. Manabu Suzuki Plant Protection Division Food Safety & Consumer Affairs Bureau Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF). Today’s Topics. Revision of Import Plant Quarantine Rules

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Country Report of Japan

The 28th Session of APPPC

23 September, 2013 in Jeju Island, Korea

Manabu Suzuki

Plant Protection Division

Food Safety & Consumer Affairs Bureau

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)

slide2

Today’s Topics

  • Revision of Import Plant Quarantine Rules
  • International Cooperation
  • Issue related to the APPPC
slide3

Ⅰ. Revision of Import Plant Quarantine Rules

1. National Plant Protection Stations

68 offices

873 quarantine officers

(2013)

Major ports and airports

:5 main stations

:16 sub-stations

:47 branch offices

Tokyo

MAFF H.Q.

Kobe

Moji

Yokohama

Nagoya

Naha

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2. Categorization of Pests

Quarantine pests

A injurious pest that could do harm to useful plants in case of spreading to Japan and

(i) not yet confirmed to present in Japan, or

(ii) present in a part of Japan and being officially controlled

Pests

(Plant pests)

Subject to regulation to prevent its introduction /spread

Whether a pest should be categorized as a Quarantine pest or as a Non-quarantine pest is determinedby Pest Risk Assessment

Provisional

Quarantine pests

PRA to be conducted

Non-Quarantine pests

Pest that is not a quarantine pest for Japan

Not subject to regulation

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3. Overview of the Import Requirements

Current

To be revised in 2013

Quarantine pests

778 species

Quarantine pests (Total 990 species)

212 species will be added

1.Import Prohibition (17 species)

- No new species will be added

- Update host plants/areas associated with 3 existing pest species

2.Field Inspection in Exporting Countries (16 species)

3.Heat treatment or molecular diagnostic testing in Exporting Countries (3 species)

-7 species will be added

- Update host plants/areas associated with 5 existing pest species

  • Normal inspection at entry points
  • Post-entry quarantine

- 5 species will be added

- Update host plants/areas associated with 1 existing pest species

Provisional Quarantine pests

PRA to be conducted

Non-Quarantine pests (Total 334 species)

Non-Quarantine pests

108 species will be added

226 species

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4. Background of the Revision of Import regulations

1. Increasing risks of pests incursion

Increasing risks of introduction of pests with expansion of plants and plant products trade in terms of quantity, variety and countries of origin

Necessity of reinforcement of efficient quarantine system

2. Harmonization with international rules (IPPC)

“phytosanitary measures should be technically justified, transparent” (Preamble)

“Contracting parties shall establish and update lists of regulated pests using scientific names and make such lists available to other contracting parties” (Article VII)

  • Disclosure of the quarantine pest list
  • Application of appropriate phytosanitary measures based on results of Pest Risk Analysis (PRA)
slide7

5. The Process of Revision of Import regulations

March 2011

The Enforcement Ordinance of the Plant Protection Law (Ministerial Order) was amended (The first revision)

- published the list of quarantine pests and phytosanitary requirements

July 2012

Amended the Ministerial Order (The second revision)

- Revised Quarantine Pest List

-Revised Area/Plant/Pest combinations subject to import prohibition or regulations according to characteristic and risk of each pest based on PRA

  • July 2013
  • Proposed amendments of the Ministerial Order (The third revision)
  • Revised Quarantine Pest List
  • Revised Area/Plant/Pest combinations subject to field inspection etc.
  • according to characteristic and risk of each pest based on PRA
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6. Transparency

  • PRA reports are available on the MAFF website

www.maff.go.jp/j/syouan/keneki/kikaku/minaoshi-3ji-an.html

  • SPS Notification

G/SPS/N/JPN/316/Corr.1 circulated on 23 July 2013

http://members.wto.org/crnattachments/2013/sps/JPN/13_2896_00_e.pdf

  • Amendment of the Order and relevant Public Notices

By the end of October, 2013

  • Enforcement of Order and relevant Public Notices

A half year later from the date of amendment of the Order (April, 2014)

(A year later from the date of amendment for the revision of the growing site inspection)

  • Import conditions are available on the website

http://www.pps.go.jp/eximlist/view/exp/conditionE.html

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Ⅲ. International Cooperation

1. Heat Treatment for the Disinfestation of Fruit Flies

(JICA Training Program)

  • In 1919, fruit flies (oriental fruit fly & melon fly) introduced in Okinawa islands
  • Movement of host plants into the mainland had been prohibited by law until eradication programs made success (1986, 1993 respectively).
  • Vapor Heat Treatment (disinfestation) technique was developed while eradication programs were conducted, which enabled the shipment of fresh fruits and vegetable from Okinawa to the mainland.

Okinawa

  • JICA Training Program has formulated
  • for countries which want to export overseas markets
  • to acquire knowledge and skills on disinfestations of fruit Flies
  • 6 plant quarantine participants / year
  • (133 people from 40 countries, in total since 1988)
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2. Cooperation for Phytosanitary Capacity Development of Developing Countries (FAO Trust Fund Project)

  • Objective:

Improvement of phytosanitary capacity of developing countries with particular focus on Asian countries

  • Project Period: 4 years (Nov 2012 - Oct 2016)
  • Government/Partner Agency:

The IPPC Secretariat hosted by FAO (provision of human resource: staff)

  • Countries/Regions: Developing countries with particular focus on Asian countries
  • Activities
  • Cooperate in organization of Regional IPPC Workshops
  • Facilitate the implementation of IPPC CD work plan in collaboration with the CDC
  • Incorporate more CD resources into the Phytosanitary Resources website
slide11

Ⅲ. Issue related to the APPPC

ARTICLE VI: Measures to Exclude South American Leaf Blight of Hevea from the Region

…the Contracting Governments shall take the measures specified in Appendix B to this Agreement. Appendix B to this Agreement.

APPENDIX B

Each Contracting Government shall prohibit by law the importationinto its territory or territories of any plant or plants of the genus Heveafrom outside the Region …

Japan is unable to take such a measure in line with the SPS Agreement because there is no farmer who cultivates genus Hevea in Japan

Japan is still strongly awaiting Commission members’ acceptance of the adopted amendments to the APPPC Agreement (1999) which provides for deletion of the Article VI.

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Thank you!!

Arigato-gozaimashita!

Manabu Suzuki

Plant Protection Division

Food Safety & Consumer Affairs Bureau

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)

JAPAN