COMPARATIVES & SUPERLATIVES Xavier Pujolà
Short Adjectives • Twotypes: • · Onesyllable(most adjectives) butnotpast participleslikebored or scared • · Two-syllable adjectives whichend in –y/-le/-er/-owlikeuglyorclever • Weadd-er to short adjectives to makecomparatives and -est to makethesuperlativeform; likelongeror longest • Iftheadjectiveends in –eweadd-r or -stlikewide/wider/widest • Ifitends in a single voweland consonant, wedoublethe consonant and add-er or -est likebig/bigger/biggest • Some adjectives areirregularlike: • Good/better/best • Far/further/furthest • Bad/worse/worst
Long Adjectives • Weusemoreand mostfor themajority of long adjectives whichhavemorethanonesyllable. • Examples: • Exciting/moreexciting/most exciting • Attractive/moreattractive/most attractive • Intelligent/moreintelligent/most intelligent
Adverbs • Weaddmoreand mostto form comparatives and superlatives • Whentwo-syllable adjectives ends in -lyweadd-er and –est • -Weusemoreand mostfor two-syllableadverbslikemoreslowly/most slowly • Some irregular verbs havethesameformsending as short adjectives -er /-est to form superlatives and comparatives. • Examples: • Fast/faster/fastest • Well/better/best • Badly/worse/worst
More/Most and Less/Least • To makecomparativeformsweusemuch/manyand to makesuperlativesweusemore/most • Wecanusemore/most to reffer as thegreatestor thebetterin something • Wecanuseless/leastwithadjectives or adverbsto makecomparisons • Examples: • I atemorethanmybrother, butmydadatethemost • Consumers arestarting to complainmore • We’relesspoorthanweused to be
Excercise My brother has a (tidy) room than me. Australia is (big) than England. I'm (good) now than yesterday. She's got (little) friends than you, but she doesn't care. He thinks Chinese is (difficult) language in the world Valencia played (bad) than Real Madrid yesterday. Cats are not (intelligent) as dogs. Show me (good) restaurant downtown. (hot) desert of all is the Sahara and it's in Africa. Who is (talkative) person in your family?
Excercise My brother has a tidier (tidy) room than me. Australia is bigger (big) than England. I'm better (good) now than yesterday. She's got less (little) friends than you, but she doesn't care. He thinks Chinese is the most difficult (difficult) language in the world Real Madrid played worse (bad) than Valencia yesterday. Cats are not as intelligent (intelligent) as dogs. Show me the best (good) restaurant downtown. The hottest (hot) desert of all is the Sahara and it's in Africa. Who is the most talkative (talkative) person in your family?