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table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Set 1 Cards
  • Set 2 Cards
  • Set 3 Cards
  • Set 4 Cards
  • Set 5 Cards
  • Set 6 Cards
  • Set 7 Cards
  • Set 8 Cards
  • Set 9 Cards
  • Set 10 Cards
  • Set 11 Cards
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set 1 1
Set 1-1

Name the main feature you will find on a physical map.


Rivers, Lakes, and other naturally occurring features are also shown.

set 1 2
Set 1-2

What is shown on a political map?

Borders and boundaries

dividing cities, states,

counties, nations, etc.

set 1 3
Set 1-3

What is a peninsula?

A body of land surrounded by water on three sides.

set 1 4
Set 1-4

What does an archeologiststudy?

  • Artifacts (items found in the ground that are evidence showing how earlier people lived)
set 1 5
Set 1-5

What does a Geographerstudy?

The relationship between people and the places in which they live. Example: mountains separate People & people terrace mountains to grow crops

set 1 6
Set 1-6

What does a Anthropologiststudy?

Ancient peoples and how man has evolved.

set 1 7
Set 1-7

What does an economiststudy?

The exchange of goods and services and the factors of production?

set 1 8
Set 1-8

Name at least three examples of a primary source…

  • Diary
  • Journal
  • Photograph
  • Audio or video recording
  • Interview of a first-hand witness
  • Autobiography
set 1 9
Set 1-9

Name at least three secondary sources…

  • Textbook
  • Encyclopedia
  • Biography
  • Re-enactment of an event
  • Lecture from a professor who did not witness the event
set 1 10
Set 1-10

Name at least three characteristics of a civilization…

• Cities

• Complex government

• Job specialization

• Writing system

set 1 11
Set 1-11

Name at least three changes that occurred during the Neolithic Revolution…

• Domesticated plants & animals

• Permanent dwellings

• Steady food supply

set 1 12
Set 1-12

What river(s) could be found in the area called Mesopotamia?

The Tigris and Euphrates

set 1 13
Set 1-13

Name at least two achievements of the

Sumerians of Mesopotamia?

Written language and Architecture

set 1 14
Set 1-14

What nickname was given to the area around Mesopotamia?

The Fertile Crescent

(because of its shape and rich soil)

set 1 15
Set 1-15

What is the Code of Hammurabi?

A code of strict laws with harsh punishments

set 1 16
Set 1-16

What river did the Chinese River Valley center around?

The Huang He (Yellow River)

set 1 17
Set 1-17

What geographic feature has isolatedChina throughout history?

Mountains (the Himalayan Mountains)

set 1 18
Set 1-18

What technique has been used by the Chinese, Japanese, the Incas and others to grow crops on steep mountain slopes.

Terracing or terrace farming

set 1 19
Set 1-19

What ancient river valley civilizationwas discovered in India?

The Indus River Valley civilization

set 1 20
Set 1-20

What river valley was settled by the ancient Egyptians?

The Nile River Valley

set 2 1
Set 2-1

Name at least two things the ancient Egyptianswere known for?

A system of writing (hieroglyphics) and Architecture (the Pyramids)

set 2 2
Set 2-2

What is monotheism?

Belief in one God.

set 2 3
Set 2-3

What is polytheism?

Belief in many Gods.

set 2 4
Set 2-4

Name the big three

monotheistic religions…

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

set 2 5
Set 2-5

Filial Piety, the five relationships, and civil service exams come from what belief system?


set 2 6
Set 2-6

Strict laws and harsh punishments are part of what social system?

Legalism (Founded in China by Han Fei and others)

set 2 7
Set 2-7

What city-state of ancient Greece practiced direct democracy?


set 2 8
Set 2-8

Who is the source of power in a democracy

The people or citizens

set 2 9
Set 2-9

Name the three most famous philosophers from ancient Greece…

Socrates Plato Aristotle

set 2 10
Set 2-10

Name the culturethat was created by the conquests of Alexander the Great?

Hellenistic Culture

set 2 11
Set 2-11

What four cultures were combined to form Hellenistic Culture?

• Greek

• Persian

• Indian

• Egyptian

set 2 12
Set 2-12

What sea was surrounded by the Roman Empire?

The Mediterranean Sea

set 2 13
Set 2-13

Name two aspects of Roman government that we still use in America…

The Republic& the legal system (taken from the 12 tables)

set 2 14
Set 2-14

Name at least two architectural achievements of the Romans…

• Roads

• Arches

• Aqueducts

• The Coliseum

set 2 15
Set 2-15

What is the name of the Hinduism based social order practiced in India?

The Caste System

set 2 16
Set 2-16

How can a person move to a higher social class in the caste system?

Reincarnation (By living a good life and being reincarnatedinto a higher form or caste)

set 2 17
Set 2-17

What was the major contribution of the Gupta Empire?

The concept of Zero (math and science)

set 2 18
Set 2-18

What belief system was practiced by the Gupta?


set 2 19
Set 2-19

How did Confucianism impact Chinese nobility?

Could lose their government positions to gentry(the educated class) based on performance on civil service exams

set 2 20
Set 2-20

What is filial piety?

Respect for elders

set 3 1
Set 3-1

What is the purpose of civil service exams?

Highly qualified government employees

set 3 2
Set 3-2

What occurred along the silk roads?


set 3 3
Set 3-3

What continent did the silk roads run across?


set 3 4
Set 3-4

What group is known for migratingthroughout Africa spreading their language and other ideas?

The Bantu speaking peoples

set 3 5
Set 3-5

What agriculturaltechnique caused the Bantu speaking people of Africa to migrate southward and eastward?

Slash and burn

set 3 6
Set 3-6

What skill did the Bantu speaking people spread as they migrated throughout Africa?

Iron working

set 3 7
Set 3-7

What factors lead to Native American groups having so many different cultures(different foods, clothing, and shelter)?

Different local climates and natural resources

set 3 8
Set 3-8

Who is the prophet that spread Islam?

The prophet Muhammad

set 3 9
Set 3-9

What city must Muslims make a Hajj (pilgrimage or Holy visit) to?


set 3 10
Set 3-10

List the 5 pillars of Islam…

1. Faith in Allah

2. Pray 5 times daily (facing Mecca)

3. Give Alms (charity) to the poor

4. Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca

5. Fast during holy month Ramadan

set 3 11
Set 3-11

Islam is primarily practiced in what area of the world?

The Middle East (the area between Africa, Asia, & Europe)

set 3 12
Set 3-12

Name the belief system:

Four Noble Truths, Eight Fold Path, practiced mostly in China


set 3 13
Set 3-13

Name the belief system:

Caste System, Karma, practiced mostly in India


set 3 14
Set 3-14

Name the belief system:

More of a social order that values respect for elders, education, harmony, and good government. Practiced mainly in China


set 3 15
Set 3-15

Name the belief system:

Read the Hebrew Bible including the Torah, started by Abraham, Followed in Europeand Americabut homeland is in Israel, also follow the Ten Commandments


set 3 16
Set 3-16

Name the belief system:

Believe that everything in nature has a spirit, followed mostly in Africa


set 3 17
Set 3-17

Name the belief system:

Believe that everything in nature has a spirit, followed in Japan


set 3 18
Set 3-18

Name the belief system:

Holy book is the Bible, worship Jesus, follow the Ten Commandments, practiced mostly in Europe and the Americas


set 3 19
Set 3-19

Name the belief system:

Follow the 5 Pillars, started by Prophet Mohammad, read the Koran (Qur’an), practiced mainly in the Middle East


set 3 20
Set 3-20

Which two cultures were preserved by Justinian?

Greek and Roman (Greco-Roman)

set 4 1
Set 4-1

What group of laws in the Byzantine Empire using old Romanlaws lasted for 900 years?

Justinian Code

set 4 2
Set 4-2

What language was spoken in the Byzantine Empire after they switched from speaking Latin?


set 4 3
Set 4-3

What was the Schism?

The split in the Christian Church

set 4 4
Set 4-4

What two churches did Christianity split into during the Schism?

1. Roman Catholic

2. Eastern Orthodox

set 4 5
Set 4-5

Which empire preserved Greco-Romancultureand passed it along to the Russians?

The Byzantine Empire

set 4 6
Set 4-6

Which form of Christianity was passed along to the Russians by the Byzantine Empire?

Eastern Orthodox

set 4 7
Set 4-7

What was the most important contribution of the Sui Dynasty?

The Grand Canal

set 4 8
Set 4-8

Name at least 2 advances in technology under the Tang and Song Dynasties.

1. Gun powder

2. Moveable type

3. The compass

set 4 9
Set 4-9

What were highly educated people in China called?


set 4 10
Set 4-10

What group of horse-riding nomadicpeople roamed the eastern steppe and eventually created a vast empire?

The Mongols

set 4 11
Set 4-11

Who was the leader of the Mongols?

Genghis Kahn

set 4 12
Set 4-12

What type of warfare used by the Mongols attempts to frighten or scare the enemy into surrendering?

Psychological Warfare

set 4 13
Set 4-13

How did the PaxMongolia increase trade?

*Pax = a period of peace and prosperity

Mongol warriors provided safety along the silk roads

set 4 14
Set 4-14

What explorer’s writings increased European interest in China resulting in a jump in trade?

Marco Polo

set 4 15
Set 4-15

What system of land ownership was used in Japan?


set 4 16
Set 4-16

What factor led to Korea being a cultural bridge between China and Japan?

Location between Chinaand Japan

set 4 17
Set 4-17

What is Feudalism?

A system of land ownership

set 4 18
Set 4-18

What major event involving Christiansand Muslims ended up increasing cultural diffusion between Europeand the Middle East?

The Crusades

set 4 19
Set 4-19

What document was King John forced to sign that limited the power of the Monarchy (Kings and Queens) and gave more power to parliament(British lawmakers like our congress) and to the people?

Magna Carta

set 4 20
Set 4-20

What event was responsible for at least one-third of all people in Europe dying in a short period of time?

The Bubonic Plague (a.k.a. the Black Plague or the Black Death)

set 5 1
Set 5-1

How did the Black Plague reach Europe?

Trade with Asia

set 5 2
Set 5-2

How did the cities of Ghana, Mali, Songhai, and

Great Zimbabwe grow wealthy in Africa?


set 5 3
Set 5-3

What were the two most important items traded in Ghana, Mali, & Songhai?

Gold and Salt

set 5 4
Set 5-4

Name one thing the Mayanswere known for…

Calendar (astronomy) & architecture (pyramids)

set 5 5
Set 5-5

What architectural achievement did the Incashave in common with the Romans?

A system of Roads

set 5 6
Set 5-6

What geographic factor caused the Renaissance to begin in Italy?

Location in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea (center of trade which made merchants wealthy)

set 5 7
Set 5-7

Name three Renaissanceartists…

1. Michelangelo

2. Rafael

3. Leonardo Da Vinci

set 5 8
Set 5-8

Name two Renaissancewriters…

1. Machiavelli

2. William Shakespeare

set 5 9
Set 5-9

Which Renaissancewriter wrote about gaining and keeping power and said it was better to be feared than loved?


set 5 10
Set 5-10

What invention sped up the spread of Renaissanceideas?

The Printing Press (Invented by Johannes Gutenberg)

set 5 11
Set 5-11

What was the Protestant Reformation?

The protesting of the corruption of the Catholic Church leadership and the establishment of new reformed church (the Protestant Church)

set 5 12
Set 5-12

What did Martin Luther do that started the Protestant Revolution?

Nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the church

set 5 13
Set 5-13

What was the biggest problem Martin Luther

had with the leadership of the Catholic Church?

The sale of Indulgences (give money to the church and they say you will go to Heaven)

set 5 14
Set 5-14

Why did the Protestant Reformation spread so fast?

Luther’s 95 Theses and the Bible were mass printed using the newly invented printing press

set 5 15
Set 5-15

How was the location of the Ottoman Empire important to their cultural diversity and economic success?

They were located on trade routes between Europeand Asia

set 5 16
Set 5-16

What empire did the Ottoman Empire conquer?

The Byzantine Empire

set 5 17
Set 5-17

What important city did the Ottomans conquer? How did they get through the walls?

They conquered Constantinople by using cannonsto destroy the walls

set 5 18
Set 5-18

What absolute ruler of the Ottoman Empire was famous for his laws?

Suleiman the Lawgiver

set 5 19
Set 5-19

The high demand of what Chinese product brought them a favorable trade situation with European nations?


set 5 20
Set 5-20

What Chinese admiral traded extensively on his large ships with Western Africa, India, and Southeast Asia?

Zheng He

set 6 1
Set 6-1

The Ming Dynasty began a period of isolation because they were unhappy with the influence of nations from which continent?


set 6 2
Set 6-2

Which two European nations were most involved in exploration during the early 1500s?

Spain& Portugal

set 6 3
Set 6-3

What geographic feature are Spain and Portugal a part of which made exploration easier?

They are on the IberianPeninsula

set 6 4
Set 6-4

Name two navigational instruments that made exploration easier in the 1500s?

• Compass

• Triangular Sails

• Astrolabe

set 6 5
Set 6-5

What Spanish conquistador conquered the Aztecs?

Hernan Cortez

set 6 6
Set 6-6

Name 2 military advantages that enabled the Spanishto conquer the Aztecs?

1. Horses

2. Guns

set 6 7
Set 6-7

What Spanishconquistador conquered the Incas?

Francisco Pizarro

set 6 8
Set 6-8

In Latin American Colonies what system created a class system where Peninsulares (Spanishand Portuguese) held all the power and natives and Africanswere used as slaves?

The Encomienda System

set 6 9
Set 6-9

What was the term used to refer to the exchange of goods between Europe and Africa with the Americas?

Columbian Exchange

set 6 10
Set 6-10

What was a negative effect of the Columbian Exchange for the Native Americans?

Diseases from Europeans wiped out millions of them

set 6 11
Set 6-11

What term refers to the voyage of slaves from Africato the Americas?

Middle Passage

set 6 12
Set 6-12

How did the Columbian Exchange benefit the health of Europeans?

New fruit and vegetables such as potatoes, tomatoes, and corn improved their nutrition and therefore their health

set 6 13
Set 6-13

What was the term used to refer to the belief that colonies existed only to provide raw materials and trade markets for the mother country?


set 6 14
Set 6-14

What is a Monarchy?

A government ruled by a monarch (a king or a queen)

set 6 15
Set 6-15

What is an Absolute Monarch?

A king and/or queen who has absolute power.

They answer to no one and have no constitutionto follow.

set 6 16
Set 6-16

Name three Absolute Monarchs/Rulers…

• Suleiman the Magnificent/Lawgiver

• Louis XIV & XVI

• Peter the Great

  • Frederick the Great

• Akbar the Great

• Ivan the Terrible

• Phillip II

set 6 17
Set 6-17

What is westernization?

Eastern people adopting western culture including forms of government and clothing styles.

set 6 18
Set 6-18

What Russian ruler instituted a policy of westernization?

Peter the Great

set 6 19
Set 6-19

What was the purpose of Puritan Revolution

in England?

To limit the power of the Monarchy in England

set 6 20
Set 6-20

William and Marywere King and Queen of England during what revolution?

The Glorious Revolution (Power of the Monarchy becomes more and more limited)

set 7 1
Set 7-1

What is a Constitutional Monarchy?

A government ruled by a king or queen whose powers are limited by the laws of the constitution

set 7 2
Set 7-2

Magna Carta, the Petition of Right, and the English Bill of Rights all limited the power of whom?

The Monarchy (Kings and Queens)

set 7 3
Set 7-3

Observationand experimentation were the central ideas behind what revolution?

The Scientific Revolution

set 7 4
Set 7-4

Name two Scientists from the Scientific Revolution?

  • Galileo Galilee
  • Isaac Newton
  • Anders Celsius
  • AdreausVesalius
set 7 5
Set 7-5

What is the heliocentric model of the Solar System?

The Sun-centered model (planets revolve around the sun not the Earth)

set 7 6
Set 7-6

Who developed the Heliocentric Model of the Solar System?

Galileo Galilee

set 7 7
Set 7-7

People challenging many scientific theories used what document for their source of information?

The Bible

set 7 8
Set 7-8

During what period were human reasoning and natural laws emphasized?

The Enlightenment Period

set 7 9
Set 7-9

Name the Enlightenment thinker:

“All people are born with the right to life, liberty, and property.”

John Locke

set 7 10
Set 7-10

Name the Enlightenmentthinker:

“Separation of Powers should be used to avoid the abuse of power.”


set 7 11
Set 7-11

Name the Enlightenment thinker:

“All people should have freedom of thought, expression, religion.”


set 7 12
Set 7-12

What was the 3rd Estate in France upset about?

Their level of representation at the Estates General

set 7 13
Set 7-13

Which event happened 1st?

• Napoleon became emperor of France.

• The Declaration of the Rights of Man was issued.

• Louis XVI called the Estates General into session.

• The Committee of Public Safety led the Reign of Terror.

Louis XVI called the Estates General into session.

set 7 14
Set 7-14

The period of leadership by MaximillienRobespierre in which thousands saw their fate via the Guillotine became known as…

The Reign of Terror

set 7 15
Set 7-15

Put the following French Revolution leaders in the correct order…

Robespierre, Napoleon Bonaparte, King Louis XVI

1. King Louis XVI

2. Robespierre

3. Napoleon Bonaparte

set 7 16
Set 7-16

What factors played a role in Napoleon’sdefeat in Russia in 1812?

  • Harsh winter weather
  • Lack of supplies
set 7 17
Set 7-17

Name the Latin American Liberator:

Liberated Haiti from the French…

Toussaint L’Ouverture

set 7 18
Set 7-18

Name the Latin American Liberator:

Freed Columbia and other nations from Spanish rule…

Simon Bolivar

set 7 19
Set 7-19

Name the Latin American liberator:

Liberated Argentina, Chile, and Peru

Jose de San Martin

set 7 20
Set 7-20

Name the Latin American Liberator:

Liberated Mexico from Spain

Francisco “Pancho” Villa

set 8 1
Set 8-1

What term means having intense pride in your country or ethnic group?


set 8 2
Set 8-2

What was the goal of the Congress of Vienna?

To restore European Monarchies and achieve a balance of power in Europein order to maintain peace.

set 8 3
Set 8-3

This man helped unify Germany

“By Blood and By Iron”

Otto von Bismarck

set 8 4
Set 8-4

Giuseppe Garibaldi unified this nation


set 8 5
Set 8-5

Which pair of natural resources enabled Great Britain (England) to be the center of the first Industrial Revolution?

Coal & Iron

set 8 6
Set 8-6

What two social classes were created by the Industrial Revolution?

Working Class & Middle Class

set 8 7
Set 8-7

What Revolution left many farmers jobless and forced them to move to cities to look for work?

The Agrarian Revolution (Less farm workers needed because of use of machines)

set 8 8
Set 8-8

This invention sped the rate of transportation over land…

The locomotive (train) and the railroad

set 8 9
Set 8-9

What is the term given to the mass-migrationof people into cities?


set 8 10
Set 8-10

This man believed in Capitalism, a Free-market/Laissez-Faire economy in which the government did not interfere with business was good for the economy.

Adam $mith

set 8 11
Set 8-11

Describe some living conditions in working class neighborhoods during the Industrial Revolution…

Dirty, crowded, dangerous, high rate of diseases

set 8 12
Set 8-12

This man believed capitalism led to the horrible conditions of the Industrial Revolution and predicted the Proletariat (working class) would overthrow the Bourgeoisie (factory owning middle and upper classes).

Karl Marx

set 8 13
Set 8-13

Karl Marx suggested a class-free society under a government called what?


set 8 14
Set 8-14

Adam $mithwrote a book called what?

The Wealth of Nations

set 8 15
Set 8-15

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote a book called what?

The Communist Manifesto

set 8 16
Set 8-16

What caused massive death and migration of the Irish to the United States in the 1840s?

The Great Potato Famine

set 8 17
Set 8-17

Did Britishgovernment policies help the famine in Ireland or make it worse?

Made it worse

set 8 18
Set 8-18

What term means discriminationagainst Jews?


set 8 19
Set 8-19

What term refers to the movement to establish a Jewishhomeland in Palestine?


set 8 20
Set 8-20

What term means a larger more powerful nation taking control of a smaller and weaker one?


set 9 1
Set 9-1

What were Europeannations seeking during the “Scramble for Africa”?

Raw materials for use in industry

set 9 2
Set 9-2

What occurred at the Berlin Conference?

The division of Africaamong Europeancolonial powers without regard to tribal boundaries

set 9 3
Set 9-3

Who was not invited to the Berlin Conference?

Any representatives from Africa

set 9 4
Set 9-4

Which African group was famous for resisting European imperialism using advanced military techniques?

The Zulu led by Shaka Zulu

set 9 5
Set 9-5

What two groups did the Zulus fight against?

The Britishand the Boers (the Dutch)

set 9 6
Set 9-6

What war was fought over the land in modern day South Africa?

The Boer War

set 9 7
Set 9-7

What idea developed from Darwin’sideas about the survival of the fittest was used as an excuse for racism, imperialism, and genocide?

Social Darwinism

set 9 8
Set 9-8

What book by Rudyard Kipling made it seem as though European imperialism into Africa was to the benefit of native Africans because it brought them Christianity, democracy, and capitalism?

“The White Man’s Burden”

set 9 9
Set 9-9

What British trading company controlled trade in much of India?

The British East India Trading Company

set 9 10
Set 9-10

What was the name of the unsuccessful rebellion that attempted to remove British influence from India?

The Sepoy Mutiny

set 9 11
Set 9-11

What Chinese rebellion is often associated with India’s SepoyMutiny?

The Boxer Rebellion

set 9 12
Set 9-12

Losing what war caused Chinato lose control of much of the trade within its borders?

The Opium War

set 9 13
Set 9-13

Areas in China that were controlled by foreign nations like France, Germany, Russia, Japan, and Great Britain were called what?

Spheres of Influence

set 9 14
Set 9-14

What policy instituted by the United States opened trade in China to all nations?

The Open Door Policy

set 9 15
Set 9-15

What unsuccessful rebellion in China attempted to remove all western influence?

The Boxer Rebellion

set 9 16
Set 9-16

Prior to World War I, what region was called “the powder keg of Europe” because its cultural diversity led to constant tensions in the area?

The Balkans

set 9 17
Set 9-17

Describe the location of the Balkans?

Right where Europe meets Asia (mountains and trading route location led to many ethnic groups)

set 9 18
Set 9-18

What event is considered to be the immediate cause of World War I?

The assassinationof the heir to the Austro-Hungarian thrown Archduke Francis Ferdinand

set 9 19
Set 9-19

What are considered to be the MAIN causes of World War I?

• Militarism

• Alliances

• Imperialism

• Nationalism

set 9 20
Set 9-20

During World War I, which group of people were victims of genocide?

The Armenians (a group of Christians fighting for independence killed by Muslims in Turkey)

set 10 1
Set 10-1

What geographic factor caused Germany to fight World War I and World War II on two fronts?

It’s central location in Europe between enemies Franceand Russia

set 10 2
Set 10-2

What type of warfare made its debut in World War I and significantly slowed the pace of the war?

Trench warfare

set 10 3
Set 10-3

Name three new weapons that were used in World War I.

• Tanks

• Submarines

• Poison gas

• Airplanes

• Machine guns

set 10 4
Set 10-4

Heavy military losses, food and fuel shortages, and opposition to the Czar led to a communistrevolution (the Bolshevik Revolution) in what nation during World War I?


set 10 5
Set 10-5

What Czar was killed during this Russian Revolution?

Czar Nicholas II

set 10 6
Set 10-6

Who led the Russian Revolution while promising his people “Peace, Land, and Bread”?

Vladimir Lenin

set 10 7
Set 10-7

Once in power Lenin based his government on whose ideas?

Karl Marx

set 10 8
Set 10-8

What was the name of the peace treaty that ended World War I?

The Treaty of Versailles

set 10 9
Set 10-9

In the Treaty of Versailles who was blamed for the war, was forced to pay reparations, and lost control of its colonies?


set 10 10
Set 10-10

What organization was formed after World War I in an attempt to maintain a lasting peace?

The League of Nations

set 10 11
Set 10-11

What nation from the Allied Powers did not join the League of Nations?

The United States

set 10 12
Set 10-12

What nation was broken apart following World War I?


set 10 13
Set 10-13

What Turkish leader westernizedand modernizedthe nation by encouraging democraticgovernment reforms and encouraging a western style of dress?


set 10 14
Set 10-14

What document indicated British support for the Zionistmovement (the movement for Jewsto establish a homeland in Palestine)?

The Balfour Declaration

set 10 15
Set 10-15

Who led the Indian National Congress in the movement for Indian independence from Great Britain?

Mohandas Gandhi

set 10 16
Set 10-16

What method did Gandhi use to achieve independence?

Civil Disobedience (non-violence)

set 10 17
Set 10-17

What event included the shooting of at least a thousand unarmed Indian civilians?

The Amritsar Massacre

set 10 18
Set 10-18

What was the purpose of the British textile boycott and the Great Salt March?

To show the Britishthat Indianpeople did not depend on their products

set 10 19
Set 10-19

How was the problem of conflict between Muslimsand Hindus settled when India won its independencefrom Great Britain?

The partition of the Indian subcontinent into India (for Hindus) and Pakistan (for Muslims)

set 10 20
Set 10-20

Who is associated with five-year plans to industrializethe U.S.S.R. (the Soviet Union) and the collectivization (seizing and combining of private farms)?

Joseph Stalin

set 11 1
Set 11-1

What was the purpose of Stalin’s Great Purge?

To eliminate any potential threats to his power

set 11 2
Set 11-2

What happened in the Ukraine as a result of collectivization?

They resisted it and so Stalincut them off thus causing a forced famine which starved millions

set 11 3
Set 11-3

Who makes decisions concerning production in a command economy?

The government

set 11 4
Set 11-4

Why did the Japanese invade China and other nations in the 1930s (what did they want)?

Raw materials for manufacturing

set 11 5
Set 11-5

What form of government can be described as extreme nationalism where the state is more important than individuals and blind loyalty to the leader is required?


set 11 6
Set 11-6

Why were fascistdictators able to take power in Italy, Germany, and Spain after the Great Depression?

Economic hardship creates political instability (government instability)

set 11 7
Set 11-7

Name the Fascistleader who ruled Italy…

Benito Mussolini

set 11 8
Set 11-8

Name the fascistleader who ruled Germany…

Adolf Hitler

set 11 9
Set 11-9

Name the fascistleader who ruled Spain…

Francisco Franco

set 11 10
Set 11-10

Which fascist leader took power as a result of the failure of the Weimar Republic?

Adolf Hitler

set 11 11
Set 11-11

What policy used by the League of Nations and Europeanleaders attempted to avoid conflict by giving into aggressive leaders?


set 11 12
Set 11-12

Many people believe the harsh terms of what treaty led to World War II?

The Treaty of Versailles

set 11 13
Set 11-13

The attack of this nation by the Nazis is considered the start of World War II?


set 11 14
Set 11-14

Which nation violated the human rights of the Chinese in Nanjing?


set 11 15
Set 11-15

Why was the League of Nations not able to stop German, Italian, and Japaneseaggression?

Its military was too weak and its members were often afraid to act

set 11 16
Set 11-16

What term means the mass killing of an ethnic group?


set 11 17
Set 11-17

Name three groups who have been victims of genocide…

• Armenians (Turkey during WWI)

• Jews (Germany during WWII)

• Cambodians (Cold War era)

• Tutsis (Rwanda 1994)

• Bosnians (Bosnia 1995)

• Sudanese (Darfur 2003-2006)

set 11 18
Set 11-18

What term refers to the Nazi genocide of the Jews?

The Holocaust

set 11 19
Set 11-19

What mistake was made by both Napoleonand Hitlerwhen they invaded Russia?

Invading Russia in the winter while short on supplies

set 11 20
Set 11-20

What massive attack by the Allied Powers on the shores of Normandy, France forced Germany to fight on two fronts?

The D-Day Invasion

set 12 1
Set 12-1

The Japanese attack on what naval base drew the Americans into World War II?

Pearl Harbor (In Hawaii)

set 12 2
Set 12-2

Name the two Japanese cities upon which the atomic bombs were dropped…

Hiroshima& Nagasaki

set 12 3
Set 12-3

At what event were Nazis tried for their war crimes?

The Nuremberg Trials

set 12 4
Set 12-4

Which Asiannation developed a strong export economy “economic miracle” after being occupied by the US following WWII?


set 12 5
Set 12-5

Name two freedoms that are often repressed by Communistgovernments in order to maintain power…

• Freedom of speech

• Freedom of the press

• Freedom of protest

set 12 6
Set 12-6

Name at least two events that have caused mass migrations of people…

• Irish Potato Famine

• Partition of India

• People seeking jobs

• People fleeing genocide

• Division of Berlin & Korea

• Zionism (Jews moving to Palestine)

set 12 7
Set 12-7

What 3 nations were divided into communist and non-communist portions following World War II?

1. Vietnam

2. Korea

3. Germany

set 12 8
Set 12-8

Which portion (capitalist or communist) of divided Germany and divided Korea had the better economy?

The Capitalist portion

set 12 9
Set 12-9

Why was the Berlin Wall built?

To keep people from East Berlin (communist) from moving into West Berlin (democratic)

set 12 10
Set 12-10

What was the purpose of the Berlin Airlift?

To fly supplies into West Berlin (the democratic portion) and over the Soviet blockade

set 12 11
Set 12-11

Which two nations were superpowers during the Cold War?

The United States and the Soviet Union (USSR)

set 12 12
Set 12-12

What term refers to the policy of not joining either NATO or the Warsaw Pact during the Cold War?

Non-alignment (led by India)

set 12 13
Set 12-13

What was the purpose of the Marshall Plan?

To lend economic support to struggling nations in Europeto keep them from embracing communism

set 12 14
Set 12-14

What was the purpose of the Truman Doctrine?

To issue a warning the United States would do anything to stop the spread of communism

set 12 15
Set 12-15

What two major alliances were formed during the Cold War?

The North Atlantic treaty Organization (NATO& the Warsaw pact

set 12 16
Set 12-16

What was the name of the Eastern European communistalliance during the Cold War?

The Warsaw Pact

set 12 17
Set 12-17

What was the name of the Western European and Americandemocraciesalliance during the Cold War?


set 12 18
Set 12-18

Name three nations that were Soviet Satellites during the Cold War…

Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary

set 12 19
Set 12-19

Name the war…

• NATO & the Warsaw Pact

• Communism vs Democracy

• The Space Race

• The Iron Curtain

The Cold War

set 12 20
Set 12-20

Name the War…

• The Korean War

• The Vietnam War

• The Berlin Blockade

• Soviet Satellites

The Cold War

set 13 1
Set 13-1

Name the war…

• Truman Doctrine

• Marshall Plan

• Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

• SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)

The Cold War

set 13 2
Set 13-2

Name the war…

• Berlin Blockade

• Cuban missile crisis

• Vietnam war

• Crisis in Guatemala

The Cold War

set 13 3
Set 13-3

What does MADstand for and during what war was it an issue?

Mutually Assured Destruction during the Cold War

set 13 4
Set 13-4

What animal is a symbol of Russia or the Soviet Union

The Bear

set 13 5
Set 13-5

What group replaced the League of Nations after World War II as an organization of nations to maintain collective security (general world peace)?

The United Nations

set 13 6
Set 13-6

Has the United Nations (UN) been effective in preventing genocide?

Hell no

set 13 7
Set 13-7

Who determines which goods and services are produced and in what quantities in a market economy?

The producers and consumers

set 13 8
Set 13-8

Prices and the amount of production in a market economy is determined by what two factors?

Supply and Demand

set 13 9
Set 13-9

What two agreements (one in Europe and one in North America) led to greater economicinterdependence?

The European Union (EU) & The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

set 13 10
Set 13-10

What organization sought to control the supply of oil to also control prices?

OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)

set 13 11
Set 13-11

Name one positive social change made by Mao Zedong…

Women received equal rights

set 13 12
Set 13-12

Which type of warfare was used by Ho Chi Minh, Fidel Castro and Mao Zedong?

Guerilla warfare

set 13 13
Set 13-13

Whose ideas about government were used by Mao Zedong?

Karl Marx

set 13 14
Set 13-14

Which Chinese leader is known for the Four Modernizations?

Deng Xiaoping

set 13 15
Set 13-15

Gorbachev’s glasnost and perestroikabrought the USSR closer to what?


set 13 16
Set 13-16

Did Deng Xiaoping’s Four Modernizations help the Chinese economy?

Yes, opened up more opportunities & brought them closer to capitalism

set 13 17
Set 13-17

How did Chinarespond to students protesting for more democratic rights and freedoms at Tiananmen Square in 1989?

With tanks and troops killing hundreds

set 13 18
Set 13-18

In 1997 control over what city was returned to China?

Hong Kong

set 13 19
Set 13-19

Tibet, Taiwan and Hong Kong are under the control of what nation?


set 13 20
Set 13-20

India and Pakistanfought many times over the possession of what city?


set 14 1
Set 14-1

What leader led a nationalist movement (fought for independence) in Kenya?

Jomo Kenyatta

set 14 2
Set 14-2

What leader led a nationalist movement (fought for independence) in Ghana?

Kwame Nkrumah

set 14 3
Set 14-3

What term means the people being able to choose their own form of government?


set 14 4
Set 14-4

What term was given to the legal separation of blacks and whites in South Africa up until 1994?


set 14 5
Set 14-5

After the end of the Apartheid, who became the first black president of South Africa?

Nelson Mandela

set 14 6
Set 14-6

Name three people involved in fighting for the end of the Apartheid in South Africa…

1. Nelson Mandela

2. Archbishop Desmond Tutu

3. F.W. de Klerk

set 14 7
Set 14-7

What term is used to describe the lack of something that people want or need?


set 14 8
Set 14-8

What did the Hutu-led government in Rwanda want to do with the Tutsipeople?

Kill them all (commit genocide against them)

set 14 9
Set 14-9

What is it called when the rights people are born with are violated?

Human Rights Violations

set 14 10
Set 14-10

Name two nations in Africawhere genocide has taken place?

Rwanda & Sudan

set 14 11
Set 14-11

What has caused the many tribal wars in Africa and the dependence of many African nations on European manufacturedgoods?

The Berlin Conference and the European Colonization of Africa

set 14 12
Set 14-12

Which Southeast Asian nation fought in wars against Japan, France, and the United States during the 20th century?


set 14 13
Set 14-13

What Vietnamesenationalistleader fought for independence from the French to make Vietnama communist nation?

Ho Chi Minh

set 14 14
Set 14-14

Name three nations that at one point were divided into communistand non-communistparts…

1. Germany

2. Korea

3. Vietnam

set 14 15
Set 14-15

What is guerilla warfare?

Attack, then hide, then repeat

set 14 16
Set 14-16

Name three leaders who used guerilla warfare in their revolutions…

• Ho Chi Minh

• Mao Zedong

• Fidel Castro

set 14 17
Set 14-17

Name three leaders who were influenced by the ideas of Karl Marx…

1. Vladimir Lenin (Russia)

2. Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)

3. Mao Zedong (China)

4. Fidel Castro (Cuba)

5. Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam)

6. Kim Jong Il (N. Korea)

set 14 18
Set 14-18

In which nation did Pol Pot and his group the Khmer Rouge commit genocide (the killing fields) while setting up a communistgovernment?


set 14 19
Set 14-19

Which two groups have fought over the area known as Palestine?

Israelis (Jews) & Palestinians(Arab Muslims)

set 14 20
Set 14-20

What nation essentially promised the land of Palestineto both Jews and Arabs after WWII?

Great Britain

set 15 1
Set 15-1

What was the significance of the Balfour Declaration?

Indicated to Jews that the British supported their desire for a homeland in Palestine(a British Colony)

set 15 2
Set 15-2

The following events were part of a dispute between what two groups?

• The Balfour Declaration

• The Six Day War

• The PLO begins the Intifada

• The Camp David Accords

• The Oslo Accords

The Arabs & Israelis

set 15 3
Set 15-3

What term means rule or control of an area?


set 15 4
Set 15-4

What did the Jewsname the territory they were given in Palestine?


set 15 5
Set 15-5

What leader of Israeland leader of the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) won the Nobel Peace Prize for signing the Oslo Accords?

Yitzhak Rabin (Israel) & Yasser Arafat (PLO)

set 15 6
Set 15-6

What two religious groups have battled in Northern Ireland?

The Catholics (IRA) and the Protestants

set 15 7
Set 15-7

What group has been seeking self-determinationin Iraq and other nations in the Middle East and was attacked with chemical weapons by Saddam Hussein?

The Kurds

set 15 8
Set 15-8

Any time a person or group is unfairly deprived of life, liberty or property it is considered what?

A human rights violation

set 15 9
Set 15-9

Islamic fundamentalism in what country led to a revolution that brought the Ayatollah Khomeinito power?


set 15 10
Set 15-10

What Islamic State does the United Nations believe is working toward acquiring Atomic Weapons?


set 15 11
Set 15-11

What nation invaded Kuwaitin 1990?


set 15 12
Set 15-12

Most of the world’s known oil reserves are located near which geographic area?

The Persian Gulf

(in the Middle East)

set 15 13
Set 15-13

Which river valley is located in modern day Iraq?

The Tigrisand Euphrates river valley (the Fertile Crescent)

set 15 14
Set 15-14

The Islamic fundamentalist group known as the Talibantook power in Afghanistan after driving out what superpower?

The Soviet Union

set 15 15
Set 15-15

The need for what geographic feature caused Russia (the Soviet Union) to expand following WWII?

Warm water ports

set 15 16
Set 15-16

What was the name of the group in Poland who protested for democracy and freedom from the Soviet Union?


set 15 17
Set 15-17

The economic and political reforms pushed forward by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union were called what?

Perestroika& Glasnost(openness)

set 15 18
Set 15-18

Gorbachev’s economic reforms in the U.S.S.R. introduced elements of what economic system?


set 15 19
Set 15-19

Gorbachev’s political reforms in the U.S.S.R. introduced elements of what government system?


set 15 20
Set 15-20

Which leader’s policies led to the break-up of the Soviet Union?

Mikhail Gorbachev

set 16 1
Set 16-1

What event symbolized the end of the Cold War?

The falling or destruction of the Berlin Wall

set 16 2
Set 16-2

What Serbianleader committed genocide

(ethnic cleansing) against Bosniansafter the break-up of the Soviet Union?

Slobodan Milosevic

set 16 3
Set 16-3

Both Fidel Castro in Cuba and Mao Zedong in China relied on help from which class of people to win their revolutions?

The Peasants

set 16 4
Set 16-4

What communistgroup took control of Nicaragua?

The Sandinistas

set 16 5
Set 16-5

What canal was built to shorten trade routes between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean?

The Panama Canal

set 16 6
Set 16-6

What term refers to the overall quality of life within a nation?

Standard of Living

set 16 7
Set 16-7

Name two events that have improved the overall standard of living throughout the world…

• The Industrial Revolution

• The Green Revolution

• Globalization

set 16 8
Set 16-8

The Taliban and other Islamic fundamentalist governments have violated the human rights of what group in particular.


set 16 9
Set 16-9

Why were women able to gain more rights in Industrializednations following WWI?

Because they helped during WWIby replacing men in factories

set 16 10
Set 16-10

Why were women able to get equal rights in some communistnations including China under Mao Zedong?

Because communismis supposed to create a

classless society (everyone is supposed to be equal)

set 16 11
Set 16-11

What group of people sought independence

from Indonesia?

The people of East Timor

set 16 12
Set 16-12

What term refers to the success or failure of various nations’ economies being connected with one another?

Economic Interdependence

set 16 13
Set 16-13

Name two agreements that led to greater economic interdependence…

• The European Union (EU)

• The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

set 16 14
Set 16-14

The burning of fossil fuels is believed to be the cause of what environmental problem?

Global Warming

set 16 15
Set 16-15

What protective layer of the atmosphere has been eroding due to air pollution?

The Ozone

set 16 16
Set 16-16

What environmental problem was caused by the industrial revolution?


set 16 17
Set 16-17

What area of the world has been hit hard by deforestation during the 20th century?

The Amazon Basin in South America

set 16 18
Set 16-18

Drought and the overgrazing of grasslandshas caused what environmental problem in regions just South of the Sahara in Africa?


set 16 19
Set 16-19

What Soviet town (in the Ukraine) experienced a nuclear disaster in 1986?


set 16 20
Set 16-20

What revolution included the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and genetic engineering in plants to increase food production throughout the world?

The Green Revolution

set 17 1
Set 17-1

What epidemic has become a major concern especially in Africa?


set 17 2
Set 17-2

What term refers to the increased number of nations obtaining nuclear technology and the weapons that come with it?

Nuclear Proliferation

set 17 3
Set 17-3

Which two rivals on the Indian subcontinent both have nuclear weapons?

India and Pakistan

set 17 4
Set 17-4

Which two nations are currently developing nuclear weapons and causing concern for the rest of the world?

Iran& North Korea

set 17 5
Set 17-5

What term refers to the increased economic interactions throughout the world due to the internetand other advancements?


set 17 6
Set 17-6

Name at least three examples of a peninsula…

1. Korea

2. India

3. Italy

4. Spain

5. Saudi Arabia

set 17 7
Set 17-7

During the Golden Age of Islam they advanced in what two areas?

Math and Science (astronomy)

set 17 8
Set 17-8

Name the War…

• Fighting along the Ho Chi Minh trail

• Guerrilla Warfare

• Americans protesting the war

• Domino theory

Vietnam War

set 17 9
Set 17-9

Name the War…

• 38th Parallel

• Communism vs democracy

• Divided after WWII

Korean War

set 17 10
Set 17-10

Name the War…

• Assassination of ArchdukeFerdinand

• Trench Warfare

• Treaty of Versailles

• Wilson’s 14 Points

World War I

set 17 11
Set 17-11

Name the War…

• Stalin

• Hitler

• Mussolini


• Churchill

World War II

set 17 12
Set 17-12

Name the War…

• Holocaust

• Pearl Harbor

• Hiroshima & Nagasaki

• D-Day invasion

World War II

set 17 13
Set 17-13

What type of government exists when a leader has total control over everything in society?

Totalitarian Dictatorship

set 17 14
Set 17-14

Name two leaders famous for using religious tolerance.

  • Akbar the Great (the Mughals of India)
  • Queen Elizabeth (of England)