Hinduism. Unit Four. The Name. Hindu is universally accepted as word that refers to the religion of India. Hindu’s call their religion Sanatana Dharma . The word is of Persian origin, used to describe people who lived on the other side of the Sindu river.
- Devotion and love towards a particular personal
deity. It’s popular among Hindus because it
provides the opportunity to worship Brahman in a
- Followers focus their devotion through prayer
- The key to this path is good deeds and thoughts, which lead to the accumulation of good Karma. Good deeds are considered unselfish actions that are not done for a reward but because they are morally right.
3. Jnana Yoga – The Path of Wisdom
Practices and Rituals
Hindus usually practice their religion at home, first purifying themselves with water, usually by taking a bath.
The syllable OM, which represents the supremacy of Brahman, is chanted at the beginning and end of prayers and scripture readings. Called Japa, worshippers chant the names of deities as well as sacred phrases called mantras. This is a mantra that Hindu’s chant to greet the sun……..
“ I meditate on the brilliance of the sun; may it illumine my intellect.”
Rig-Veda – comprises 1028 hymns contained in ten books, that praise the ancient deities.
Yajur-Veda – a priest’s handbook for the performance of fire sacrifices.
Sama-Veda – melodies, chants and tunes for the singing of hymns.
Atharva-Veda – magical formulas, chants, spells and charms.