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  1. The Americas in the Age of Independence Chapter 32

  2. How did westward expansion impact the United States? • “Manifest destiny” • Railroads • Native Americans forced to relocate • Trail of Tears • Should new states allow slavery? • Civil War The Building of American States

  3. How and why did slavery come to an end in the United States? • Emancipation Proclamation • Northern states win the Civil War • Slavery abolished The Building of American States

  4. How did Canada gain its independence? • No war of independence • War of 1812; US vs. Britain • Population growth • Independence, some British control The Building of American States

  5. Why did Latin American countries have trouble creating stable governments? • Strict rule by Spain and Portugal • No experience in self-government • Multiple constitutions The Building of American States

  6. Why did so many Europeans immigrate to the Americas? • Job opportunities; industrialization and agriculture • Increasing rents and debts in Europe • Opportunities for wealth and land American Economic Development

  7. What were the contributions to and effects of economic expansion and industrialization in the United States? • British investment; textiles, coal, etc. • Railroads; time zones • New inventions • Labor unions vs. big business American Economic Development

  8. How did Canada prosper during the Industrial Revolution? • British capital • Canadian Pacific Railroad • National Policy American Economic Development

  9. Why did Latin America not industrialize as North America did? • Colonial legacies • Small markets; little foreign investment • Attempt to encourage industrialization American Economic Development

  10. How was the United States affected by its multicultural makeup? • Treatment of Native Americans • Freed slaves’ place in society • Women’s rights • Immigrants American Cultural and Social Diversity

  11. How was Canada affected by its multiple cultures? • Division between French and British Canadians • Freed slaves • Chinese migrants • Natives and Métis American Cultural and Social Diversity

  12. How was Latin American society impacted by its various residents? • Social hierarchy by race/ethnicity • Asian and European immigrants • Gauchos (cowboys) • Patriarchal society; male-dominated American Cultural and Social Diversity