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100 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Marital Status of Elders by Age and Sex, United States, 1991 100 Never married Married spouse present Divorced or separated Widowed 82.4 79.0 80 69.5 61.1 60 51.4 47.5 45.6 40 35.3 28.1 20.2 20 9.2 8.8 8.5 7.2 6.1 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.2 4.6 4.8 4.1 3.3 1.8 0 65-74 75-84 85+ 65-74 75-84 85+ Males Age Females Age Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census (1992)

  2. Relationship Status of Self-Identified Lesbians and Gay Men over Fifty Years Old With person of same sex 36.6% Not in a relationship 21.3% 30 Separated from same-sex relationship 13.8% Separated from heterosexual 13.8% Heterosexual marriage 5% Widowed from same-sex relationship 5% Widowed from heterosexual marriage 2.5%

  3. Health and Psychological Well-Being in 1991, by 1977 Importance of Being a Religious Person 1991 Mean Scores Rating of Life in Retirement 1977 Importance of Being Religious Self-Rated Health Functional Health Morale Important Unimportant 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.4 32.9 32.8 84.4* 80.2 Note: *Mean differences significant at the .05 level or better, using t-tests. Source: Atchley (1997).

  4. Summary of Psychosocial Development in Late Adulthood • Retirement becomes a major decision with financial, social and psychological aspects. • Older adults must cope with losses. • Erikson’s crisis of integrity vs despair • Life review may take place at this time or earlier. • Ageism may impair the progress of the older adult.