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Reflective Teaching. NLII Presentation Summer Focus Session. Teaching. “Teaching is the intentional arrangement of events so that appropriate learning will happen.” Robert Menges and Ann Austin (1994), AERA

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reflective teaching

Reflective Teaching

NLII Presentation

Summer Focus Session

  • “Teaching is the intentional arrangement of events so that appropriate learning will happen.”Robert Menges and Ann Austin (1994), AERA
  • Teaching today involves making choices in design, development, implementation, and evaluation of instruction and assessment of learning outcomes.
the goal
The Goal
  • To make it possible to put faculty in the center of a problem based model where faculty are…
    • Learners
    • Reflective practitioners using inquiry to support teaching
    • Researchers contributing to a community for shared scholarship of teaching and learning.
lewin s reflective cycle
Lewin’s Reflective Cycle
  • Concrete (Direct) Experience
  • Reflective Observation
  • Abstract Conceptualization (Comprehension)
  • Active Experimentation

so what do you need to know to teach better
So, what do you need to know to teach better…
  • Methods or approaches to teaching
  • Knowledge about what, how, who
  • Feedback and evaluation of results
what you need to know to teach better
What you need to know to teach better…
  • Methods
    • Eg. Systematic instructional development
    • Principals of teaching
  • Knowledge
    • About content to be learned, discipline communities, learners, possible strategies
    • Interpretation of research and published evidence
    • Interpretations of facts, ideas, knowledge domain, Internet searches.
    • Personal experience
  • Feedback
    • Eg. Student learning outcomes
impediments problems
  • Method
    • Knowing what options are available, vocabulary, strategies, how to choose for what context?
  • Knowledge
    • Hard to assess, reliability, validity, what research to read, differences among disciplines
  • Feedback
    • Timely, hard to get, how to interpret results.
  • Method
    • Instructional Design
    • Strategy matched to learner
  • Knowledge
    • Statistical support – Item Analysis
    • Organization tools - concept mapping
    • Try it, experiment
    • MOATS – example to learn about teaching methods and strategies.
  • Feedback
    • Change in student behavior
    • Test results, student ratings
    • Student retention
    • ValaNator – example of using technology to get feedback.
  • How is teaching and learning measured?
  • What are the targeted and expected learning outcomes?
  • How are the learning outcomes developed and measured by what standards?
  • Student conference/discussion participation
  • LO tracking with LMS – SCORM
  • Online surveys, quizzes
  • Student portfolio assessment
  • Student projects/presentations
what if we can
What if we can…?
  • Learn about teaching options and strategies for the design, development, implementation and evaluation of teaching and learning.
  • Have an environment where inquiry, experimental design, and assessment is supported.
  • Have ability to create teaching and learning environments for specific needs and convenience….
what is vala project
What is VALA project?
  • Virtual Adaptive Learning Architecture
    • University of Arizona, originally FIPSE-LAAP grant (3 years)
  • Design and develop environments for facilitating teaching, learning and assessment.
    • MOATS – Information about what and how?
    • VALAnator – Inquiry, test ideas and situations.
    • Instructional Learning Objects Repository
    • VALA Ontology/Thesauri

Module Organizer and Teaching Suggestor

  • What instructional strategies work best for what teaching and learning situations?
    • Teaching Scenarios
    • Browse
    • Interviewer and suggestor
    • Teaching tool
    • Resources
    • My profile
  • Promote reflective practice in teaching and course development in e-learning contexts by enabling inquiry ranging from formative evaluation to informal or formal research concerning how to “arrange events…”

Allows a teacher to explore…

  • the reliability of a test, exam, or survey used to measure a student characteristic or learning outcome.
  • data that shows the frequency of student interactions with the learning management system, content, instructor, or classmates.
  • looking at associations between a student characteristic and a learning outcomes measure.
  • an overall difference in a student characteristic or behavior  associated with a particular instructional strategy, tactic, or method versus another strategy, tactic or method.
  • an overall difference in a learning outcome associated with a particular instructional strategy, tactic, or method versus another another strategy, tactic or method.
  • differences in a learning outcomes related to a student characteristic and associated with a particular instructional treatment (strategy, tactic, or method)
valanator integration with learning management system lms
ValaNator Integration with Learning Management System - LMS
  • Make groups
  • Assign resources and tools.
  • Track usage data
  • Evaluation of results
  • Setup based on conditions configured from ValaNator to the LMS.
what are ontologies and thesauri
What are Ontologies and Thesauri?
  • Ways we define, relate and map knowledge domains?
  • Ontologies map definitions and relationships of terms and concepts in a subject area, field, discipline, with examples, instances.
  • Thesaurus have words and terms linked as similar, related, broader-narrower, hierarchical.
  • Terms and concepts in instructional design.
many potential research questions
Many potential research questions…

VALA tools enables us to join a national stream of inquiry…

  • Communities of practice.
    • National Learning Infrastructure Initiative - NLII Spring Focus Session
    • Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
    • NLII Summer Focus Session
    • NSDL – National Science and Math Digital Library
  • A project from the University of Arizona, Learning Technologies Center.
  • Project Team: Jenny Franklin, Jean Kreis, Wayne Brent, Sue South, April Andrian, Garry Forger, Jan Knight, Jimmy Reynaert.
  • For more info:
    • Wayne Brent,
    • Jean Kreis,
    • Jenny Franklin,