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The Americas: Part II; Building Economies. Mr. Ermer World History AP Miami Beach Senior High. Building American Economies. Two common factors through Americas: migration & British $ United States & Canada react well Absorb migrants who eventually assimilate into culture/system

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The americas part ii building economies

The Americas: Part II;Building Economies

Mr. Ermer

World History AP

Miami Beach Senior High

Building american economies
Building American Economies

  • Two common factors through Americas: migration & British $

    • United States & Canada react well

      • Absorb migrants who eventually assimilate into culture/system

      • Exploit British capital for development of own nation/infrastructure

    • Latin America does not react in kind

      • Legacy of single export economy proves inflexible

      • Integration of migrants by plantation system, not factory work

      • Stronger legacy of slavery and indentured servitude


  • European and Asian migrants flood U.S. and Canada

    • Called by factory jobs, open land, railroad construction

      • Industrial migrants work in low skill, low wage factories—feed labor pool

      • Many build transportation infrastructure that connect far flung cities

      • Qing Dynasty encourages migration from China (population control)

        • Some leave as indentured servants, others pay own way seeking fortune

    • Also attracted to plantations & ranches of Latin America/Caribbean

      • Italians flood Argentina and Brazil as permanent migrants

        • Others migrate seasonally—”golondrinas”

      • Asian immigrants also seek agricultural work in Americas, Hawai’i

        • 15,000+ Chinese migrate to work Cuban sugarcane fields

        • 25,000+ Chinese migrate to work Hawaiian sugarcane fields

    • New peoples, foods, cultures, religions change American culture

  • Californian and Canadian gold bring rush of migrants, 49’ers

The united states
The United States

  • British capitalists seek stable, white governed outlets for investment

    • British monies help United States rebuild, industrialize after Civil War

  • Railroads help link nation, build national economy

    • Dense communication, transportation, and distribution network

      • Transcontinental railroad connect Omaha to San Francisco

        • Westward migration increases, allows further exploitation of resources

        • Standardization of time zones

  • By 1900, the United States is world’s biggest/richest economy

    • Inventors bring new products to market

    • High consumerism drives growth of big businesses

    • Labor Unions organize the working class, promote class interests/strikes

Prosperity in canada
Prosperity in Canada

  • British pay high prices for Canadian agricultural goods

    • Prevents discontent, promotes high standard of living

  • British investment helps Canada industrialize

    • Transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railroad

  • U.S. investment also helps Canada to industrialize

  • Migration from Europe and Asia enhances labor pool

  • Canada grows rich on industrial, agricultural, and mineral exports

Latin american economies
Latin American Economies

  • Latin America fails to industrialize like U.S. and Canada

    • Open to European trade and investment, exports drive growth

    • Britain takes control of Argentine meat industry, after refrigerated ships invented in 1860s, meat from Argentina supplies British appetite—benefits Argentina little

  • Latin America supplied raw materials to industrial powers

    • Rich elites grow richer through trade, economies never reformed

    • Latin America does not provide large market for manufactured goods from European countries, no incentive for control

  • Porfiriato Mexico attempts industrialization

    • Oligarchy and foreign investments benefit most

    • Working class resents low wages, foreign managers

U s society
U.S. Society

  • Multi-cultural society: “teeming nation of nations”

    • Conflict as different groups fight for rights, equality

  • Reservation Treaties w/ Native Americans not respected

    • Native populations pushed into increasingly cramped areas

    • U.S. law hopes to assimilate Natives into greater culture/society

      • Bureau of Indian Affairs, Forced attendance in Indian Schools

      • Attempts to end “Indian way of life”—killing of the Bison

  • Slaves freed after Civil War, but equality not guaranteed

    • After Reconstruction, civil rights for African-Americans rolled back in the South, “Black Codes” and “Jim Crow Laws” create rigidly segregated society

  • Women begin fighting for equality, Seneca Falls Convention

  • Anti-immigrant sentiment (anti-Catholic, anti-Semitic)

    • KKK, Know-Nothing Party, American League, White League

    • Ethnic neighborhoods develop (Chinatowns, Little Italy, etc.)

Canadian society
Canadian Society

  • French and British Canadians consider selves as “founders of Canada,” creating sharp political divisions

    • Euro-Canadians dominate Canadian society

  • Native Americans are substantial minority

  • Former Canadian slaves and escaped American slaves create an enclave of African-Americans

  • Chinese migrants work on Canadian transcontinental RR

  • Metis uprising and Louis Riel

    • Riel leaves seminary in Montreal, elected president of Metis government in Manitoba—government outlawed

    • Canadian troops move against Riel, committed to asylum

    • Canadian Pacific railroad threatens native lands, Riel leads new revolt

      • Northwest Rebellion, Riel executed

Latin american society
Latin American Society

  • Persistence of rigidly hierarchical society

    • Creoles, mixed race groups, indigenous and blacks on bottom

  • Asians migrate to Peru, Brazil, Cuba, and Caribbean

  • Indian migrants move to Trinidad and Tobago

  • Europeans migrate to Argentina, Buenos Aires most cosmopolitan city in Latin America, Havana second

    • Gauchos embody free range hopes of migrants, indigenous

  • Latin American even more patriarchal than U.S. & Canada