slavery and abolition n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Slavery and Abolition PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Slavery and Abolition

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 33

Slavery and Abolition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 133 Views
  • Uploaded on

Slavery and Abolition. When is evil so enormous, that it must be denounced, even at the risk of bloodshed and butchery?. “If you put a chain around the neck of a slave, the other end fastens itself around your own.” (Emerson, 1841). Characteristics of the Antebellum South.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Slavery and Abolition' - takoda


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slavery and abolition

Slavery and Abolition

When is evil so enormous, that it must be denounced, even at the risk of bloodshed and butchery?

slide2

“If you put a chain around the neck of a slave, the other end fastens itself around your own.” (Emerson, 1841)

slide3

Characteristics of the Antebellum South

  • Primarily agrarian.
  • Economic power shifted from the “upper South” to the “lower South.”
  • “Cotton Is King!” * 1860 5 mil. bales a yr.(57% of total US exports).
  • Very slow development of industrialization.
  • Limited financial system.
  • Inadequate transportation system.
slide4

KING COTTON

  • 1793: Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin
  • Economic Impact:
    • Cotton ½ of all exports after 1840
    • ½ World’s supply of cotton
    • 1/5 of British population tied to cotton industry
    • 75% of all British cotton came from American South
slide5

Slave Trade

  • 1808 – Slave Trade outlawed by Congress
  • Where did increase in slaves come from?
    • Natural Reproduction
    • Smuggling
    • A HUGE INVESTMENT
slide6

PLANTATION AGRICULTURE

  • “Land Butchery” – Cotton growing destroyed the land
  • Monopolistic – big got bigger, small got smaller
  • Financial Instability
  • Slaves were a heavy investment
  • One-Crop Economy
  • Resented North for getting rich at the South’s expense
slide8

Southern Society (1850)

“Slavocracy”[planter aristocracy]

6,000,000

The “Plain Folk”[white yeoman farmers]

Black Freemen

250,000

Black Slaves3,200,000

Total US Population  23,000,000[9,250,000 in the South = 40%]

slide9

SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF THE SOUTH

  • Who owned slaves?
  • ¼ of white southerners
    • Planter “Aristocracy”
      • 1/3 of Slave owners
      • Sir Walter Scott – glorified feudal society
      • Southern Women
    • Smaller Slave owners
      • 2/3 of slave owners
      • Less than 10 slaves
      • Small formers, similar to small farmers of the north
slide12

SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF THE SOUTH

  • 3/4 of whites owned no slaves
      • Lived isolated lives
      • “white trash”, “hillbillies, “crackers”, “clay eaters”
      • Shiftless, listless, lazy – Actually sick – malnourished
      • Biggest defenders of slave system – WHY?
    • Mountain Whites
      • Lived far from cotton kingdom
      • Hated planters and slaves
      • Civil War “Rich man’s war but a poor man’s fight”
      • Unionists
slide13

SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF THE SOUTH

  • Free Blacks
    • South:
      • 250,000 in 1860
      • Mulattoes – emancipated children of white planters
      • Purchased freedom
      • New Orleans – many owned property
      • “Third Race”
    • North:
      • 250,000
      • States forbade their entrance
      • Especially hated by the Irish
      • Race Prejudice
what specific information about slaves and slavery can you see in or infer from these photographs
What specific information about slaves and slavery can you see in (or infer from) these photographs?
slide18

SLAVE LIFE

  • Singing, Dancing, Banjos
  • Whippings
  • Family Life
  • Auctions
  • Separation of Families
    • Uncle Tom’s Cabin
      • By Harriet Beecher Stowe
slide20

Abolitionist Movement

1816 American Colonization Society created (gradual, voluntary emancipation.

British Colonization Society symbol

slide21

Abolitionist Movement

  • Create a free slave state in Liberia, WestAfrica.
  • No real anti-slavery sentiment in the North in the 1820s & 1830s.

Gradualists

Immediatists

slide23

William Lloyd Garrison (1801-1879)

  • Slavery & Masonryundermined republicanvalues.
  • Immediate emancipation with NO compensation.
  • Slavery was a moral, notan economic issue.

R2-4

slide24

The Liberator

Premiere issue  January 1, 1831

R2-5

slide26

Other White Abolitionists

Lewis Tappan

James Birney

  • Liberty Party.
  • Ran for President in 1840 & 1844.

Arthur Tappan

slide27

Black Abolitionists

David Walker(1785-1830)

1829Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World

Fight for freedom rather than wait to be set free by whites.

slide28

Frederick Douglass (1817-1895)

1845 The Narrative of the Life Of Frederick Douglass

1847 “The North Star”

R2-12

slide29

Sojourner Truth (1787-1883)or Isabella Baumfree

1850 The Narrative of Sojourner Truth

R2-10

slide30

Harriet Tubman(1820-1913)

  • Helped over 300 slaves to freedom.
  • $40,000 bounty on her head.
  • Served as a Union spy during the Civil War.

“Moses”

slide33

The Underground Railroad

  • “Conductor”==== leader of the escape
  • “Passengers”==== escaping slaves
  • “Tracks”==== routes
  • “Trains”==== farm wagons transporting the escaping slaves
  • “Depots”==== safe houses to rest/sleep