Let’s Talk About… ADVERBS!
What is an Adverb? • Traditionally, an adverb is: • A word that describes a verb • Generally ends in –ly • However, • It does not have to end in –ly • It can describe an adjective or another adverb
Jerry Jerry ran quickly to work because he was running late. What did Jerry do quickly? He ran. Quickly is an adverb describing the verb ran in this sentence.
Olaf • Olaf always drinks iced tea when he is hanging out on the beach. • When does Olaf drink iced tea? • Always • The word always is taking on the role of an adverb in this sentence because it is describing the frequency of Olaf’s actions.
Frequency These are the adverbs that describe how often an action takes place. Examples include: Always, generally, occasionally, seldom, never, usually, sometimes
Time These adverbs refer to the time at which something occurred, and this time can be both definite or indefinite. Examples: Indefinite: before, already next Definite: Yesterday, today, tomorrow
Degree These adverbs alter the tone or the force of an adjective or adverb. They can be both intensifiers and downtowners. Examples: Intensifiers: very, extremely, totally Downtowners: slightly, almost, somewhat
Attitude These adverbs help to convey the opinion of the speaker. Examples: Obviously, surprisingly, unfortunately
Focus These adverbs serve the purpose of drawing attention to the word they are describing. They can also add or resist another adverb. Examples: Specifically, particularly, even, merely
Let’s try a Jazz Chant! Repeat after me: Adverbs, adverbs, what do they do? Adverbs, adverbs, what do they do? Modifying verbs, Adjectives & adverbs too Modifying verbs, Adjectives & adverbs too Frequency, time, degree, focus Frequency, time, degree, focus Attitude, Attitude, Attitude. Now, you know what to do Use these adverbs to get a clue!
Now, compare with your partner. Did you fill in the correct answers? • 1. Always • 2. Slightly • 3. Before • 4. Almost • 5. Yesterday • 6. Miraculously • 7. Quickly • 8. Specifically • 9. Obviously • 10. Totally
Now, Let’s try constructing our own sentences using the new found varieties of adverbs that we learned about today!