Decision making • The process of examining your possibilities, options, comparing them and choosing a course of action
Related quotes • Be sure you are right – then go ahead (Davy Crocket). • Doing what's right isn’t hard – knowing what right is (Lyndon B. Johnson)
Making effective decisions • Perception • Priority • Acceptability • Risk • Resources • Goals • Values • Demands • Style • Judgement
Six C’s of decision making • Construct • Compile • Collect • Compare • Consider • Commit
Construct a clear picture of exactly must be decided • Compile a list of requirements that must be met • Collect information on alternatives that meet the requirements. • Compare alternatives that meet the requirements • Consider the “what might go wrong” factor with each alternative commit to a decision and follow through with it. • Commit to what has been decided and follow through
Traps to decision making • Trying too hard to play safe • Letting fears and biases tilt your thinking and analysis • Craving for unanimous approval • Trying to make decisions which are outside your realm of authority • Willing to begin with too little inaccurate or wrong information • Overlooking viable alternatives or wasted tome considering alternatives which have no realistic prospects • Not following the six Cs • Failure to clearly define the results you expect to have • Worst of all failure to reach a decision.
“Good” thinking is an important element of life for success in this information age
What is critical thinking • ……. The ability to analyse facts, generate and organize ideas, defend opinions make comparisons, draw inferences, evaluate arguments and solve problems (chance, 1986, p.6). • ……. Critical thinking is the disciplined mental activity of evaluating arguments or propositions and making judgements that can guide the development of beliefs and taking action.
6 steps to critical thinking • Knowledge – to find or remember information
Trying to find “out of the Box “ Solution … ShikhaArora • Johnny’s mother had three children. The first child was named April. The second child was named May. What was the third child’s name?
What word in the English language is always spelled incorrectly?
If you were running a race and you passed the person in 2nd place, what place would you be in now? • Which is correct to say, “The yolk of the egg is white” or “The yolk of the egg are white?” • A farmer has five haystacks in one field and four haystacks in another. How many haystacks would he have if he combined them all in one field?
Answers : • Answers 1. Johnny 2. Meat 3. Mt. Everest. It just wasn’t discovered yet 4. There is no dirt in a hole 5. What word in the English language is always spelled incorrectly? 6. Billie lives in the southern hemisphere 7. You can’t take a picture with a wooden leg. You need a camera (or iPad or cell phone) to take a picture 8. You would be in 2nd place. You passed the person in second place, not first 9. Neither. Egg yolks are yellow 10. One. If he combines all his haystacks, they all become one big stack