Family Times. At The Beach. Daily Questions. Prior Knowledge. Drawing Conclusions. Vocabulary. Dictionary/Glossary. Predictions. Guided Comprehension. Sequence. Short Story. Independent Readers. The Eagle and the Bat. Additional Resources. Study Skills: Genre: Realistic Fiction
At The Beach
The Eagle and the Bat
Genre: Realistic Fiction
Vocabulary Strategy: Dictionary/Glossary
Comprehension Skill: Drawing Conclusions
Comprehension Strategy: Visualize
How can our actions result in unexpected consequences?
How would you characterize the children’s actions at the beach?
What did the entire family, including the adults, learn as a result of the unexpected events at the beach?
According to the legend, how did bat come to be a mouse?
Plants and animals
Things you see
Things to do
Active readers draw logical conclusions, or make decisions, based on information in the text and on their own knowledge.
Examine your own conclusions as you read. Ask yourself, “Can I support them with information from the text or with facts I already know?”
Authors also draw conclusions in their writing. Good readers ask themselves: “Are this author’s conclusions logical? Are they based on facts?”
When you visualize, you make mental images from what you read. Visualizing may involve all the senses: sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell. As you add new details to your mental pictures, you can draw new conclusions about the text.
Read “Making Tortillas.” Make a graphic organizer similar to the one above. Use visualizing to help you. What conclusions can you draw from reading the article?
Use your organizer to make a list of Dos and Don’ts for good tortillas.
Group of related living things, mostly living in water.
Put out of sight; hidden
Wood carried along by water or washed ashore from the water
Hanging beds or couches made of canvas, cord, etc.
Felt or showed grief for
Small, round sea animals with spiny shells.
Small pincers for picking up small objects.
Cockles: saltwater clams with two-ridged, heart-shaped shells
Dislodged: driven or forced out of place or position
Emphatically: said or done forcefully; strongly
True or False
Hammocks are used for fishing at the beach.
If your parents warn you sternly about something, they are being serious.
Sea urchins are plants that grow under the sea.
Answer each question and explain answer.
Would tweezers be helpful for picking up heavy objects?
Can you find a piece of driftwood in the forest?
Would you find algae in a pond?
Dictionaries and glossaries list words and their meanings in alphabetical order. A dictionary lists most of the words in a language. A glossary lists only the important words in the book where they appear.
A dictionary entry may also give the pronunciation, part of speech, and spellings of different forms of a word. You may need to look at a dictionary or glossary to get the meaning of an unknown word.
First, look at the words around the unknown word to see if they help.
If not, then look up the word in a glossary or dictionary.
If the word has several meanings, try the one that seems to fit best.
If that meaning doesn’t makes sense, try other meanings until you find one that does make sense.
As you read “My Special Island,” use a dictionary or glossary to find the meanings of words when other strategies do not work.
Realistic fiction deals with characters and actions that seem real but come from the author’s imagination. As you read, notice how the author uses words to paint a realistic picture of Guanabo Beach.
Preview the story title, illustrations, and setting of this story. This is a story told by a man looking back on his childhood. Use selection vocabulary as you talk about what might happen in the story.
When and where does the story take place?
What things do the family members do before leaving for the beach?
What fascinates Luisa, Mari, and Javi in the water?
Fernando wants to sneak a bite of the tortilla and tries to convince Luisa to explore the reef. What does this say about Fernando?
Use the glossary to find the correct meaning for concealed on p. 644, paragraph 1.
What do you think causes Javi to slip on the algae covered rocks?
Think about a time you did something you later regretted. Do you think Luisa regrets climbing on the reef because it was the wrong thing to do or because she would be punished?
Which phrases from p. 646, paragraphs 2-5, help you visualize the children trying to get the sea urchin out of Javi’s foot?
Use a dictionary to find the correct meaning for emphatically on p. 646, paragraph 9.
In the last paragraph on p. 646, it says they “walked the rest of the way in silence.” Why do you think they are silent?
Why do you think the children offer to share the blame with Fernando?
Imagine you were Fernando and you never told the truth about what happened. How would you have felt the rest of the day?
Tell students that sequence refers to the order of events in a story. Dates, time of day, and other words can be clues to sequence.
What happens after the car is parked at the beach?
A short story is a short, fictional narrative that contains all story elements – setting, characterization, plot, and theme.
Short stories are generally about one character or a limited number of characters and one event, or a series of closely-related events.
Short stories are shorter in length than books or novels.
Discuss if either of the two selections they read fit the definition of a short story.
Write a sentence about each of the four story elements in “At the Beach”.
The seas hold many more forms of life than the earth. Different kinds of sea creatures live in different parts of the sea. From intertidal regions to coral reefs to hydrothermal vents, this book introduces readers to sea life.
PAGE 5 What are the four zones of the intertidal region?
PAGE 6 What conclusion can you draw about creatures that live in the mid-tide zone?
PAGE 10 Why do scientists sometimes call coral reefs the ocean’s rain forest?
PAGE 12 What detail supports the main idea that camouflage helps some fish stay concealed in the coral?
PAGE 15 What details support the main idea that coral behave differently in the day and in the night?
PAGE 17 Which creatures cover themselves with sand?
Many different kinds of creatures live in the world’s oceans. Marine life can be found on rocky shorelines, on beaches, in the mud, in tidal pools, in salt marshes,
and on coral reefs. Barnacles, mussels, snails, starfish, sea urchins, crabs, clams, and oysters are just some of the sea animals discussed in this book.
PAGE 4 How have barnacles adapted to living on the oceans’ shores?
PAGE 6 How do snails feed on oysters and clams?
PAGE 8 What conclusion can you draw about creatures that live in tidal pools?
PAGE 10 How are sea anemones and sea urchins similar?
PAGE 11 Where are salt marshes located?
PAGE 16 What is a coral reef?
The ocean is a vast resource for food, such as fish and seaweed. It’s also a resource for salt, fresh water, and electric power. Future uses for the ocean may include using small life forms to trap carbon dioxide, which causes global warming. The many resources that the ocean provides are explored in this book.
PAGE 3 What percent of Earth’s surface is ocean?
PAGE 6 Why are many people eating more fish today than before?
PAGE 8 What can you conclude about fish pens located close to shore?
PAGE 12 How is electricity generated using the tides?
PAGE 16 What are phytoplankton?
A legend is a story handed down from the past.
Some legends deal with heroic deeds. Others explain something in nature.
What do the title and drawings lead you to expect the selection will be about?
What do you think this legend is about?
How could “becoming” one character help you visualize?