By: Stephanie Montalvo Martinez. Technology of Cameras.
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By: Stephanie Montalvo Martinez Technology of Cameras
a boxlike device for holding a film or plate sensitive to light, having an aperture controlled by a shutter that, when opened, admits light enabling an object to be focused, usually by means of a lens, on the film or plate, thereby producing a photographic image. Camera made of three basic elements: an optical element (the lens), some with a chemical element (the film) and a mechanical element (the camera body itself) calibrating and combining these elements in such a way that they record a crisp, recognizable image makes up different cameras What is a Camera?
The first Obscura Camera was invented by Alhazen (1500) Daguerreotype Camera (1839) First American patent :Alexander Wolcott(1840) Panoramic camera patented: Thomas Sutton(1859) Roll-film Kodak and First mass-marketed camera ; the Brownie was patented: George Eastman(188-1900) Raise-camera (travel camera) (1900) 35mm still camera: Oskar Barnack(1913-14) History
Polaroid camera: Edwin Land (1948) Konica introduces the first point-and-shoot(1978) the Sony Mavica – the world’s first digital electronic still camera (1981) Kodak released the first professional digital camera system (1991) First digital cameras for home :Apple QuickTake 100 camera(1994-96) Japane Sharp’s J-SH04 introduced the world’s first camera phone(2000) Canon EOS 5D first consumer-priced full-frame digital SLR with a 24x36mm CMOS sensor(2005) History (continued)
Single Use Cameras Point and Shoot Compact Lens-Shutter Cameras Polaroid Bridge Cameras Rangefinders Twin Lens Reflex SLR (Single Lens Reflex) DSLR (Digital Lens Reflex) TYPES OF CAMERAS
Simplest cameras Contain a roll of color film encased in a recyclable cardboard box Single shutter speed and a fixed-focus lens Features : built-in flash and water resistance Recyclable Price range: $3-$15 Single Use Cameras
Best selling Easy use for non-photographers Auto-Focus, flash, viewfinder No add on pieces Instant preview Point and shoot
3 varieties: single focal length, dual focal length, and zoom fixed focus: focus is fixed at a point that produces sharp images starting from about 5 ft. away and continuing to infinity Infrared auto focusing. red-eye reduction flash Couple automatic shooting modes Compact Lens- Shutter Cameras
Intermediate cameras. Bridge the gap between "point and shoot" cameras and complex cameras Different lenses Red-eye reducing flash Limited range of lens focal length Bridge cameras
Compact Lightweight Uses: serious photography Interchangeable lenses Control: shutter speed, lens aperture, focusing, and exposure Disadvantages: limited in focal length (ranging from 21mm-135mm) and expensive Range Finders
Medium-format camera Two lenses: Top and Bottom Viewfinder Lens on top Shooting Lens on bottom Reflex mirror Twin Lens Reflex (TLR)
One lens: viewing and creating the photo Full manual control Interchangeable lenses Flash AF (auto focus) available Different modes Professional photographers SLR (Single Lens Reflex)
Past Present • Analogue • Film • Non-Editable • Huge wooden box form • Inconvenient • Set up Required • Digital • Memory Card • Editable on web programs • Smaller • Convinient • Phones • Upload Comparison Between the years
Compact Memory Voice Command Every day items Extra Battery power Senses The future
References: Davlin, A. (2011, October 11). History of cameras: Illustrated timeline. Retrieved April 30, 2013, from http://photodoto.com/camera-history-timeline/ Gerber, C. (2006). First camera invented. Retrieved from http://photography.lovetoknow.com/ First_Camera_Invented Types of camera. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/28146/examples.cameras.html http://photography.lovetoknow.com/First_Camera_Invented http://library.thinkquest.org/28146/examples.cameras.html http://photodoto.com/camera-history-timeline/