6 + 1 Traits of Effective Writing • Ideas • Organization • Voice • Word Choice • Sentence Fluency • Conventions • Presentation
IDEAS The heart of the message, the content of the piece, the main theme, together with details, enrich and develop the theme. Ideas are strong when the message is clear. Ideas chosen are interesting, important, and informative.
ORGANIZATION • The internal structure of the writing; the thread of central meaning, the pattern. • Can be developed in several ways; comparison/contrast, chronology, analysis, development of central theme, etc. • Strong organization uses logic, creates meaning, has strong connections so that the reader understands the purpose of the piece. • The piece closes with a sense of resolution.
VOICE • The sense that a real person is involved in the writing. • Voice is the heart and soul of the writing. • The piece has its own unique tone and flavor.
WORD CHOICE • The use of rich, colorful, precise language that moves and enlightens reader. • Clarifies and expands ideas. • Exhibits mastery of vocabulary necessary to convey the message.
SENTENCE FLUENCY • The rhythm and flow of the language. • Fluent writing uses transitions and has power and rhythm. • Free of awkward word patterns. • Sentences vary in length and style, and are well crafted.
CONVENTIONS • The mechanical correctness of the piece -- spelling, grammar and usage, paragraphing, use of capitals, and punctuation. • This writing has been proofread and edited with care.
PRESENTATION • We will use the Helps Packet & the EDHS Writing Standards. • Included in this trait is neatness and readability. Text must be readable in order to be read and assessed. • This trait also includes graphs, maps etc.
The Path to Improved Writing • Students will assess their own writing as well as the writing of their peers. • Knowing what is expected will help them to improve. • Providing a common language will help students identify areas where they excel as well as where they need improvement.
THE MEAP CONNECTION… • Ideas • Organization • Voice and Tone • Fluency • Conventions • Let’s not reinvent the wheel!!