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Steve Bossart , Senior Energy Analyst U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Arlington, VA May 1, 2013. Smart and Microgrid R&D Military Smart Grids & Microgrids Symposium. Topics. Microgrid Concepts Challenges DOE Microgrid Program

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Smart and Microgrid R&D Military Smart Grids & Microgrids Symposium


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    1. Steve Bossart, Senior Energy Analyst U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Arlington, VA May 1, 2013 Smart and Microgrid R&DMilitary Smart Grids & Microgrids Symposium

    2. Topics Microgrid Concepts Challenges DOE Microgrid Program Selected DOE Microgrid Project Results

    3. Microgrid Concepts

    4. Microgrids & Smart Grids Microgrid Distributed Generation E-Storage Load Central Generation Load Transmission Distribution Includes DER & Load Defined electric boundaries Single controllable entity Connect and disconnect from grid Grid-connected or island-mode Distributed Generation E-Storage

    5. A Possible Future Distribution Architecture Municipal Microgrid Distribution Control Utility Microgrid Industrial Microgrid Campus Microgrid Military Microgrid Commercial Park Microgrid

    6. Why Microgrids? • Support integration of smart grid & renewables • Ease application of combined heat & power • Local generation reduces electricity losses • Disperses investments between central and local assets • Assist in reducing peak load • Serve critical loads • Provide local power quality & reliability • Promotes community involvement & energy independence • Provide local power during outages • Supports main grid • Provide ancillary services to main grid • Manage variability of loads and renewables locally

    7. Some Challenges and Risks

    8. Challenges to a Smart Grid • Businesses, state regulators, and consumer advocates are unconvinced of the value of smart grid technologies due to lack of performance data on costs and benefits • Insufficient or inadequate technologies, components, and systems to leverage IT potential of smart grid • No established standards for interoperability of systems and components • Insufficient cyber security for a smart grid architecture • Lack of a skilled workforce to build, install, operate, and maintain systems and equipment • Consumer understanding of the electrical infrastructure and opportunities enabled by smart grid technologies • Change management – vision, alignment, education, metrics • Future proofing – communications • Shift in regulatory paradigm – least cost, “used and useful”

    9. DOE OE Microgrid Demonstration Program

    10. Microgrid RD&D Projects

    11. DOE-OE Primary Microgrid Field Projects Renewable and Distributed Systems Integration Projects Mon Power - West Virginia Super Circuit Chevron Energy Solutions - CERTS Microgrid Demo City of Fort Collins - 3.5 MW Mixed Distributed Resources Illinois Institute of Technology - IIT Perfect Power Demo San Diego Gas & Electric - Borrego Springs Microgrid Smart Grid Demonstration Projects (ARRA) Battelle – Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration LA Dept. of Water & Power Smart Grid Regional Demo Southern California Edison Irvine Smart Grid Demo

    12. DOE OE Primary Microgrid Project Locations Battelle IIT Mon Power Chevron Ft Collins LADWP SCE SDG&E RDSI SGDP

    13. Smart Grid Demonstration Program (SGDP) Number of Projects • Demonstrate emerging technologies (including energy storage) and alternative architectures • Validate business models • Address regulatory and scalability issues • Large projects: $20M-$89M Small projects: $720K-$20M (Federal share) • 4-year projects (average) SGDP Recipient Types Non-Profit, 9%

    14. Common Objectives Among DOE’s Microgrid Projects • Reduce peak load • Benefits of integrated DER (i.e., DG, DR, e-storage) • Ability to integrate variable renewables • Operate in “islanding” and “grid parallel” modes • Import and export capabilities • Two-way communications (frequency, verification, data latency) • Data management • Price-driven demand response • Dynamic feeder reconfiguration • Outage management (i.e., number, duration, and extent) • Volt/VAR/frequency control • Balance distributed and central control • Cyber security • Interconnection and interoperability • Defer generation, transmission, and distribution investments

    15. Common Technologies Among DOE’s Microgrid Projects Generation and Energy Storage Renewable energy (PV, wind) Distributed generation (microturbines, fuel cells, diesel) Combined heat and power Energy storage (thermal storage, batteries) T&D Communications (wireless, PLC, internet) Advanced metering infrastructure & smart meters T&D equipment health monitors (transformers) Consumers Plug-in electric vehicles and charging stations (PHEV/PEV) Smart appliances & programmable thermostats Home Area Networks & In-Home Displays Energy management systems

    16. Selected DOE OE Microgrid Projects Fort Collins, COAlameda County, CA – St. Rita Jail

    17. Fort Collins SGDP

    18. Fort Collins RDSI

    19. Fort Collins RDSI

    20. CERTS Microgrid Demonstration at St. Rita Jail

    21. CERTS Microgrid Demonstration at St. Rita Jail Results • 14% peak reduction • Fuel cell (1 MW) • Photovoltaic (1.2 MW) • Battery (2MW; 12MWH)

    22. Cloudy Spring Day

    23. Contact Information Merrill Smith & Dan Ton Program Managers Microgrid R&D U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Delivery and Energy Reliability Merrill.smith@hq.doe.gov (202) 586-3646 Dan.ton@hq.doe.gov (202) 586-4618 Steve Bossart Senior Energy Analyst U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Lab Steven.bossart@netl.doe.gov (304) 285-4643 Key Microgrid Resources: DOE OE www.oe.energy.gov Smart Grid www.smartgrid.gov