Christ Is the Owner of Haaretz. A Palestinian Perspective. My Context. I am a Palestinian Arab Christian I am living in the Middle East among Jews, Muslims, and Christians. All are equally loved by the God I worship.
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A Palestinian Perspective
What are the borders of Israel’s land?
Who is Israel?
How Did God give Israel the land?
Jeffrey Townsend had earlier suggested that there are general descriptions of Haaretz (Gen. 15:18/ Ex. 23: 31/ Num. 13: 21/ Deut. 11: 24/ 1Kg 8:65/ 2Kgs 14:25) and specific descriptions (Num. 34: 1-12/ Josh. 15: 1-12/ Ezek. 47: 15-20). He adds that these two options are not contradictory because the wider borders are only general and variable approximations. There is a distinction between Haaretz of the Israelites’ residence and Haaretz where they exercise sovereignty.
Kallai lacks textual support
Townsend downplays huge territorial differences
Weinfeld ignores the final form of the text
What about the theological context?
Anachronistic reading of the world “Israel” and equivocality and confusion are common problems.
“We the undersigned evangelical Christians affirm our belief in the right of Israel to exist … we, along, with most evangelicals, understand the Jewish homeland generally to include the territory west of the Jordan River … [W]e would view with grave concern any effort to carve out of the historic Jewish homeland another nation or political entity, particularly one which would be governed by terrorists … The time has come for Evangelical Christians to affirm their belief in biblical prophecy and Israel’s Divine Right to the Land by speaking now.”
According to God’s distribution of nations, the Land of Israel has been given to the Jewish People by God as an everlasting possession by an eternal covenant. The Jewish People have the absolute right to possess and dwell in the Land, including Judea, Samaria, Gaza and the Golan.
The New Testament also includes a plurality of meanings. “Israel” might designate God’s people who are led by a shepherd from Bethlehem (Matt 2:6), or a land (Matt 2:20), or the twelve tribes judged by the twelve apostles (Matt 19:12), or the Jews and the inhabitants of Jerusalem (Acts 2:22), or an ethnic group (Rom 9:4), or the followers of God (Rom 9:6; cf. Eph 2:11-22; Gal 6: 16).
- HaaretzAbrahamic will grow into HaaretzGlobal
- See Is 2:1-4
- See Ps 87