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Kingdom Animalia Mr. Nichols PHHS. Organism of the Day!. Horror/Hairy Frog: Trichobatrachus robustus

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organism of the day
Organism of the Day!
  • Horror/Hairy Frog: Trichobatrachusrobustus
  • The Horror Frog was discovered in 2008 and to the “horror” of scientists who studied it has an amazing technique. It has the ability to break its own bones in order to produce expendable claws.
oh the horror
Oh…the HORROR!!!
  • The end result may look like a cat's claw, but the breaking and cutting mechanism is very different and unique among vertebrates. Also unique is the fact that the claw is just bone and does not have an outer coating of keratin like other claws do.
  • It does not appear to have a muscle to pull it back inside so the team think it may passively slide back into the toe pad when its muscle relaxes.
  • Males of the species, which grows to about 11 centimetres, also produce long hair-like strands of skin and arteries when they are hurt.
what a hairy situation
What a hairy situation…
  • This species is roasted and eaten in Cameroon. They are hunted with long spears or machetes, apparently to avoid being hurt by their claws. The Bakossi people traditionally believed that the frogs fall from the sky and, when eaten, help childless human couples become fertile
invertebrate phylum arthropoda
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~
  • Body divided into sections/segments
  • Exoskeleton
  • Jointed legs
  • Well developed nervous system
  • Largest group of animals on earth
invertebrate phylum arthropoda1
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~
  • 3 subphyla:
  • Classified into classes according to the number of legs, eyes and antennae they have.

~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~


is divided into 3 classes

Arachnida – spiders, scorpions, ticks, mites

Merostomata – horseshoe crabs

Pycnogonida – sea spiders

invertebrate phylum arthropoda subphylum chilicerata
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata
  • Class – Arachnida
  • no antennae
  • 4 pairs of legs
  • 2 body regions - cephalothorax & abdomen
  • spiders, scorpions, mites & ticks
invertebrate phylum arthropoda subphylum chilicerata1
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata
  • Class Merostomata
  • Horseshoe crabs
    • Ancient group of species
    • Changed little over 350 million years
    • Aquatic, mostly found on Atlantic & gulf coasts of United States.
invertebrate phylum arthropoda subphylum crustacea
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum - Crustacea

5 Classes

  • Aquatic ones have gills
  • 2 antennae
  • 2 body regions or segmented
  • Shrimp, lobsters, crabs, barnacles, isopods
  • Many species taste delicious in butter
Subphylum Uniramia: 3 classes
  • Class Insecta (insects)
  • Class Chilopoda (Centipedes)
  • Class Diplopoda (Millipedes)
invertebrate phylum arthropoda subphylum uniramia
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia
  • Class Insecta
  • 3 pairs of legs
  • 2 body regions - head, thorax & abdomen
  • grasshoppers, ants, butterflies, bees
invertebrate phylum arthropoda subphylum uniramia1
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia
  • Class Diplopoda
  • Millipedes
  • segmented animals
  • Have 2 pairs of legs per segment
  • Primarily herbivores & decomposers
invertebrate phylum arthropoda subphylum uniramia2
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia
  • Class Chiopoda
  • Centipedes Usually terrestrial carnivores
  • Have 1 pair of antennae
  • Are often poisonous, using modified front claws to immobilize prey
phylum chordata subphylum vertebrata
~ Phylum Chordata ~ subphylumVertebrata

5 classes

  • Fish
  • Mammals
  • Reptiles
  • Amphibians
  • Birds

~ Characteristics ~


Eukaryotic with no cell walls

Heterotrophs (consumers)

~ Characteristics ~
  • Have a nervous system to respond to their environment
  • Locomotion relates to ability to obtain food
  • Most animals develop from a zygote.
  • A single layer of cells surrounding a fluid-filled space forming a hollow ball of cells called a gastrula.
developmental characteristics
~ Developmental Characteristics ~
  • The gastrula ismade up of three parts:
    • Ectoderm, a layer of cells on the outer surface of the gastrula,grows and divides developing into skin and nervous tissue.
    • Endoderm, a layer of cells lining the inner surface of the gastrula,develops into the lining of the animal’s digestive tract.
    • Mesoderm, made up of two layers of cells lying between the ectoderm and endoderm, forms muscles, reproductive organs and circulatory vessels.
developmental characteristics1
~ Developmental Characteristics ~
  • Animals that develop a mouth from the indented space in the gastrula are protostomes.
  • Animals that develop an anus from the opening in the gastrula are deuterostomes.
body plans
~Body Plans ~
  • Animals that are irregular in shape are asymmetrical.
  • Animals that are regular in shape are symmetrical.
body plans1
~ Body Plans ~
  • An animal has radial symmetry if it can be divided along any plane, through a central axis, into equal halves.
  • An animal has bilateral symmetry if it can be divided down its length into similar right and left halves forming mirror images of each other.
organism of the day1
Organism of the Day!!!
  • Velociraptor: Velociraptor mongoliensis
  • Kingdom: AnimaliaClass: Reptilia

Node: DinosauriaSuborder: Theropoda

raptor facts
Raptor Facts!
  • Existed approximately 75 to 71 million years ago during the later part of the Cretaceous Period.
  • . It was a bipedal, feathered carnivore with a long, stiffened tail and an enlarged sickle-shaped claw on each hind foot, which is thought to have been used to kill its prey.
  • Adults measuring up to 6.8 ftlong, 1.6 fthigh at the hip, and weighing up to 33 lbThe skull, which grew up to 9.8 in long, was uniquely up-curved, concave on the upper surface and convex on the lower. The jaws were lined with 26–28 widely spaced teeth on each side, each more strongly serrated on the back edge than the front—possibly an adaptation that improved its ability to catch and hold fast-moving prey.
cold blooded killer
Cold-Blooded Killer
  • Velociraptor was probably warm-blooded to some degree, as it required a significant amount of energy to hunt. Modern animals that possess feathery or furry coats, like Velociraptor did, tend to be warm-blooded, since these coverings function as insulation.
  • However, bone growth rates in Velociraptors and some early birds suggest a more moderate metabolism, compared with most modern warm-blooded mammals and birds.
organism of the day thursday
Organism of the Day (Thursday)
  • Giant Squid: Architeuthis dux
  • Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: MolluscaClass: CephalopodaOrder: Teuthida (Squid)
giant facts
Giant Facts!!!!
  • Recent estimates put the maximum size at 43 ft for females and 33 ft for males from caudal fin to the tip of the two long tentacles. The mantle is about 6.6 ft long (more for females, less for males), and the length of the squid excluding its tentacles is about 16 ft. There have been claims of specimens measuring 66 ft or more, but no giant squid of such size has been scientifically documented.
more facts
More Facts!
  • Like all squid, a giant squid has a mantle (torso), eight arms, and two longer tentacles (the longest known tentacles of any cephalopod). The arms and tentacles account for much of the squid's great length, making giant squid much lighter than their chief predators, sperm whales.
sweet facts
Sweet Facts!
  • Giant squid have small fins at the rear of the mantle used for locomotion. Like other cephalopods, giant squid are propelled by jet – by pulling water into the mantle cavity, and pushing it through the siphon, in gentle, rhythmic pulses.
  • Giant squid have a sophisticated nervous system and complex brain, attracting great interest from scientists. They also have the largest eyes of any living creature–1 ft in diameter. Large eyes can better detect light (including bioluminescent light), which is scarce in deep water. It is thought the giant squid cannot see color, but they can probably discern small differences in tone, which is important in the low-light conditions of the deep ocean.
organism of the day friday
Organism of the Day (Friday)
  • Komodo Dragon: Varanuskomodoensis
  • Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ChordataSubphylum: VertebrataClass: ReptiliaGenus: Varanus (alsoincludes Monitor Lizards)
komodo dragon fun facts
Komodo Dragon Fun Facts!!!
  • It is the largest living species of lizard, growing to a maximum length of 9.8 ft in rare cases and weighing up to around 150 lb. Their unusual size has been attributed to island gigantism, since there are no other carnivorous animals to fill the niche on the islands where they live.
  • As a result of their size, these lizards dominate the ecosystems in which they live. Komodo dragons hunt and ambush prey including invertebrates, birds, and mammals. Their group behavior in hunting is exceptional in the reptile world. The diet of big Komodo dragons mainly consists of deer, though they also eat considerable amounts of carrion.
awww yeah
  • Mating begins between May and August, and the eggs are laid in September. About twenty eggs are deposited in abandoned nests or in a self-dug nesting hole. The eggs are incubated for seven to eight months, hatching in April, when insects are most plentiful. Young Komodo dragons are vulnerable and therefore dwell in trees, safe from predators and cannibalistic adults. They take about eight to nine years to mature, and are estimated to live for up to 30 years.
  • The largest verified wild specimen was 10 ft 3 in long and weighed 370 lb, including undigested food….WOW.
  • Senses: Hearing=terrible, Sight: Meh, can see color has a hard time discriminating things that remain still. Taste: Exceptional, use of tongue to sample the air.
  • Moderately venomous, bacterial saliva.
  • Are thought to be monogamous lizards (rare)
organism of the day2
Organism of the Day!!!

Kingdom: Plantae

unranked: Angiosperms

unranked: Eudicots

unranked: Core eudicots

Order: Caryophyllales

Family: Droseraceae

Genus: Dionaea

Species: D. muscipula

fun facts
  • Dionaeamuscipula, is a carnivorous plant that catches and digests animal prey—mostly insects and arachnids. Its trapping structure is formed by the terminal portion of each of the plant's leaves and is triggered by tiny hairs on their inner surfaces.
  • When an insect or spider crawling along the leaves contacts a hair, the trap closes if a different hair is contacted within twenty seconds of the first strike. The requirement of redundant triggering in this mechanism serves as a safeguard against a waste of energy in trapping objects with no nutritional value.
don t get snappy
Don’t get snappy!!!
  • There are 29 different species of VFT.
  • With the Venus Flytrap, prey is limited to beetles, spiders and arthropods. In fact, the Dionaea diet is 33% ants, 30% spiders, 10% beetles, and 10% grasshoppers, with fewer than 5% flying insects
  • The Venus Flytrap is not a tropical plant and can tolerate mild winters. In fact, Venus Flytraps that do not go through a period of winter dormancy will weaken and die after a period of time
  • The Venus Flytrap is found in nitrogen and phosphorus-poor environments, such as bogs and wet savannahs.
  • Small in stature and slow growing, the Venus flytrap tolerates fire well, and depends on periodic burning to suppress its competition. Fire suppression threatens its future in the wild. It survives in wet sandy and peaty soils.
  • Although it has been successfully transplanted and grown in many locales around the world, it is found natively only in North and South Carolina in the United States. Currently, there are estimated to be more than 3–6 million plants in cultivation compared to only 35,800 plants remaining in nature.
event of the day
Event of the Day!
  • Desert Swarms of the World!
  • A plague of locusts is a devastating natural disaster. These infestations have been feared and revered throughout history. Unfortunately, they still wreak havoc today.
  • Locusts are related to grasshoppers and the two insects look similar. However, locust behavior can be something else entirely. Locusts are sometimes solitary insects with lifestyles much like grasshoppers. When environmental conditions produce many green plants and promote breeding, locusts can congregate into thick, mobile, ravenous swarms.
hopping mad
Hopping Mad!

A desert locust swarm can be 460 square miles in size and pack between 40 and 80 million locusts into less than half a square mile. Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day, so a swarm of such size would eat 423 million pounds of plants every day.

event of the day1
Event of the Day!
  • Largest and the Oldest


There are such living things on Earth, the oldest of which is aptly named Methuselah, a 14,800-year-old Great Basin Bristle-cone pine, located in Methuselah alley, Nevada. There was an older tree there named Prometheus but it had to be cut down in 1964, due to severe deterioration. This species of tree is thought to be the longest lived of all, but there are many other ancient varieties.

the bigger they are the harder they fall
The bigger they are the harder they fall….
  • Biggest: General Sherman
  • At 275 ft, a diameter of 25 ft, and an estimated age of 2,300 – 2,700 years, it is however among the tallest, widest and longest-lived of all trees on the planet.
  • Weighs 1,910 tons! That’s enough wood to build 25 two story houses!
  • 8 main phyla
  • No backbones
  • 95% of all animals are in this group
invertebrate phylum porifera
~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~
  • Sponges
  • simplest form of animal life
  • live in water
  • Do not move around
  • no symmetry
  • Pores (holes) all over body
  • 5000 species
invertebrate phylum porifera1
~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~
  • Examples: Tube Sponge, Glass Sponge, Sea Sponge
invertebrate phylum cnidaria
~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~
  • Live in water
  • Most have tentacles
  • catch food with stinging cells
  • gut for digesting
invertebrate phylum cnidaria1
~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~
  • 2 different shapes
  • Medusa - like a jellyfish
  • Polyp - like a hydra
invertebrate phylum cnidaria2
~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~
  • Examples - Jellyfish, Hydra, sea anemones, and corals
invertebrate phylum platyhelminthes platys for short
~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes (Platys for short)
  • Flatworms
  • Flat, ribbon-like body
  • Live in water or are parasites
  • bilateral symmetry
invertebrate phylum platyhelminthes
~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
  • Examples: Planaria
  • eyespots detect light
  • food and waste go in and out the same opening
invertebrate phylum platyhelminthes1
~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
  • Examples: Tapeworm
  • Parasite that lives in intestines of host absorbing food
invertebrate phylum platyhelminthes2
~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
  • Examples: Fluke
  • parasite
  • Lives inside

of host

invertebrate phylum nematoda
~Invertebrate Phylum Nematoda ~
  • Roundworms
    • Round, tubular body
    • small or microscopic
    • bilateral symmetry
    • have both a mouth and anus
    • Live in water or are parasites
invertebrate phylum nematoda1
~Invertebrate Phylum Nematoda ~
  • Examples:
    • Hookworm
    • Trichinella
organism of the day3
Organism of the Day!
  • Hagfish: Myxineglutinosa
  • The Atlantic hagfish, scientifically known as Myxineglutinosa, is an unusual sea creature. Its body is covered with special glands that can emit a sticky slime. In fact, a single hagfish can produce enough slime at one time to fill a milk jug. This has earned it the name "slime eel", although it is really not an eel at all. A hagfish will actually "sneeze" when its own nostrils fill with slime.
the sticky details
The sticky details….
  • Hagfish slime is different that any other natural slime secretion in that it is reinforced with tiny fibers. These fibers make the slime strong and difficult to remove. It is believed that the hagfish uses this slime to protect itself from predators. It can also be used to easily produce a protective cocoon for the hagfish. It is believed that this slime can actually suffocate predators by clogging their gills if they come in contact with it. The hagfish has a trick for escaping this slime cocoon. Believe it or not, this animal can tie itself in a knot and then pass the knot down the length of its body to wipe the slime away.
come at me bro fish
  • Over 60 different species are known to science. There is actually some debate among researchers as to whether the hagfish is really a fish. It is more closely related to some primitive creatures such as the lampreys. Hagfish have a long, eel-like body that averages 18 inches in length, although it is believed that some of them can grow as long as 32 inches.
long story made short
Long story made short…..
  • Since local populations of hagfish tend to be quite large, as many as 15,000, it is believed that they have a low mortality rate.
  • The Atlantic hagfish is a deep-water fish. They can be found at depths of up to 5,600 feet. They are known on both sides of the North Atlantic Ocean as far north as Norway. Hagfish prefer soft sea bottoms where they can quickly bury themselves when threatened.

invertebrate phylum mollusca
~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~
  • Soft bodies
  • Hard Shells
  • Live on land or in water
  • Have a circulatory system and a complex nervous system.
  • Important food source for humans
invertebrate phylum mollusca1
~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~

Class Gastropoda

  • snails and slugs
  • may have 1 shell
  • stomach-footed - move on stomach
invertebrate phylum mollusca2
~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~

Class Bivalves

  • 2 shells hinged together
  • clams, oysters,

scallops and mussels

invertebrate phylum mollusca3
~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~

Class Cephalopods

  • squids and octopi
  • internal mantel
invertebrate phylum annelida
~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~
  • Segemented worms
  • Body divided into segments(sections)
  • Live in water or underground
  • Have a nervous and circulatory system
invertebrate phylum annelida1
~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~
  • Class Earthworms
  • Eat soil and breakdown organic matter, wastes provide nutrients to soil
invertebrate phylum annelida3
~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~
  • Class leeches
  • Parasites that feed on blood of other animals
invertebrate phylum echinodermata
~Invertebrate Phylum Echinodermata ~
  • Hard, spiny skin
  • Live in salt water
  • Radial symmetry
  • Name means ‘spiney skinned’
  • Endoskeleton
invertebrate phylum echinodermata1
~Invertebrate Phylum Echinodermata ~
  • Examples: seastar, sea urchin, sand dollar and sea cucumber
what we know so far
What we know so far!
  • On January 1st, 2013 Chief Executive Kevin Baker from Chase Banks went missing from his office building. Cameras reported him entering the building at 8:22am but was not seen leaving the building.
  • He has been missing since then without a trace.
  • All of his personal items including his car remain in the office or parking lot.
kevin baker s last known photo financial summit washington d c december 17 th 2012
Kevin Baker’s last known photo(Financial Summit, Washington D.C. December 17th, 2012
latest information on the crash
Latest information on the crash
  • Main oil line to the engine was cut pre-flight.
  • Kevin Baker died of a single gun shot wound at close range to the left chest, prior to take off.
  • 1 Million dollars cash was in the plane’s cargo hold. The money was taken from Mr. Baker’s account 12 hrs prior to the crash.
clue found
  • A letter written by Kevin Baker was recovered inside the bag with the million dollars in it. It was addressed to Mr. Nichols……Here’s what it says….
kevin baker s letter
Kevin Baker’s Letter
  • Nichols,
  • Let me say first, Even when you find this letter i’ll be gone. Obviously has motive Nothing i can do can save me. All you can do is solve this, Remember the past, this will be Dangerous. i need you to find A man, You’ll Enjoy seeing him again. Remember me Still…
kevin baker s letter1
Kevin Baker’s Letter
  • Nichols,
  • Let me say first, Even when you find this letter i’ll be gone. Obviously has motive Nothing i can do can save me. All you can do is solve this, Remember the past, this will be Dangerous. i need you to find A man, You’ll Enjoy seeing him again, he did this. Remember me Still…
breaking news
  • The grave of Leonard Ayers was dug up and the coffin was taken early this morning.
  • Leonard dies soon after we solved the case last semester, he died before Mr. Baker went missing. Here’s a photo from the scene.